Wind power in New Jersey

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Wind power in New Jersey is in the early stages of development. There are various projects underway to create windfarms along coastal areas in the state on land, on piers, and on the continental shelf of the Atlantic Ocean off the southern Jersey Shore. Legislation has been enacted to support the industry through economic incentives and to permit wind turbines on existing piers. Several proposals have been made to expand the use of wind-generated power which may lead to the nation's first offshore wind power pilot project. In October 2010, North American Offshore Wind Conference was held in Atlantic City, site of the US's first on-shore coastal facility. New Jersey is part of the Atlantic Offshore Wind Energy Consortium.

United States installed wind power capacity by state 1999–2011

In May 2014, the federal Department of Energy awarded a grant for up to $47 million calling the project "innovative". New Jersey regulators had earlier rejected the same project in March.[1] In July 2014, the federal Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Ocean Management proposed sale of leases for nearly 344,000 acres (139,000 ha) covering an area about 7 miles off the coast of Atlantic City.

Existing facilities[edit]

Jersey-Atlantic is the first coastal wind farm in the USA
Bayonne

Jersey Atlantic Wind Farm[edit]

Jersey-Atlantic Wind Farm, opened in 2005 in Atlantic City, is the first coastal wind farm in the United States.[2] In October 2010, North American Offshore Wind Conference was held in the city and included tours of the facility and potential sites for further development.[3] In February 2011, the state passed legislation permitting the construction of windmills for electricity along pre-existing piers, such as the Steel Pier.[4][5]

Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority[edit]

The Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority operates a singular wind turbine.[6][7][8][9][10][11] Construction of a single turbine tower was completed in January 2012.[12] It is the first wind turbine created by Leitwind to be installed in the USA[13] and the first in the Tri-State (NY-NJ-CT) metropolitan area.[14] The turbine came on line in June 2012. [15]

Government interest and incentives[edit]

State grants for meteorological stations[edit]

In 2009, the New Jersey's Board of Public Utilities awarded grants of up to $4 million to Garden State Offshore Energy, Fisherman's Energy and Bluewater Wind to undertake research of offshore meteorological conditions.[16] The grant to Garden State Offshore Energy is being used to install an offshore meteorological buoy to measure wind speeds and weather and wave conditions off the coast. Garden State Offshore Energy is a joint venture between Deepwater Wind and PSEG Renewable Generation.[17]

Offshore Wind Economic Development Act[edit]

On August 19, 2010, Governor Christie signed the Offshore Wind Economic Development Act, which provides for financial incentives and tax credits to support offshore wind projects.[18][19][20]

As of February 2013, the Board of Public Utilities, which is charged with implementing key aspects of the legislation, had not yet finalized all of the regulations necessary to carry out the policy.[21]

BOEM Nominations of Interest[edit]

On April 20, 2011, the federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) issued "The New Jersey Call for Information and Nominations – Commercial Leasing for Wind Power on the Outer Continental Shelf Offshore New Jersey". The BOEM is responsible for leasing areas of the Outer Continental Shelf which are under federal jurisdiction for energy resource utilization.[22] This Call for information and nominations requested public input regarding the development of offshore wind projects in a designated Wind Energy Area (WEA) located offshore New Jersey. The Call also sought nominations from project developers of areas within the WEA that should be put up for auction for project development. The BOEM received eleven such nominations, and the entire WEA was proposed for development by one or more developers.[23]

Offshore leases in federal waters[edit]

In July 2014, the federal Department of the Interior and the Bureau of Ocean Management proposed sale of leases for nearly 344,000 acres (139,000 ha) covering an area about 7.000 nautical miles (12,964 m) off the coast of Atlantic City.[24] The area would be divided into two leases, known as the North Area and the South Area.[25]

Potential[edit]

The Atlantic Wind Connection will built be off the Jersey Shore

New Jersey has the potential to generate 373 GWh/year from 132 MW of 80 m high wind turbines or 997 GWh/year from 349 MW of 100 m high wind turbines located onshore as well as 430,000 GWh/year from 102,000 MW of offshore wind turbines. In addition, New Jersey has the capacity to generate 16,000 GWh/year from 14,000 MW of rooftop photovoltaics, and 440,000 GWh/year from 251,000 MW of rural solar farms, and 44,000 GWh/year from 25,000 MW of urban solar farms.[26] New Jersey used 76,759 GWh in 2011.[27]

While less susceptible than areas in southern states, hurricanes could be a threat to wind turbines in the state.[28][29]

Proposed projects[edit]

Federal map of leasing areas off coast of Atlantic City

Fisherman's Energy[edit]

In May 2011, Cape May-based Fisherman's Energy submitted an application to the Board of Public Utilities (BPU) under the Offshore Wind Economic Development Act for a demonstration project to build six wind turbines 2.5 miles (4.0 km) off the coast at Atlantic City, called Fisherman's Atlantic City Windfarm.[30] The wind farm was projected to come on line late 2012, but in August of that year the (BPU) announced they would delay until the end of the year acting on the application. A decision is expected on April 30, 2013.[31][32][33][34][35] A controversial report released in 2012 questions the economic benefits for the state.[36] In March 2014, the New Jersey Board of Public Utilities rejected a proposal to build the off-shore wind farm, citing financial irregularities and viability.[37][38] In May 2014, the federal Department of Energy awarded a grant for up to $47 million calling the project "innovative". [1][39] The revised plan is to install five, 5-megawatt turbines three miles off Atlantic City. The project will test a twisted jack foundation, which is a new type of offshore platform that is cheaper to make and install than traditional platforms.[40] IN August 2014, the Superior Court of New Jersey’s Appellate Division order the BPU to reconsider its decision in ight of the grant and the financial plan presented by Frisherman's.[41]

Atlantic Wind Connection[edit]

Atlantic Wind Connection is a planned electrical transmission backbone to be built off the Atlantic Coast of the United States to serve off-shore wind farms. Google and Good Energies, an investment firm, are the major investors in the $5 billion project proposed by Trans-Elect Development Company which would deliver power ashore at two points, one in South Jersey and one in northeastern New Jersey as well as Delaware and southern Virginia.[42] The proposed system has been praised by environmentalists and federal regulators, but as a first of its kind project, poses significant risks of encountering unexpected problems.[43] On January 17, 2013 Atlantic Wind Connection announced it had selected Bechtel as the EPC contractor and Alstom as technical advisor for the first phase of the development.[44]

Port Jersey[edit]

In 2010 the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey announced its intention to build five wind turbines at Port Jersey on the Upper New York Bay within three years.[45][46] The windfarm is part of a larger plan to expand the container port on the manmade peninsula to accommodate post-panamax ships.[47][48] In May 2012, Global Container Terminals announced detailed plan of the port extension. It included the installation of 9 wind turbines in order to meet a zero emissions footprint of their crane operation during periods of wind power generation.[49]

Raritan Bayshore[edit]

A single turbine as part of the Raritan Bayshore Regional Sewarage Authority facility in Union Beach has been mired in litigation and faces other zoning regulatory hurdles and community opposition.[50][51]

Port of Paulsboro[edit]

The Port of Paulsboro is located on the Delaware River and Mantua Creek in and around Paulsboro approximately 78 miles (126 km) from the Atlantic Ocean. Traditionally one of the nation's busiest for marine transfer operations of petroleum products, the port is being redeveloped as an adaptable omniport able to handle a diversity of bulk, break bulk cargo and shipping containers. Studies completed in 2012[52][53] concluded that the port is well suited to become a center for the manufacture, assembly, and transport of wind turbines and platforms the development of Atlantic Wind Connection[54][55][56][57][58][59]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Friedman, Alex (May 7, 2014). "Federal grant awards $47 million to NJ-rejected offshore wind farm project". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2014-05-28. 
  2. ^ "New Jersey Wind". Atlantic City Utilities Authority. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  3. ^ "N.J. soars in wind energy projects; four offshore farms in the works could generate 1,100 megawatts", The Press of Atlantic City, October 8, 2010 
  4. ^ "N.J. allows windmills for electric energy on piers". New Jersey Newsroom. February 8, 2011. 
  5. ^ Fletcher, Julian (February 9, 2011), "Christie enacts law allowing windmills on piers along New Jersey coast, including on Steel Pier in Atlantic City", Press of Atlantic City 
  6. ^ Hack, Charles (August 12, 2011), "Bayonne MUA says windmill will start generating electricity next year", The Jersey Journal: 27 
  7. ^ Uncle Sam paying most of Bayonne's windmill tab
  8. ^ Wind turbine to save Bayonne big bucks in long run
  9. ^ All geared up
  10. ^ Work on Bayonne windmill to resume shortly
  11. ^ Bayonne Municipal Utilities Authority’s towering wind-turbine project takes form as crane lifts center piece into place
  12. ^ Kowash, Kate (January 19, 2012), "Bayonne completes construction of wind-turbine project", The Jersey Journal, retrieved January 9, 2012 
  13. ^ LEITWIND goes to America
  14. ^ Wind turbine to be fully operational in by the end of March 2012.
  15. ^ Bayonne windmill begins to churn
  16. ^ "BPU picks offshore wind farm builder". www.nj.com. October 3, 2008. Retrieved June 5, 2011.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  17. ^ Belson, Ken (October 3, 2008), "Offshore Wind Farm Approved in New Jersey", The New York Times, retrieved June 2, 2011 
  18. ^ "Governor Christie Signs Offshore Wind Economic Development Act to Spur Economic Growth, Encourage Energy as Industry". August 19, 2010. 
  19. ^ DiSavino, Scott (May 17, 2011). "New Jersey opened the window for applications to build what could be the nation's first offshore wind power projects.". Reuters. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Assembly Budget Committee Statement to Assembly, No. 2873 with Assembly committee amendments". New Jersey State Legislature. June 24, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2011. 
  21. ^ http://www.njspotlight.com/stories/13/02/21/offshore-wind-stakeholders-pick-apart-proposed-funding-mechanism/
  22. ^ http://www.boem.gov/About-BOEM/index.aspx
  23. ^ http://www.boem.gov/Renewable-Energy-Program/State-Activities/New-Jersey.aspx
  24. ^ Johnson, Tom (July 18, 2014). "FEDS WANT TO LEASE OFFSHORE WIND SITES ON THOUSANDS OF ACRES OFF NEW JERSEY COAST". NJ Spotlight. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  25. ^ "Interior Department Achieves Another Milestone for Offshore Commercial Wind Energy Development in New Jersey Department Proposes Next Offshore Wind Lease Sale to Advance President’s Climate Action Plan, Identifies 344,000 Acres Offshore New Jersey" (Press release). Department of the Interior. July 17, 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-18. 
  26. ^ Renewable Energy Technical Potential
  27. ^ Electric Power Monthly February 2012 Table 5.4.B. page 118
  28. ^ Cardwell, Diane (February 13, 2012). "Will Hurricanes Topple U.S. Wind Turbines?". The New York Times. 
  29. ^ Quantifying the hurricane risk to offshore wind turbines
  30. ^ Fishermen’s Energy Announces New Jersey’s First Offshore Wind Energy Proposal to NJ BPU
  31. ^ State Puts the Brakes on Offshore Wind Farm Initiative – Again
  32. ^ Docket No. EO11050314V
  33. ^ "N.J. offshore wind farm another step closer to approval", Bloomberg News, May 6, 2011, retrieved June 3, 2011 
  34. ^ Heininger, Claire (March 3, 2008), "PSEG, 2 others apply to build wind farm off NJ coast", The Star-Ledger, retrieved June 3, 2011 
  35. ^ "By 2011 US first offshore wind farm might be of Atlantic City". www.offshorewind.biz. Retrieved June 5, 2011. 
  36. ^ Fishermen’s dismisses report on offshore project as 'misleading'
  37. ^ Friedman, Alexi (July 19, 2013). "BPU rejects latest plan for New Jersey's first wind farm proposed off coast of Atlantic City". nj.com. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  38. ^ Friedman, Alexi (March 19, 2014). "NJ rejects 3-year effort to install wind farm off Atlantic City coast". nj.com. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  39. ^ Editorial Board (May 25, 2014). "Get N.J. offshore wind project back on track: Editorial". South Jersey Times. Retrieved 2014-06-25. 
  40. ^ Woody, May (May 8, 2014). "Offshore Wind Farms Could Supply Much of the U.S.'s Electricity (If They Ever Get Built)". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  41. ^ http://www.northjersey.com/news/appeals-court-new-jersey-must-reconsider-windmill-plan-1.1069338
  42. ^ Needham, Rick. "The wind cries transmission", Google, October 11, 2010. Accessed June 2, 2011.
  43. ^ "Offshore Wind Power Line Wins Praise, and Backing" article by Matthew L. Wald in The New York Times October 12, 2010, Accessed October 12, 2010
  44. ^ Frank Maisano (January 17, 2013). "Offshore Wind Transmission Project Selects Bechtel, Alstom to Build Historic Project". Atlantic Wind Connection. Retrieved January 24, 2013. 
  45. ^ McGeehan, Patrick (August 16, 2010). "Wind Turbine Projects Sprouting Around New York". The New York Times. 
  46. ^ "Port Authority plans windfarm for New Jersey". environmentalleader.com. May 10, 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  47. ^ Wind farm could site on Hudson County shoreline
  48. ^ Hack, Charles (May 18, 2010), "Port Authority plans to build 5 big windmills to power new container port on Bayonne and Jersey City border", The Jersey Journal, retrieved June 6, 2011 
  49. ^ Terminal Overview – Global Terminal: 2014, Global Container Terminals – accessed June 1, 2012
  50. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/realestate/new-jersey-in-the-region-turbine-plans-hit-headwind.html?_r=0
  51. ^ http://www.nature.com/news/renewable-energy-wind-power-tests-the-waters-1.15992
  52. ^ Laday, Jason (December 11, 2012). "Paulsboro port site vetted by wind energy firm". South Jersey Times. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  53. ^ "AWC Study Confirms Feasibility Of Paulsboro Marine Terminal Site". North American Wind Power. April 25, 2013. Retrieved July 17, 2013. 
  54. ^ "AWC to Build Manufacturing Facility in Paulsboro, USA". Off shore Wind Biz. December 6, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2013. 
  55. ^ Merritt, Athena D. (January 19, 2009). "$250M port will be built in Paulsboro". Philadelphia Business Journal. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  56. ^ Forand, Rebecca (April 23, 2013). "Port of Paulsboro could be construction site for off-shore wind structures". South Jersey Times. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  57. ^ Belier, Carolyn (April 24, 2013). "Companies Betting Big on New Jersey's Offshore Wind". WCAU. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  58. ^ Paciolla, Christina (February 2012). "The Port of Paulsboro". South Jersey Biz. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 
  59. ^ Loyd, Linda (April 13, 2012). "Construction under way at new Paulsboro port". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved July 8, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

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