Wind power in New York
Wind power in New York has an installed capacity of 1638 MW as of the end of 2012.
Facilities at Maple Ridge Wind Farm, the largest wind farm in the state of New York, with 195 Vestas model V82 1.65 megawatt (MW) wind turbines. Collectively, the turbines have a rated or nameplate capacity of 320 MW. Maple Ridge Wind Farm became fully operational in January 2006. The Bliss Wind Farm in Wyoming County opened in May 2008 with a capacity of 100.5 megawatts. Three other large wind farms — the Altona, Chateaugay and Wethersfield Wind Parks — were completed in Upstate New York in February 2009. The projects have an installed capacity of 97.5, 106.5, and 124 MW respectively. All four use General Electric 1.5SLE wind turbines.
An important resource for the list of operational and projected wind power projects in New York may be found on the website of the New York Independent System Operator or NYISO.
The capacity factor of wind farms in New York is about 30 percent. However, the effective capacity — the fraction of rated power generated during summer afternoons, the period of peak demand — is estimated to be 10 percent for the whole state, except for Long Island where about 40% is forecast.
With a strong tradition of home rule and no state requirements or guidelines for locating facilities, the siting of large facilities in New York state has generated some controversy, along with myriad, diverse municipal efforts to zone or ban wind farms. Such conditions helped to produce in summer 2009 a Code of Conduct  promulgated by the state's attorney general Andrew Cuomo and embraced ultimately by wind developers responsible for a majority of the state's facilities. An expansion of the state's net metering laws in 2008 may help to grow the market for small scale residential, agricultural or commercial installations. In 2009, utilities in the state such as the New York Power Authority and Long Island Power Authority were exploring the possibility of large-scale offshore facilities, either in the ocean  or in the Great Lakes  facilities. The Long Island proposal is ongoing, the Great Lakes proposal was withdrawn in 2011.
|New York Wind Generation (GWh, Million kWh)|
- "Major US order for Vestas Wind Systems". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Denmark). 2005-04-07. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- "Maple Ridge Wind Farm". Horizon Wind Energy. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- "Maple Ridge Wind Farm Landmark Project Will Quadruple New York Wind Energy Capacity". Climate Change Chronicles. April 7, 2005. Retrieved 2006-05-16.
- 330 MW of Wind Power Go Online in New York
- NYISO Interconnection Queue
- "The Effects of Integrating Wind Power on Transmission System Planning, Reliability, and Operations - Report on Phase 2," (PDF). New York State Energy Research and Development Authority. March 4, 2005. p. 7.16. Retrieved 2009-05-02. "Capacity factors of inland wind sites in New York are on the order of 30% of their rated capacity. Their effective capacities, however, are about 10%, due to both the seasonal and daily patterns of the wind generation being largely “out of phase” with the NYISO load patterns. The offshore site in Long Island exhibits both annual and peak period effective capacities on the order of 40%."
- New York Attorney General announces 17 wind developers sign new code of conduct
- Long Island – New York City Offshore Wind Project
- New York Port Authority Wind Power
- Press Release
- Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (2010-03-05). "U.S. Installed Wind Capacity and Wind Project Locations". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (2013-04-09). "Installed Wind Capacity by State". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2013-05-31.
- EIA (July 27, 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.A.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- EIA (July 27, 2012). "Electric Power Monthly Table 1.17.B.". United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wind power in New York.|
- The Wind Power Law Blog focuses on wind energy legal developments, especially regarding land use and zoning law, real estate transactions, environmental concerns, and judicial and regulatory actions. This blog emphasizes wind power developments in New York state, but also addresses issues of broader interest.
- Hope Farm Information on Wind Power - Page on securing incentives, building, and monitoring power generated by small scale wind on Upstate NY farm.