Wind power in Portugal

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Wind farm at Lousã

Wind power in Portugal describes wind power in Portugal as part of energy in Portugal and renewable energy in Portugal. As of December 2013, wind power capacity in Portugal (Madeira and Azores included) was of 4,731 MW. Wind share of total electricity consumption was 23% saving nearly 8,182,900 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.[1][2][3]

The major wind turbine manufacturers in the Portuguese market are Enercon, Vestas, Gamesa and Nordex.

The largest owners of wind farms, as of December 2013, are ENEOP2 (23,9%), Iberwind (14,5%) (EDP Renováveis) (13%), Generg (9,2%) and EEVM (6,2%). The record of wind power generation utilization was achieved on October 24, 2013 at 02:00 with 3844 MW or 84% of the total used electricity.[4]

Regional trends[edit]

Installed windpower capacity (MW)
Rank District 2008[5] 2009[6] 2013[2]
1 Viseu 635.3 651.3 934.5
2 Coimbra 302.8 449.8 599.5
3 Vila Real 156.7 270.7 589.9
4 Castelo Branco 386.5 430.5 462.1
5 Lisboa 273.9 313.5 358.6
6 Viana do Castelo 308.8 356.0 342.6
7 Guarda 115.3 162.5 343.0
8 Leiria 172.9 252.3 272.6
9 Faro 75.0 135.0 209.2
10 Braga 121.0 147.9 148.3
11 Santarém 103.9 103.9 125.9
12 Porto 73.7 80.0 79.1
13 Bragança 14.0 74.0 74.0
14 Beja 10.0 26.0 50.0
15 Madeira 8.7 26.6 46.2
16 Aveiro 42.1 42.1 42.1
17 Açores 11.6 11.6 32.4
18 Setúbal 18.7 18.7 18.7
19 Évora 0.0 0.0 0.0
20 Portalegre 0.0 0.0 0.0
Portugal total (MW) 2832 3535[7] 4731 [2]

Most of the Portuguese wind capacity is located in the north-northeast distritos. Viseu is the distrito with the largest installed capacity, followed by Coimbra, Vila Real and Castelo Branco.

Major wind farms[edit]

The 240 MW Alto Minho Wind Farm in the Viana do Castelo district became fully operational in November, 2008 when Portugal's Economy Minister Manuel Pinho inaugurated it.[8] At the time of completion it was Europe's largest on-shore wind farm.[9] The wind farm began generating electricity in 2007, with production increasing as more wind turbines came online, reflecting the modular nature of wind farms. The wind farm consists of 68 Enercon E-82 2MW wind turbines and 52 Enercon E-70 E4 2MW turbines, totaling 136 MW and 104 MW, respectively.[10] The wind farm will produce 552 GWh annually, avoiding 370,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions.[8]

Other major wind farms which are operating, or under construction, include: Arada-Montemuro Wind Farm (112 MW), Gardunha Wind Farm (106 MW), Pinhal Interior Wind Farm (144 MW), Ventominho Wind Farm (240 MW).

Other wind farms include: The Pampilhosa Wind Farm (114 MW) that uses Vestas V90 turbines;[11] The Caramulo Wind Farm with a capacity of 90 MW, using Enercon E-70 E4 and E82/2000 turbines;[12] and the Candeeiros Wind Farm with a capacity of 111 MW, using Vestas V90 turbines.[13]

Portugal also has 2 MW of offshore capacity.[2]

In 2013, Portugal installed 196 MW of wind power.[3]

Under construction[edit]

As of December 2013, a total of 125.3 MW were being installed in Portugal.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]