Wind power in Sweden

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Sweden consumes about 150 terawatt hours of electricity per year,[1] of which about 6 TW·h[2] is generated from domestic wind power resources. Several times as much is imported from Denmark, which generates a considerable amount of surplus wind power. Two large projects are under development, which could dramatically increase wind power in Sweden.


Wind power in Sweden [3]
Year MW GWh
2000 241 447
2001 295 482
2002 345 609
2003 404 679
2004 452 865
2005 493 936
2006 583 988
2007 832 1,430
2008 1,085 1,996
2009 1,444 2,485
2010 2,004 3,502
2011 2,769 6,078
2012
2013

Swedish package and paper products company Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget and Norwegian power company Statkraft will invest 16 billion kronor (€1.73 billion; US$2.4 billion) in a project which will consist of around 400 wind turbines in seven wind farms in Jämtland and Västernorrland counties. Statkraft will provide financing and SCA the land.[4]

"... the wind power venture would involve production of 2,800 gigawatt hours, or GWh, of wind power electricity a year, accounting for between two to three percent of Sweden's electricity production."[4]

The Markbygden Wind Farm will be a series of wind farms in Norrbotten County. The project will be built by 2020, and will have a capacity of up to 4 GW.[5] If built out, the 55 billion kronor (€5.1 billion, US$6.9 billion) project will be the largest wind farm in Europe.[6] The wind farm will cover some 450 square kilometres, comprising about 1,100 wind turbines, and is expected to produce up to 12 TW·h of electricity per year (i.e. an average power of up to 1.4 GW).[7]

Anti wind power movement[edit]

The Association for Swedish Landscape Protection is in opposition to wind power.[8] Their chairman says:

It is beginning to get through, I think, that with the existing nuclear and hydro power available in Sweden, the role for intermittent wind power is marginal and primarily as an exercise in the following of ”fashion”. It has little to contribute to either generation capacity or transmission security. And it is expensive.

—Elisabeth von Brömsen, Public radio SR, March 2011

The Association has on several occasions used incorrect and non-scientific arguments in their propaganda and has been heavily criticized by scientists.

See also[edit]

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