Wind power in the Netherlands
Wind power in the Netherlands has recently been used as a renewable energy source. By December 2009, 1,975 wind turbines were operational in the Netherlands, with an aggregate capacity of 2,221 MW. The Dutch are trying to meet the EU-set target of producing 9% of total electricity from renewable sources by 2010. Windmills have historically played a major part in the Netherlands by providing an alternative to water driven mills.
Onshore wind power
In December 2009, a total of 1,879 onshore wind turbines had been installed in the Netherlands, comprising a total of 1,993 MW. The largest onshore wind farm is located in Eemshaven in Groningen, in the north of the Netherlands. This 204 MW wind farm contains 21 Vestas V90 3MW (known as GroWind) and 47 Enercon E 82 3MW (known as Westereems) wind turbines. Other large wind farms are located in Delfzijl-zuid (72 MW), Lelystad (46 MW), Terneuzen, (Koegorspolder, 44 MW), and Biddinghuizen (WP Kubbeweg, 34 MW).
Remarkably, wind turbines with just 2 blades are sometimes used as in Eemmeerdijk Wind Park.
Offshore wind power
In addition to the wind farms built onshore, two wind farms have been built out in the sea. In 2006, the Egmond aan Zee Offshore Wind Farm was built, consisting of 36 Vestas V90 3MW turbines, totaling 108 MW, sufficient to light 100,000 houses. The project cost $272 million and is cooperatively owned by Royal Dutch Shell and the Dutch utility company Nuon. In 2008, a second, somewhat larger offshore wind park was built: the Princess Amalia Wind Farm, consisting of 60 Vestas V80 2MW turbines totaling 120 MW, sufficient to power 125,000 homes and help the Netherlands cut 225,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions. The wind park was developed off the coast of IJmuiden by Econcern and Eneco Energie, at a total cost of $522.3 million.
The Dutch government has expressed the aspiration to build 6,000 MW of offshore wind power by 2020, which will have a considerable impact on the Dutch electricity grid, operated by TenneT. As a first step, the government has determined 65 sites for offshore wind farms in the North Sea and IJsselmeer.
In November 2011, the Dutch government decided to no longer fund 6B€ per year to maintain subsidized wind KWh at 0.18€. It sharply cut subsidies down to 1.5B€, leaving private sector to carry over windmill investments shall these be beneficial.
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