|Directed by||Kunihiko Yuyama|
|Produced by||Toshihiro Nagao|
|Written by||Keisuke Fujikawa|
|Music by||Satoshi Kadokura|
|Distributed by|| Victor Entertainment
Streamline Pictures, ADV Films
|Release dates||July 19, 1986|
|Running time||101 minutes|
Windaria (童話めいた戦史ウインダリア Douwa Meita Senshi Uindaria , lit. "Fairy Tale War Windaria"), also called Legend of Fabulous Battle Windaria and Once Upon a Time, is a Japanese animated film produced by Kaname Productions and Idol. The film was directed by Kunihiko Yuyama and written by Keisuke Fujikawa. It was released theatrically in Japan on July 19, 1986.
The mountainous kingdom of Paro and the coastal city-state of Itha had been at peace for over a century. They would have remained that way but for the ambitions of Paro's power-hungry king. Paro invaded Itha, despite the love between Jill, Paro's prince, and Ahanas, Itha's princess. Caught between duty and emotion, the star-crossed lovers were forced to fight a war to its bitter conclusion. Isu was a simple farmer from the neutral village of Saki, but he saved Itha from being destroyed by being a spy from Paro, and found himself hungering for wealth and glory that the Ithan monarchy could provide. Agents from Paro made him an offer to fulfill his wishes, and he left his wife Marin behind in what would turn into a battlefield between the two kingdoms.
|Character name||Voice actor||Character name||Voice actor|
|Izu (イズー)||Tōru Furuya||Allen||Kerrigan Mahan (young)
Russell Johnson (old)
|Marin (マーリン)||Waka Kanda||Marie||Jane Alan|
|Jiru (ジル)||Kazuhiko Inoue||Roland||Bruce Nielsen|
|Anasu (アーナス)||Naoko Matsui||Veronica||Barbara Goodson|
|Ginevia (ギネビア)||Sho Saito||Lunarian Queen||Catherine Luciani|
|Haroru (ハロール)||Kan Tokumaru|
|Piralu (クピラール)||Ichirō Nagai|
|Ransuro (ランスロ)||Hidekatsu Shibata||King Drako||Michael McConnohie|
|Kundori (クンドリー)||Rihoko Yoshida||Shadowland Queen||Sonja S. Fox|
|Kairu (カイル)||Norio Wakamoto||Lord Legato||Abe Lasser|
|Sharemu (シャレム)||Yumi Kinoshita||Celina||Brittany Harlowe|
|Druid (ドルイド)||Gara Takashima|
|Toreru (トレル)||Kazuki Yao|
Windaria is based on a novel of the same name, authored by Keisuke Fujikawa, the film's screenwriter. Fujikawa's resume includes the live-action Ultraman and the animated series Space Battleship Yamato, Grandizer, and Cat's Eye. The film was produced by animation companies Kaname Productions and Idol and directed by Kunihiko Yuyama, who previously worked on Magical Princess Minky Momo and GoShogun. Studio Gallop was responsible for its photography and Studio Cosmos contributed the backgrounds. Mutsumi Inomata acted as both character designer and animation director. The film's instrumental musical score was composed by Satoshi Kadokura. The vocal theme "Yakusoku" (約束, lit. "Promise") was written by Kazuhiko Kato and performed by J-pop singer Akino Arai. The ending theme "Utsukushii Hoshi" (美しい星, lit. "Beautiful Planet") was written and performed by Arai. Arai stated that she did not discuss the composition of the tracks with the director as she would have later in her career.
|Windaria Musical Chapter (ウィンダリア 音楽篇)|
|1.||"Uindaria no Tēma (ウインダリアのテーマ, Theme of Windaria)"||Satoshi Kadokura||3:30|
|2.||"Ipa Kawa no Hanran (イパ川の氾濫, Overflow of the Ipa River)"||Kadokura||4:49|
|3.||"Mayoi no Mori (迷いの森, Forest of Illusion)"||Kadokura||1:03|
|4.||"Yakusoku (約束, Promise)"||Masumi Kawamura||Kazuhiko Katoh||4:39|
|5.||"Hobē Ni Mise Rarete (ホバーに魅せられて, Fascinated by a Hover)"||Kadokura||1:38|
|6.||"Doruido no Tēma (ドルイドのテーマ, Theme of Druid)"||Kadokura||2:41|
|7.||"Kanashi Mino Mārin (哀しみのマーリン, Marin In Sorrow)"||Kadokura||2:07|
|8.||"Isa no Machi ~ Ginebia no Ketsui (イサの町~ギネビアの決意, The Town of Isa ~ Guinevere's Determination)"||Kadokura||2:28|
|9.||"Kougeki (攻撃, Attack)"||Kadokura||1:41|
|10.||"Ai no Rekuiemu (愛のレクイエム, Requiem for Love)"||Kadokura||3:44|
|11.||"Taihai no Pātei ~ Sharemu no Satsui (頽廃のパーティ~シャレムの殺意, Party of Decadance ~ Shalem's Murderous Intent)"||Kadokura||3:34|
|12.||"Haruka Naru Ieji (遥かなる家路, His Far Away Home)"||Kadokura||1:33|
|13.||""Kaze Nosasayaki" (風のささやき, Whisper of Wind)"||Kadokura||4:17|
|14.||"Utsukushii Hoshi (美しい星, Beautiful Star)"||Akino Arai||Arai||4:53|
Release and marketing
Windaria was released theatrically in Japan on July 19, 1986. In 1987, Harmony Gold licensed Windaria for release in the United States, trimming the movie from its original 101-minute running time to 95 minutes. The English-language version was edited in order to better market the movie to younger audiences. According to director Carl Macek, Harmony Gold was given no scipts or translations of the property and they thus had little insight into the plot details. The English version included a new script, an altered plot, scenes switched around, violent and adult-oriented scenes removed, the entire cast given Western names, and added narration provided by Russell Johnson (of Gilligan's Island fame).
Windaria was first distributed in Japan to home video by Victor Entertainment. The eventual laserdisc release contained a trailer, a pilot film (in which characters are colored differently than the final version), and a second audio track. Victor released Windaria on DVD in Japan on December 16, 2000. This release forgoes the laserdisc extras but includes a director interview on the insert. Atlus reissued the film on DVD on March 25, 2005. Streamline Pictures released the English version, titled Windaria, on North American VHS between 1992 and 1993. A laserdisc version was planned by Image Entertainment yet never distributed. ADV Films re-released the English version, as Once Upon a Time, on DVD on March 23, 2004. The uncut Japanese version has never been officially released in this region.
A generous amount of Windaria-related merchandise has been marketed in Japan since the movie's 1986 debut. Fujikawa's Douwa Meita Senshi Windaria bunkobon was published by Kadokawa Shoten during March 1986. Shortly after the premiere of Windaria, several official guide books were released, one (Settei: Windaria) containing Idol's sketches, storyboards, and promotional materials. A special omake was published on August 25, 1986, as part of Kadokawa's "Mediamix Special" imprint. Inomata's 1988 art book Gatsu no Koe Hoshi no Yume contains some of her illustrations from the film. Arai's album Natsukashii Mirai, containing both the film's opening and ending themes, was released by Victor on October 21, 1986. Arai later re-recorded "Utsukushii Hoshi" for her 2005 album Sora no Uta due to her dissatisfaction with the first version of the song. The film's original soundtrack was released by Victor on both LP and CD on July 21, 1986, and CD was reprinted in March 24, 1994. It was reissued on June 23, 1999 alongside the soundtrack to Birth, another anime by Kaname. Finally, a 2008 Nintendo DS video game based on the movie was developed by Compile Heart under the name Dungeon of Windaria (ダンジョン オブ ウインダリア) and released in Japan.
|This section requires expansion. (June 2011)|
Critical reception for the original Japanese version of Windaria has been favorable. Ralph Jenkins of Mania.com called the film "the quintessential anime tragedy". The reviewer elaborated, "The overriding theme of this grim allegory is that a promise -- especially between lovers -- is something so sacred that it thrives even beyond death, and taking it for granted can beget devastating consequences." Jenkins noted both Inomata's character designs and the film's musical score to be memorable.
- Castle in the Sky, another 1986 anime film with a large tree central to the story.
- Drazen, Patrick (January 1, 2002). Anime Explosion! The What? Why? & Wow! Of Japanese Animation. Stone Bridge Press. pp. 223–9. ISBN 978-1-880656-72-3.
- Houston, Don (April 1, 2004). "Once Upon A Time". DVD Talk. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Ledoux, Trish; Ranney, Doug; and Patten, Fred (February 1, 1997). The Complete Anime Guide: Japanese Animation Film Directory & Resource Guide. Tiger Mountain Press. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-9649542-5-0.
- Oppliger, John (August 1, 2008). "Ask John: Which Women Have Made an Impact on Anime Production?". AnimeNation. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- McCarthy, Helen (July 1997). The Anime! Movie Guide. The Overlook Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-87951-781-6.
- "'Do You Remember Love?' Composer Kazuhiko Katoh Found Hanged (Updated)". Anime News Network. October 17, 2009. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Oppliger, John (February 23, 2007). "Ask John: What are the Most Impressive Anime Songs?". AnimeNation. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Ayou (March 25, 2008). "Akino Arai Press Conference". Jame-World. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
- "ウインダリア" [Windaria]. Newtype (in Japanese) (Kadokawa Shoten): Back cover. August 1986.
- Lucas, Tim and Donna (1996). Video Watchdog (31–36): p. 26.
- Patten, Fred (September 1, 2004). Watching Anime, Reading Manga: 25 Years of Essays and Reviews. Stone Bridge Press. pp. 47–8. ISBN 978-1-880656-92-1.
- Oppliger, John (August 16, 2002). "Ask John: Is Carl Macek the Al Capone of Anime?". AnimeNation. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Lent, John A. (August 1, 2001). Animation in Asia and the Pacific. Indiana University Press. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-253-34035-1.
- Bertschy, Zac and Sevakis, Justin (January 15, 2010). "ANNCast: Macek Training". Anime News Network (Podcast). http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/anncast/2010-01-14. Retrieved June 20, 2011.
- Sevakis, Justin (July 17, 2008). "Buried Treasure: Windaria". Anime News Network. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Jenkins, Ralph (2001). "Old Skool Anime: Windaria & Birth". Mania.com. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- "ウインダリア" [Windaria] (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- "ウインダリア DVD" [Windaria DVD] (in Japanese). Atlus. Archived from the original on July 21, 2006. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Hartl, John (May 17, 1992). "Here comes summer and so is a raft of children's videos". The Seattle Times. Retrieved June 21, 2011.
- Oppliger, John (December 23, 2003). "AD Vision Announces New DVD Titles". AnimeNation. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Oppliger, John (January 9, 2009). "Ask John Editorial: What Anime Features Haven’t Been Licensed?". AnimeNation. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- "ウィンダリア 童話めいた戦史" [Windaria Fairy Tale War] (in Japanese). Book Shelf. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- "マニア館入荷情報 「内山まもる ウルトラマンメビウス外伝」ほかムック本入荷しました" [Stock Information Stock Mania "Ultraman Mebius Gaiden protect Uchiyama" mook other books in stock] (in Japanese). Mandrake. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- "月の声星の夢 いのまたむつみ画集" [Dream in a Voice, Star in a Moon: Mutsumi Inomata Collections of Paintings] (in Japanese). Doga Books. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- Inomata, Mutsumi (November 1988). 月の声星の夢 いのまたむつみ画集 [Dream in a Voice, Star in a Moon: Mutsumi Inomata Collections of Paintings] (in Japanese). Fujimi Shobo. pp. 25–57. ISBN 978-4-8291-9101-9.
- "懐かしい未来" [Future Nostalgia] (in Japanese). JVC. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- "ウィンダリア 音楽篇" [Windaria Musical Chapter] (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- "ウインダリア/バース" [Windaria/Birth] (in Japanese). Amazon.com. Retrieved June 19, 2011.
- "『ダンジョン オブ ウインダリア』人気アニメがダンジョンRPGに" [Dungeon of Windaria: A popular animation is in a dungeon RPG] (in Japanese). Famitsu. March 11, 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
- Spencer (March 11, 2008). "Dungeon of Windaria’s loose link to the source material". Siliconera. Retrieved June 18, 2011.