Windeby I is the name given to the bog body found preserved in a peat bog near Windeby, Northern Germany, in 1952. Until recently, the body was also called the Windeby Girl, because an archeologist believed it to be the body of a 14-year old girl, because of its slight build. Prof. Heather Gill-Robinson, a Canadian anthropologist and pathologist, used DNA testing to show the body was actually that of a sixteen-year-old boy.
The body was discovered by commercial peat cutters in 1952, and is now on display at The Landesmuseum at the Schloß Gottorf in Schleswig, Germany. Unfortunately, by the time the body was noticed by the peat cutters, and before the peat cutting machinery could be shut down, a hand, a foot and a leg had been severed from the body. Despite this damage, the body had been very well preserved by the peat, and it is still an important archaeological discovery. Shortly after the discovery of Windeby I, another bog body (an adult male) was found nearby and dubbed Windeby II.
The body appears to have a half-shaven head and a woollen blindfold tied across the eyes. Recent examinations have however established that the hair over the half of the scalp was not shaven, but had rather decomposed due to being exposed to oxygen a little longer than the rest of the body. The "blindfold" is in fact a woollen band, made using the sprang technique, that was probably used to tie back the boy’s shoulder-length hair and which had slipped down over the face after the boy's death. The evidence from the body suggests that the boy had been killed, possibly as a sacrifice or a punishment. This idea is supported by the observation that the body was discovered underneath rocks and branches, which were presumably used to hold the body down.
Some notable bog bodies
(BCE/CE dates given are radiocarbon dates.)
- Bocksten Man, a modern body from 1290-1430 CE, found 1936 in Varberg Municipality, Sweden.
- Borremose Bodies, from 400-700 BCE, found 1940s in Himmerland, Denmark.
- Cladh Hallan mummies, from 1600-1300 BCE, found on the island of South Uist, Scotland.
- Clonycavan Man, from 392-201 BCE, found 2003 in County Meath, Ireland
- Girl of the Uchter Moor, found in 2000 in Uchte, Germany.
- Grauballe Man, from 290 BCE, found 1952 in Jutland, Denmark.
- Haraldskær Woman, from 490 BCE, found 1835 in Jutland, Denmark.
- Lindow Man, from 20-90 CE, found 1984 in Cheshire, England.
- Old Croghan Man, from 362-175 BCE, found in County Offaly, Ireland.
- Gebühr, Michael (2002). Verein zur Förderung des Archäologischen Landesmuseums e.V., ed. Moorleichen in Schleswig-Holstein (in German). Neumünster: Wachholtz. ISBN 3-529-01870-8.
- van der Sanden, Wijnand (1996). Through Nature to Eternity - The Bog Bodies of Northwest Europe. Amsterdam: Batavian Lion International. ISBN 90-6707-418-7.
- Gill-Robinson, Heather Catherine (2006). The iron age bog bodies of the Archaeologisches Landesmuseum, Schloss Gottorf, Schleswig, Germany. Manitoba: University of Manitoba. ISBN 978-0-494-12259-4. (Doctors thesis)
- Diezel, Hage, Jankuhn, Klenk, Schaefer, Schlabow, Schürtrumpf, Spatz (1958). "Zwei Moorleichenfunde aus dem Domlandsmoor". Praehistorische Zeitschrift (in German) 36 (Berlin: de Gruyter). pp. 186 Fig 1. ISSN 0079-4848.