|Former type||Horse breeding/Racing Stable|
|Industry||Thoroughbred Horse racing|
|Predecessor(s)||National Stud of Canada|
|Founder(s)||Edward Plunkett Taylor|
|Key people||1) Edward Plunkett Taylor,
2) Charles P. B. Taylor, operator/owner (1980–1997)
3) Noreen Taylor & Judith Taylor Mappin
Hall of Fame Trainers:
Gordon J. "Pete" McCann
|Divisions||Chesapeake City, Maryland, United States|
The first stable and breeding operation of E. P. Taylor originated with a property near the city of Toronto known as Parkwood Stable when it was owned by Colonel Sam McLaughlin of McLaughlin Automobile fame. The property was purchased by Taylor and became known as The National Stud of Canada until he sold it and bought a new property in Oshawa he called Windfields Farm in honor of his first great champion. As population growth overtook the operation, it eventually expanded to include a second farm in Chesapeake City, Maryland, United States.
The Northern Dancer legacy
Most influential sire of the 20th century
Windfields Farm in Ontario is the birthplace of racing great and champion sire Northern Dancer, winner of the 1964 Kentucky Derby, in stakes record time, the Preakness Stakes, and the Queen's Plate. Retired from racing after the 1964 racing season, he went on to an even more brilliant career at stud. The National Thoroughbred Racing Association states that Northern Dancer is "one of the most influential sires in Thoroughbred history," and the Daily Racing Form calls Northern Dancer the most influential sire of the 20th century. . Northern Dancer is also regarded as the 20th century's best sire of sires.
Led by Northern Dancer, in the 1960s Windfields Farm earned more prize money than any other stable in North American Thoroughbred racing. Windfields bred Northern Dancer's sons Nijinsky, Secreto, and The Minstrel, all of whom won England's most prestigious race, the Epsom Derby.
In 1968 a barn fire at the Maryland division resulted in the death of thirteen horses who had just arrived from the Canadian farm. Included in the horses that died were twelve mares, three of which were in foal to Northern Dancer and one to Nearctic.
Northern Dancer spent most of his years at stud at the Maryland division which also became home to other sires such as Dancer's Image and Assert. A national icon in Canada, Northern Dancer died in 1990 at Windfields' Maryland farm but was returned to his birthplace in Oshawa for burial.
$1 million stud fee and world record offspring prices
Between 1974 and 1988, twelve times Northern Dancer yearlings led the Keeneland July Selected Yearling Sale by average price. In the 1983 Keeneland Sales horse auction, one of Windfields' colts, that would eventually be named Snaafi Dancer, became the first $10 million yearling. In 1984 his twelve yearlings sold for an unrivalled sale-record average of price of US$3,446.666.
Horses owned by Windfields Farm have won eleven Queen's Plate races, as well as the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes. Their horses have won the Canadian Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing twice, in 1959 and 1963. Windfields Farm and/or E. P. Taylor bred a world-record 48 champions and 360 stakes winners.
In 1980 E. P. Taylor was incapacitated by a stroke and his son Charles took over management of Winfields Farm. E.P. Taylor died in 1989 but Charles died in 1997 after which his widow Noreen and sister Judith Taylor Mappin took charge of the business. The Maryland division was sold in 1988 and Rowland Farm and the Northern Stallion Station occupy the land.
The downsizing that began following the death of E. P. Taylor resulted in large portions of Windfields Farm being sold to the University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT) and Durham College, which erected sports fields and parking lots on the farm's southeast corner. Farmlands on the east side of Simcoe Street are now housing developments. By 2008, the once vast estate that at its peak was home to more than 600 Thoroughbreds, had devolved to just a small private farm. In November 2009 the Windfields Farm breeding operations were wound up. Its broodmares and weanlings were sent to be auctioned at the Canadian Thoroughbred Horse Society Winter Mixed Sale and its remaining bloodstock was sold at the Keeneland Sales in Lexington, Kentucky. Shortly afterwards the contents of the farm, literally to the bare walls, was auctioned, and the property was effectively abandoned.
Already engulfed by urban sprawl, Windfields sold much of the non-core portions of the property to real estate developers for the purpose of residential development. Some of the farm's historic barns, the grave of Northern Dancer, plus a trillium forest where fifteen horses are interred, was reported to be preserved as a commemorative park, but as of the fall of 2012, these plans remain unfulfilled, and the future of the property and its historic structures and graves remains in a state of confusion.
To the disappointment of many there appears that there were no firm plans put in place by the Taylor family, Durham College or UOIT before the final closure of the farm in order to ensure its preservation.
Post Closure Disrespect and Community Action
After the farms closure much of the earlier promised preservation and respect of the property failed to materialize, the property, buildings, and graves left instead to fall into a state of decay and disrepair. Pictures began to appear of the gravesites of world famous Northern Dancer and other notable Windfields horses with 4 foot tall weeds surrounding them, as well as the historical structures falling prey to vandals, the elements, and time. Negative media attention in the fall of 2011 spurred the current owners of the "Core" property (Durham College and/or The University Of Ontario Institute of Technology) to step up maintenance of the gravesite areas and pledge to better respect the property, although no other commitments were made towards the future of the property at that point in time.
Supporters far and wide who wish a better ending for the iconic farm have banded together and are making their voices heard in the media, as well as on social media at the Friends Of Windfields Farm Facebook page.
As of the fall of 2012 the City Of Oshawa has become an ally to the cause for proper respect for the Windfields property, and at the behest of the city, UOIT has agreed to form a "Community Advisory Group" to allow all interested parties to discuss the future of the farm in detail. Parties who have requested to be privy to this group include a small number of core supporters of the aforementioned Friends of Windfields Farm supporters group, representatives from the Ontario Equestrian Federation, board members from Heritage Oshawa, as well as select City Of Oshawa staffers.
Burials at Windfields Farm
A non-exhaustive list of thoroughbred burials at Windfields Farm in Oshawa include:
- Archers Bay (1995–2002)
- Canadiana (1950–1971)
- New Providence (1956–1981)
- Northern Dancer (1961–1990)
- South Ocean (1967–1989)
- Vice Regent (1967–1995)
- Victoria Park (1957–1985)
- Windfields (1943–1969)
Numerous other lesser-known horses are buried at the separate "Trillium" gravesite located slightly to the north of the core of the farm. The status of this gravesite is in question due to its location which will soon border on residential development taking place on former Windfields Farm property.
Lesser yet known horses were also commonly buried at various other places on the once vast Windfields property, almost all in unmarked graves.
Windfields Estate was the home of E. P. Taylor and was situated at 2489 Bayview Avenue in North York, Ontario, a suburb of Toronto. It now houses the Canadian Film Centre, founded by filmmaker, Norman Jewison. The 10 hectares (25 acres) estate has been preserved as a heritage site.
- "Windfields Farm", NTRA biography database, accessed June 16, 2013.
- "Delaware Park adds five to Wall of Fame", Daily Racing Form, July 12, 2012, accessed May 11, 2013.
- Thomas, Robert McG., Jr. (November 17, 1990). "Northern Dancer, One of Racing's Great Sires, Is Dead". New York Times.
- Ormsby, Mary (November 6, 2009). "Last gallop for legendary Windfields Farm". The Star (Toronto).
- Friends Of Windfields Farm Facebook page
- Grave Matters: Windfields Farm at the National Sporting Library's Thoroughbred Heritage website
- Windfields Farm official website - Now defunct, no longer serves website
- Windfields Farm at the National Thoroughbred Racing Association (NTRA)
- Major Stakes Winners/Champions bred by Windfields & E.P. Taylor