|District||Kirchdorf an der Krems|
|• Mayor||Norbert Vögerl (ÖVP)|
|• Total||4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)|
|Elevation||602 m (1,975 ft)|
|Population (1 January 2013)|
|• Density||490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Windischgarsten is a municipality in the district of Kirchdorf an der Krems in Upper Austria, Austria with a population of 2442. Since 1964, the town has been classified as a Luftkurort, a mountain spa town.
River system: Dambach, Teichl, Steyr, Enns and Danube
Roman Windischgarsten (Gabromagus)lay to the Southwest and was a mansio (a stopping place) on the Norican Main Road (seeTabula Peutingeriana) that existed between the 2nd and 5th Centuries. The name "Gabromagus" has Celtic roots and allows two interpretations: Gabro is a Celtic name but also means Goat (male and female). And Magus is clearly a field. In German a "Bocksfeld" (field of a male goat) or field of Gabro. Archaeological digs show quite complex structures which could point to a settlement set up for trading. But recovered bricks with the stamp of the II Italian Legion also point to a possible military installation. The settlement saw its high-point around 200 and then declined. We next hear about Windischgarsten around 1200: to differentiate from the "Garsten" by Steyr, which was largely German and the settlement in the valley, which was largely settled by "Windische" (Slovenes). Garsten has its roots in the Slavic term for mountainous woods. Based on the development of the language it is assumed that the name was already in use around 800.
Contemporary Windischgarsten was originally founded as part of the Dukedom of Bavaria. During the Carolingian dynasty, around the year 800, a command post was likely set up with the name "Waldbergland" where a group of Alpine-Slavs were concentrated. In the 11th Century, this settlement became central to the Archdiocese of Bamberg. As the pilgrim population swelled during the First Crusade, the settlement became a hub of religious activity. A church was likely founded in 1119 ("in garsten capellam"), rough dated through the reign of Bishop Otto I of Bamberg, 1102-1139. The current church of Windischgarsten (St.Jacob maior, August 14th 1462 and the tower (Wehrturm)was built in 1495. It must also be noted that the term "Garsten" was equally applied to the settlement as well as the whole valley ("in Garsten situm"), right up to 1300. In the following centuries, the population swelled due to the continual influx of pilgrims and farmers. Documents show that the population elected a mayor (Dorfmeister - magister ville) in 1269. In 1492 the village had: two leather works, one furrier, three blacksmith shops, two mills (flour), one tailor, two butchers, one weaver, one locksmith, one rope-maker and one stonemason. Rope makers and wire-pullers became on of the strongest trades by 1577. By 1600 the village had 41 different trades living and working and was accorded the privilege of being a "Market Town".
After the Anschluss, the area became part of the Reichsgau Oberdonau. At the vote from April 10, 1938 only one vote against joining Germany was counted. By the end of the Second World war, 122 Windischgarsteners were either dead or missing. 1945 the market town counted 220 houses, by 1993 this had grown to more than 600. After the war, the market town became known for its Alpine Tourism and is particularly popular with skiers and hikers. On September 1st,1964 the market town was named a "Luftkurort", a health resort.
The market town made headlines at the turn of the millennium as the former mayor Franz Hufnagl was sentenced to three years in prison, charged with rape, sexual assault, and abuse of authority.
On 31 January, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI appointed local clergyman Gerhard Maria Wagner as auxiliary bishop of Linz. He resigned fifteen days later amidst controversy over his belief that sin had caused Hurricane Katrina.
Mayors since 1850:
- 1850–1867 Leopold Westermayr
- 1867–1873 Ferdinand Hofbauer
- 1873–1879 Michael Zöls
- 1879–1894 Gerhard Purgleitner
- 1894–1903 Emil Zeller
- 1903–1917 Franz X. Schröckenfux
- 1917–1919 Emil Zeller
- 1919–1922 Franz Lechner
- 1922–1924 Dicketmüller
- 1924–1929 Franz Lechner
- 1929–1934 Hans Fischer
- 1934–1942 Franz Lechner
- 1942–1945 Franz Scheer, NSDAP
- 1945–1945 Franz Lechner
- 1945–1951 Rudolf Sulzbacher, SPÖ
- 1951–1967 Hans Gmeiner, SPÖ
- 1967–1979 Josef Seidlmann, SPÖ
- 1979–1991 Hans Pernkopf, ÖVP
- 1991–2000 Franz Hufnagl, SPÖ
- 2000- Norbert Vögerl, ÖVP
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