Windle, St Helens

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Windle
Windle is located in Merseyside
Windle
Windle
 Windle shown within Merseyside
OS grid reference SJ4916297181
Metropolitan borough St Helens
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ST. HELENS
Postcode district WA10, WA11
Dialling code 01744
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament St Helens North
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside

Coordinates: 53°28′08″N 2°46′02″W / 53.4689°N 2.7673°W / 53.4689; -2.7673

Windle is a suburb of St. Helens,[1] and Ward of the metropolitan borough of the same name.[2][3] The 2001 census gives Windle a population of 8,621 in 3,607 households. It borders the villages of Eccleston and Rainford. It was one of the original four townships alongside Eccleston, Parr and Sutton formed that would later merge to become St. Helens.[1][2] The name derives from Windy Hill.[4]

History[edit]

Windle Chantry dates back to the 15th century, with Sir Thomas Gerard responsible for its construction on his return from Agincourt around 1415[4]

Windhull, 1201, (and common; Wyndhill, 1320; Wyndhyll, Wyndill, Wyndell, Wyndle, 16th century)[4] a Manor originally fell under the fee of the Warrington Barons until at least 1585. The first Baron is listed as Pain de Vilers.[4] Vilers was disenfranchised by William de Ferrers the Earl of Derby to the benefit of William le Boteler from Warrington. The Manor was subject to contesting claims by the Vilers to no avail. Portions of Windle over the next three hundred years were divided between the families local gentry Peter de Burnhull, Alan de Windle III and Thurstan de Holand[4] The de Burnhull family married into the Gerard family from nearby Kingsley in Cheshire who were the eventual inheritors of the land and title.[4][5]

Other significant families were the Colleys (or Cowleys), Hindley and Urmstons. The families of Harflynch and Eccles appear in the 16th century; and others of the neighbourhood, like the Byroms, Parrs, and Woodfalls, were also owners of land.[4] Adam Martindale, a puritan divine, born near Mossbank in 1623, recorded daily life and events of the area in his diaries, describing the chapelry and family interactions.[6]

18th century Windle was originally constituted by the villages and areas of Cowley Hill, Gerards Bridge, Hardshaw, Islands Brow, Laffak, Moss Bank, Pocket Nook, Windle Ashes and Windle Smithy.[4] Hardshaw (or antiquated Hardsheigh), described as a Berewick in the Domesday Book[5] was the site of The Chapel of St Elyn in Chapel Lane. The modern town of St Helens was formed around the Chapel of St Elyn that was located within the Hardshaw berewick since at least the 16th century.[4]

In 1910 the area was said to cover 3,150 acre[4]

Governance[edit]

Windle is one of 16 wards in the Metropolitan Borough of St Helens.[2]

Until 1834 Windle was part of the ancient West Derby hundred[7] before becoming part of the district of the Prescot Parish and Poor Law Union[3] (as was much of St Helens).[1] In 1834 St Helens was established as a Sub District before becoming a charter borough in 1868.[1]

The Windle Parish was reduced as an official body in 1894 to allow for the creation of the St Helens Parish. In 1934 it was again reduced.[1] Windle falls under the remit of the unitary authority that is St Helens Council for all policy decisions. The Parish Council retains some small authority for local matters within the community.

Education facilities[edit]

Cowley International College and De La Salle High School are the two high schools in the area.

Bleak Hill, Rivington and St. Thomas of Canterbury are the main primary schools in the area.

Infrastructure[edit]

The main access route that links Windle to St. Helens town centre is the A570 (Rainford Road), the area also being within walking distance of the A580 (East Lancashire Road), that links Liverpool and Manchester. The A580 is renowned for its traffic problems particularly at the Windle Island junction, where during rush hour traffic congestion can be expected. It has also been the site of numerous car accidents.

Entertainment and leisure[edit]

The area is host to two leisure centres in the suburb of Dentons Green. Queens Park and Ruskin. The new Queens Park complex contains facilities for swimming, keep fit, bowling, tennis, basketball, rugby and football. Ruskin sports a gym and swim pool, cricket, rounders, football and rugby fields, in addition to which are function and business suites.

Public open spaces include Queens Park, Cowley Hill, Bishop Road and Victoria Park.

Youth Clubs[edit]

There are a number of youth clubs who meet in Windle. These include 15th (St Andrews) St Helens Scout Group, Windle Wombles Explorer Unit, and Eccleston Guide pack.

15th St Andrews[edit]

15th St Helens (St Andrews) Scout Group is a scout group in the St Helens district that has backing from St Andrews church in Dentons Green. They meet at the Scout den on Dartmouth Drive and have Beaver, Cub, and Scout sections.

Windle Wombles[edit]

Windle Wombles are one of only two Explorer units in St Helens. They meet at Bleak Hill School. Their website can be found here.

Sport[edit]

Windle is home to Rugby Union team Liverpool St. Helens FC

St Helens Cricket Club is based on Windleshaw Road.

St Helens Recreation Cricket Club, aka St Helens Recs, is based in Ruskin Drive, formerly Pilkington's Sports Ground.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e University of Portsmouth. "Administrative unit: St Helens Civil Parish". visionofbritain.org.uk. 
  2. ^ a b c University of Portsmouth. "Administrative unit St Helens MB/CB". visionofbritain.org.uk. 
  3. ^ a b University of Portsmouth. "Administrative Unit Windle CP". visionofbritain.org.uk. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Farrer, William & Brownbill, J (1907). A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3. Victoria County History. pp. 371–377.  The Section dedicated to Windle.
  5. ^ a b Fletcher, Mike (2002). Black Gold and Hot Sand: A History of St.Helens. Carnegie Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85936-088-0. 
  6. ^ Martindale, A (1845). The Life of Adam Martindale, Written By Himself. Chetham Society, from manuscript in the British Museum. 
  7. ^ University of Portsmouth. "Administrative Unit West Derby Hundred". visionofbritain.org.uk. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Barker, T.C. & Harris, J.R. (1994) [1954]. A Merseyside Town in the Industrial Revolution: St. Helens, 1750-1900. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7146-4555-1. 
  • Farrer, William & Brownbill, J (1907). A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 3. Victoria County History. Victoria County History.  Available online from British History Online
  • Fletcher, Mike (2002). Black Gold and Hot Sand: A History of St.Helens. Carnegie Publishing Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85936-088-0. 
  • Martindale, Adam (2008). The Life of Adam Martindale, Written By Himself. BiblioLife. ISBN 978-0-559-40988-2. 
  • Routledge, George. Editor (1854). Pictorial history of the county of Lancaster... George Routledge.  Available online from Google Books

External links[edit]