Windlesham

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Coordinates: 51°22′N 0°40′W / 51.36°N 0.66°W / 51.36; -0.66

Windlesham
Windlesham Arboretum - geograph.org.uk - 808786.jpg
The Arboretum
Windlesham House School - geograph.org.uk - 1424129.jpg
Windlesham House School
Windlesham is located in Surrey
Windlesham
Windlesham
 Windlesham shown within Surrey
Area  22.4 km2 (8.6 sq mi)
Population 16,775 (Civil Parish)[1]
    - Density  749 /km2 (1,940 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SU930635
Civil parish Windlesham
District Surrey Heath
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WINDLESHAM
Postcode district GU20
Dialling code 01276, some 01344
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Surrey Heath
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Windlesham is a village in the Surrey Heath borough of Surrey, England and civil parish that covers Bagshot and Lightwater in the same borough. Its name derives from the Windle Brook which runs south of the village into Chobham and the common suffix 'ham', the Old English word for 'homestead'.

Today Windlesham has a main clustered community with various clubs. The main public parkland is linked by footpath across the M3 motorway cutting across the south of the parish, Windlesham Arboretum. Passing through its north is the A30 (London Road), two nearby train stations and Heathrow Airport make the settlement economically largely a commuter village. It has one church, St John the Baptist, the Windlesham Club and Theatre and six public houses.

A few large companies of late-20th-century origin have based themselves in Windlesham, including Rainbow Play Systems and the Linde Group.

History[edit]

A typical long line of Victorian houses close to the village centre. The Brickmakers Arms is depicted.

The neighbourhood has yielded bronze implements, now in the Archaeological Society's Museum, Guildford, and a certain number of neolithic flints.

Windlesham was once a small community within Windsor Great Park, built as a remote farming settlement around undulating heath, similar to Sunninghill.

This corner of the county appears, from absence of notice in Domesday, to have been very sparsely inhabited.[2] Of Windlesham, Malden wrote:

The old road had been the source of great prosperity in Bagshot till it was superseded by the railway. Thirty coaches a day passed through, and there were many inns, since closed. The most interesting history of the place is in connexion with Windsor Forest, and its bailiwick in Surrey. The tenure of Bagshot in the Red Book of the Exchequer is per serjentiam veltrariae, i.e. providing a leash of hounds. The later history is full of the exploits of highwaymen, who found the wild country hereabouts specially favourable for their purposes.

The Inclosure Act of 1812 inclosed much of Bagshot Heath, and also inclosed the common fields of Windlesham. (fn. 3) Inclosure had begun before, for in 1768 the lords of the manors and the freeholders gave land inclosed from the waste for charitable purposes.[2]

Windlesham Manor appears among the manors granted to Westminster by Edward the Confessor in his foundation charter. It was apparently transferred to the small local Broomhall Convent at an unknown date.

Newark Priory had a grant of land in Windlesham in 1256, and had the advowson (right to appoint the vicar) of the church. Joan Rawlyns, Prioress of Broomhall, made a voluntary surrender of the property of her house in 1522 before the 1538 Dissolution of the Monasteries. In the next year Windlesham was granted to St. John's College, Cambridge, who still held it in 1911[2]

In 1911 the village was due to the heath, see Surrey Heath, described as almost entirely modern, in much the same way as Wentworth, Surrey's landscape was tamed approximately at the turn of the 20th century, being naturally heather, gorse and fern and ideal for grass and laid out evergreen trees.[2]

Local schools[edit]

There are four schools in the Windlesham area, two of which are in the village itself: Windlesham First School. Woodcote House School is also in the area.

Recreation and social events[edit]

Field of remembrance[edit]

The village field is home to one of the local recreational parks and includes a play area. Many village events take place on the field, one of the most well known being the Windlesham Fête. The field is also used in the summer months by Windlesham Cricket Club. It also hosts a remembrance day service, where a boy from Woodcote House plays the last post.

Pram race[edit]

Windlesham is known for its annual pram race in which teams race around the village stopping at every pub. This usually happens every Boxing Day. The race starts at 10:30am at the old headquarters of The BOC Group now Linde Group. The finish and prize giving is held at the Windlesham Club & Theatre. Funds raised though entry fees and coin collections on the day are distributed to local charities and good causes.

Running club[edit]

Windlesham has a thriving running club, Windle Valley Runners, suitable for all standards of runner. The club meets every Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday for group training sessions and group runs, which take place in Windlesham and the surrounding areas. Windle Valley Runners compete in the winter Thames Valley Cross Country League. They also organise a monthly 10K race for members.

Windlesham Drama Group[edit]

Windlesham Drama Group is based at the Windlesham Club and Theatre. There are usually three shows a year including a pantomime (usually end of January / beginning of February) and two plays. New members are always welcome.

Localities[edit]

Valley End[edit]

St Saviour, Valley End, Surrey

Valley End is a hamlet and chapelry in the Borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey, England 0.5 miles (0.80 km) east of Windlesham, so similarly is about 15 minutes drive from the South West Main Line at Woking to the southeast and from Sunningdale on the Waterloo to Reading Line to the north.

Valley End has two churches, St Saviour[3] which was built in 1867[4] by the English architect George Frederick Bodley and Emmanuel Baptist Church.[5] St Saviour's is built in red and brown brick with stone dressed windows. The interior is a simple mixture of brick and stone. There is a Holy Communion service every Sunday at 9am.[6]

Valley End School was founded in 1859 by the Hon. Julia Bathurst of Hyams Hall, Windlesham.[7]

The Valley End Cricket Club was founded in 1895.[8]

Bagshot[edit]

See Bagshot for this developed part of the civil parish. There is the greatest concentration of shops and businesses in Bagshot compared to the other parts of the parish.

Lightwater[edit]

See Lightwater for this developed part of the civil parish

The Arboretum and the mansion of Updown Court[edit]

Windlesham Arboretum is connected by footpath to the edge of the village centre but on the opposite side of the M3 motorway. In July 2007, the most expensive house in the world, Updown Court, in Windlesham was valued at £75m ($138m (USD)). This 103-room mansion has 58 acres (23 ha) of gardens and landscaped woodlands.[9]

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 3,473 1,653 882 872 7 5

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 16,775 6,892 37.0% 44.4% 2,240

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ a b c d e H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Windlesham". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  3. ^ British Listed Buildings
  4. ^ Chobham Village Website
  5. ^ Emmanuel Baptist Church
  6. ^ St Lawrence and St Saviour Church Diary
  7. ^ Valley End School History
  8. ^ Valley End Cricket Club History
  9. ^ Conradi, Peter; Helen Davies (15 July 2007). "The most expensive house in Britain?". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  10. ^ "BAIGENT, Edward". Rootsweb. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  11. ^ Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand parliamentary record, 1840-1984 (4 ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. p. 181. OCLC 154283103. 

External links[edit]