Windsor (UK Parliament constituency)

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Windsor
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Windsor in Berkshire.
Outline map
Location of Berkshire within England.
County Berkshire
Electorate 70,633 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of Parliament Adam Afriyie (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Windsor & Maidenhead
19181974 (1974)
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Windsor & Maidenhead
1424–1918
Number of members Two until 1868, then one
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Windsor is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Adam Afriyie of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency covers the town of Windsor and various portions of the surrounding area, in Berkshire.[n 3]

Before 1868: The parliamentary borough of Windsor[n 4] was based upon the easternmost town in Berkshire in South East England, which grew up around Windsor Castle and the narrowly defined electorate could also vote for the county representatives.

1868–1918: The boundaries of the parliamentary borough were extended by the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1868 (31 & 32 Vict., c. 46). The north boundary of the constituency was on the River Thames, which was then the border between Buckinghamshire which had a seat of the same name and Berkshire, likewise the rest of the borough adjoined the Berkshire county constituency. Between 1885–1918 the seat to the north of the Thames was the Wycombe division of Buckinghamshire and the other neighbouring constituency was the Wokingham division of Berkshire.

1918–1950: The parliamentary borough was abolished and replaced by a county division named Windsor. The local government areas (as they existed in 1918) which comprised the constituency were the Municipal Boroughs of New Windsor, and Maidenhead, with the Rural Districts of Cookham, Easthampstead, Windsor and a part of Wokingham.

1950–1974: The constituency was reduced in size by the Representation of the People Act 1948, so it comprised the Municipal Boroughs of New Windsor and Maidenhead, with the Rural Districts of Cookham and Windsor. In 1974 the same area less Eton and Bracknell was included in a new constituency named Windsor and Maidenhead; this area plus Eton became the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead established in 1974.

1997–2010: In 1997 the Windsor constituency was recreated to sever off the expanded town of Maidenhead to the northwest and with it Cookham. Instead Windsor was joined by Eton and part of Slough Borough Council north of the Thames. Wards were: from the Borough of Bracknell Forest: Ascot, Cranbourne and St Mary's; from the Borough of Slough : Foxborough ward. The remainder of the seat, in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead, comprised the wards of Bray, Castle, Clewer North, Clewer South, Datchet, Eton North and South, Eton West, Horton and Wraysbury, Old Windsor, Park, Sunningdale and South Ascot, Sunninghill and Trinity.[2]

In 1998 there was a small re-alignment of county boundaries in the north east corner of Berkshire. This transferred to Slough a small polling district from Surrey and another from Buckinghamshire to form Colnbrook and Poyle[3] This new Slough ward of (since renamed Colnbrook with Poyle) was selected for the Windsor constituency, though involved two polling districts (the typically three-four subdivisions of wards).

2010–present: the constituency has the electoral wards:-

Constituency profile[edit]

The re-created constituency, from 1997, has continued a trend of large Conservative Party majorities. In local elections the major opposition party has been the Liberal Democrat party who have had councillors particularly in the town of Windsor itself. Affluent villages and small towns along the River Thames and around the Great Park have continued to contribute to large Conservative majorities, from Wraysbury to Ascot.

Containing one of the least social welfare-dependent demographics and among the highest property prices, the seat has the third highest Conservative share of the vote in the country. At the 2010 election, only two areas voted more strongly towards the Conservative Party: Richmond (Yorks) foremost followed by Beaconsfield in Buckinghamshire.[5]

History[edit]

Windsor has had parliamentary representation for centuries, first sending a member in 1301, and continuously from 1424. It elected two members of parliament until 1868, when the constituency was reformed and its representation reduced to one MP. In 1974, the constituency was abolished and a similar one, Windsor and Maidenhead was created. However, in 1997 the constituency was recreated.

The pre-1832 franchise of the borough was held by inhabitants paying scot and lot (a local tax). On 2 May 1689 the House of Commons had decided that the electorate should be limited to the members of Windsor Corporation. This was disputed after the next election, in 1690, when the Mayor submitted two returns of different members. The House of Commons reversed the decision of the previous Parliament and confirmed the scot and lot franchise.

There were 278 electors in 1712. Namier and Brooke estimated that, in 1754–1790, there were about 300 electors. In 1832 a new property based franchise replaced the scot and lot qualification. Under the new system, there were 507 registered electors in 1832.

The early political history of the area was strongly influenced by the monarch and members of his or her family. Windsor Castle has been an important royal residence throughout the history of the constituency.

During part of the 18th century the Duke of Cumberland (son of King George II) and the Beauclerk family (descended from King Charles II) had political interests in the borough.

King George III became personally involved in the hotly contested 1780 general election. George encouraged local landowner Peniston Portlock Powney to stand by paying him £2,500 from the King's personal account. The King wished to defeat Admiral Keppel (later Viscount Keppel), an incumbent. The monarch went so far as to canvass tradesmen who dealt with the royal household. After this royal interference in the election, Keppel lost by a narrow 16 votes. Namier and Brooke suggest the Windsor electorate had an independent streak and were difficult to manage.

The borough representatives before the Reform Act 1832 included soldiers and people connected with the Royal Household, such as Sir Richard Hussey Vivian (MP 1826–1831) and Sir Herbert Taylor (MP 1820–1823). The constituency also returned politicians prominent in national politics, like the Duke of Wellington's elder brother the Earl of Mornington in the 1780s and 1790s or the future Prime Minister Edward Stanley (subsequently the Earl of Derby) in the early 1830s).

The Ramsbottom family filled one seat from 1806 until 1845. The borough had been loyal to the King's Pittite/Tory ministers in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, but became more favourable to the Whig interest after John Ramsbottom (MP 1810–1845) was elected.

By the 1860s the monarch had ceased to interfere in local affairs. The borough fell under the patronage of Colonel R. Richardson-Gardner. Richardson-Gardner was a local landowner, who caused some animosity when following the 1868 general election he evicted tenants who did not support him at the polls. This was the last Parliamentary election the Conservatives lost in Windsor.

Despite (or perhaps because of) his methods, Richardson-Gardner was elected to Parliament in 1874. Successive Conservative MPs, before the First World War, had considerable influence in the constituency; especially when they subscribed generously to local institutions such as a hospital.

The county division created in 1918 combined the town of Windsor, with territory to its west, south and east which had formerly been in the Wokingham division. The incumbent MP for Wokingham up to 1918, Ernest Gardner, was the first representative of the expanded Windsor constituency. The Conservative Party retained the seat continuously, until 1974 when a Windsor constituency temporarily disappeared from the House of Commons.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Burgesses in the English Parliament 1510–1707[edit]

As there were sometimes significant gaps between Parliaments held in this period, the dates of first assembly and dissolution are given. Where the name of the member has not yet been ascertained or (in the 16th century) is not recorded in a surviving document, the entry unknown is entered in the table.

The Roman numerals after some names are those used in The House of Commons 1509–1558 and The House of Commons 1558–1603 to distinguish a member from another politician of the same name.

Elected Assembled Dissolved First member Second member
1510 21 January 1510 23 February 1510 John Welles William Pury
1512 4 February 1512 4 March 1514 John Welles Thomas Rider
1515 5 February 1515 22 December 1515 John Welles Thomas Rider
1523 15 April 1523 13 August 1523 unknown unknown
1529 3 November 1529 14 April 1536 Thomas Warde William Simonds
1536 8 June 1536 18 July 1536 unknown unknown
1539 28 April 1539 24 July 1540 unknown unknown
1542 16 January 1542 28 March 1544 Richard Warde William Simonds
1545 23 November 1545 31 January 1547 Thomas Legh[6] unknown
1547 4 November 1547 15 April 1552 Richard Warde Edward Weldon[7]
By January 1552 Thomas Little
1553 1 March 1553 31 March 1553 Richard Warde Richard Amyce
1553 5 October 1553 5 December 1553 Richard Warde Thomas Good
1554 2 April 1554 3 May 1554 Richard Warde Thomas Butler II
1554 12 November 1554 16 January 1555 Richard Warde William Norreys
1555 21 October 1555 9 December 1555 Richard Warde William Norreys
14 January 1558 20 January 1558 17 November 1558 William Hanley William Norreys
5 January 1559 23 January 1559 8 May 1559 Thomas Weldon Roger Amyce
1562 or 1563 11 January 1563 2 January 1567 Richard Gallys John Gresham
1571 2 April 1571 29 May 1571 John Thomson Humphrey Michell
12 April 1572 8 May 1572 19 April 1583 Edmund Dockwra Richard Gallys[7]
1576 Humphrey Michell
16 November 1584 23 November 1584 14 September 1585 Henry Neville John Croke III
28 September 1586 13 October 1586 23 March 1587 Henry Neville George Woodward
10 October 1588 4 February 1589 29 March 1589 Henry Neville[8] Edward Hake
26 October 1588 Edward Neville I
1593 18 February 1593 10 April 1593 Henry Neville Edward Neville II
16 October 1597 24 October 1597 9 February 1598 Julius Caesar John Norreys
1 October 1601 27 October 1601 19 December 1601 Julius Caesar (Sir) John Norreys
1604 19 March 1604 9 February 1611 Samuel Backhouse Thomas Durdent died and
replaced by
Sir Francis Howard
1614 5 April 1614 7 June 1614 Sir Richard Lovelace Thomas Woodward
1621 16 January 1621 8 February 1622 Sir Charles Howard Sir Robert Bennet
1624 12 February 1624 27 March 1625 Edmund Sawyer Thomas Woodward
Sir William Hewitt
1625 17 May 1625 12 August 1625 William Russell Humphrey Newbury
1626 6 February 1626 15 June 1626 William Russell Humphrey Newbury
1628 17 March 1628 10 March 1629 William Beecher Thomas Hewett
No parliament held
1640 13 April 1640 5 May 1640 Sir Arthur Ingram Sir Richard Harrison
1640 3 November 1640 5 December 1648 Cornelius Holland William Taylor
Richard Winwood (1641)
6 December 1648[n 5] 20 April 1653 [n 6]
1653 [n 7] 4 July 1653 12 December 1653 unrepresented unrepresented
1654 [n 8] 3 September 1654 22 January 1655 unrepresented unrepresented
1656 [n 9] 17 September 1656 4 February 1658 unrepresented unrepresented
1659 27 January 1659 22 April 1659 George Starkey Christopher Whichcote
N/A [n 10] 7 May 1659 20 February 1660 unknown unknown
21 February 1660 16 March 1660
3 April 1660 25 April 1660 29 December 1660 Alexander Baker Roger Palmer
9 April 1661 8 May 1661 24 January 1679 Sir Richard Braham[9] Thomas Higgons
19 February 1677 Sir Francis Winnington
27 February 1679 6 March 1679 12 July 1679 Sir John Ernle John Powney
5 April 1679 Richard Winwood Samuel Starkey
29 August 1679 21 October 1680 18 January 1681 John Powney John Carey
4 November 1680 Samuel Starkey Richard Winwood
1681 21 March 1681 28 March 1681 Samuel Starkey Richard Winwood
28 March 1685 19 May 1685 2 June 1687 William Chiffinch Richard Graham
11 January 1689 22 January 1689 6 February 1690 Henry Powle Sir Christopher Wren
23 May 1689 Sir Algernon May
6 March 1690 20 March 1690 11 October 1695 Sir Algernon May Baptist May
17 May 1690 Sir Charles Porter William Adderley[10]
20 November 1693 Sir William Scawen
23 October 1695 22 November 1695 6 July 1698 Sir William Scawen The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge
21 August 1698 24 August 1698 19 December 1700 The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham
3 January 1701 6 February 1701 11 November 1701 The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham
21 November 1701 30 December 1701 2 July 1702 The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham
16 August 1702 20 August 1702 5 April 1705 The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham
8 May 1705 14 June 1705 1707 [n 11] The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham

MPs 1707–1868[edit]

Election Member[11] Member[11]
1707 John, Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham
1708 John, Viscount Fitzhardinge Richard Topham
1710 William Paul[12]
Samuel Masham[13]
Charles Aldworth
Richard Topham
1713 Charles Aldworth Christopher Wren
1715 Robert Gayer[14]
Sir Henry Ashurst, Bt
Christopher Wren[14]
Samuel Travers
1722 Charles, Earl of Burford[15]
Lord Vere Beauclerk
William, Earl of Inchiquin
1727 Lord Vere Beauclerk George, Viscount Malpas[16]
Lord Sidney Beauclerk
1734 Lord Vere Beauclerk Lord Sidney Beauclerk
1741 Henry Fox Lord Sidney Beauclerk[17]
Lord George Beauclerk
1747 Rt Hon. Henry Fox Lord George Beauclerk
1754 Rt Hon. Henry Fox Hon. John Fitzwilliam
1761 Hon. John Fitzwilliam Hon. Augustus Keppel
1768 Hon. Augustus Keppel Lord George Beauclerk[18]
Richard Tonson[19]
Hon. John Hussey-Montagu
1774 Hon. Augustus Keppel Hon. John Hussey-Montagu
1780 Hon. John Hussey-Montagu Peniston Portlock Powney
1784 Hon. John Hussey-Montagu[20]
The Earl of Mornington
Peniston Portlock Powney
Year First member[11] First party Second member[11] Second party
1790 Peniston Portlock Powney[21] Tory The Earl of Mornington[22] Non Partisan
1794 William Grant Tory
1796 Henry Isherwood[23] Tory Hon. Robert Fulke Greville Tory
1797 Sir William Johnston, Bt Tory
1802 John Williams[24] Tory
1804 Arthur Vansittart Tory
1806 Edward Disbrowe[25] Tory Richard Ramsbottom[26] Tory
1810 John Ramsbottom, junior
later John Ramsbottom
Non Partisan
1812 Whig
1819 The Lord Graves[22] Tory
1820 Sir Herbert Taylor[27] Tory
1823 Edward Cromwell Disbrowe Non Partisan
1826 Sir Richard Hussey Vivian[28] Non Partisan
1830 Whig
1831 Rt Hon. Edward Stanley Whig
1832 Sir Samuel John Brooke Pechell, Bt Whig
1835 Sir John Edmund de Beauvoir[29] Radical
1835 Sir John Elley[30] Conservative
1837 Robert Gordon Whig
1841 Ralph Neville Conservative
1845 George Alexander Reid[31] Conservative
1847 Lord John Hay[32] Whig
1850 John Hatchell Whig
1852 Charles William Grenfell Whig
1852 Lord Charles Wellesley[33] Conservative
1855 Samson Ricardo Whig
1857 William Vansittart[34] Conservative
1859 George William Hope[35] Conservative
1863 Richard Vyse Conservative
1865 Sir Henry Ainslie Hoare, Bt[36] Liberal Henry Du Pré Labouchere[36] Liberal
1866 Charles Edwards Liberal Roger Eykyn Liberal

MPs 1868–1974[edit]

Election Member[11] Party
1868 reduced to one member
1868 Roger Eykyn Liberal
1874 Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative
1890 by-election Sir Francis Tress Barry, Bt Conservative
1906 James Francis Mason Conservative
1918 Ernest Gardner Coalition Conservative
1922 Sir Annesley Somerville Conservative
1942 by-election Sir Charles Mott-Radclyffe Conservative
1970 Alan Glyn Conservative
Feb 1974 constituency abolished: see Windsor & Maidenhead

MPs 1997–present[edit]

Election Member[11] Party
1997 Michael Trend Conservative
2005 Adam Afriyie Conservative

Elections since 1868[edit]

Elections 1997–2010[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 2010 [37]
Turnout: 49,588 (71.3%) +7.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 19,054 (38.4%) +16.1
Swing: 8.1% from Lib Dem to Con
Adam Afriyie Conservative 30,172 60.8 +11.4
Julian Tisi Liberal Democrat 11,118 22.4 −4.7
Amanjit Jhund Labour 4,910 9.9 −8.0
John-Paul Rye UKIP 1,612 3.3 +0.6
Peter Phillips BNP 950 1.9 N/A
Derek Wall Green 628 1.3 −1.1
Peter Hooper Independent 198 0.4 N/A
General Election 2005 [38]
Turnout: 43,691 (65.4%) +8.4
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,292 (23.6%) +2.5
Swing: 1.2% from Lib Dem to Con
Adam Afriyie Conservative 21,646 49.5 +2.2
Antony Wood Liberal Democrat 11,354 26.0 −0.1
Mark Muller Labour 8,339 19.1 −5.0
David Black UKIP 1,098 2.5 +0.0
Derek Wall Green 1,074 2.5 N/A
Peter Hooper Independent 182 0.4 N/A
General Election 2001 [39]
Turnout: 42,096 (57.0%) −16.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,889 (21.1%) +1.6
Swing: 0.8% from Lib Dem to Con
Michael Trend Conservative 19,900 47.3 −0.9
Nick Pinfield Liberal Democrat 11,011 26.1 −2.6
Mark Muller Labour 10,137 24.1 +5.8
John Fagan UKIP 1,062 2.5 +1.9
General Election 1997 [40][41][42]
Electorate: 69,132
Turnout: 50,781 (73.5%) N/A
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,917 (19.5%) −7.7
Swing: 3.9% from Con to Lib Dem
Michael Trend Conservative 24,476 48.2 −8.1
Chris Fox Liberal Democrat 14,559 28.7 −0.4
Amanda Williams Labour 9,287 18.3 +5.9
James McDermott Referendum Party 1,676 3.3 N/A
Paul Bradshaw Liberal 388 0.8 N/A
E. Bigg UKIP 302 0.6 N/A
Ronald Parr Dynamic 93 0.2 N/A

Elections 1950–1970[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 1970
Electorate: 77,743
Turnout: 54,821 (70.5%) −5.8
Conservative hold
Majority: 16,050 (29.3%) +13.2
Swing: 6.6% from Lab to Con
Dr. Alan Glyn Conservative 32,264 58.9 +9.3
T.D. Sullivan Labour 16,214 29.6 −3.9
R.J. Trevallion Liberal 6,343 11.6 −5.4
General Election 1966
Electorate: 67,694
Turnout: 51,674 (76.3%) −0.1
Conservative hold
Majority: 8,330 (16.1%) −7.1
Swing: 3.6% from Con to Lab
Sir Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 25,630 49.6 −0.7
R.R. Brown Labour 17,300 33.5 +6.4
S.R. Jakobi Liberal 8,744 16.9 −5.6
General Election 1964
Electorate: 65,770
Turnout: 50,242 (76.4%) +0.9
Conservative hold
Majority: 11,642 (23.2%) −7.6
Swing: 3.8% from Con to Lab
Sir Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 25,274 50.3 −15.1
P.A. Fletcher Labour 13,632 27.1 −7.5
P.G.N. Badge Liberal 11,336 22.6 N/A
General Election 1959
Electorate: 60,673
Turnout: 45,806 (75.5%) +2.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,078 (30.7%) +4.0
Swing: 2.0% from Lab to Con
Sir Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 29,942 65.4 +2.0
W.E. Robinson Labour 15,864 34.6 −2.0
General Election 1955
Electorate: 54,649
Turnout: 40,056 (73.3%) −5.7
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,724 (26.8%) +3.6
Swing: 1.8% from Lab to Con
Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 25,390 63.4 +1.8
W.O.J. Robinson Labour 14,666 36.6 −1.8
General Election 1951
Electorate: 52,640
Turnout: 41,589 (79.0%) −3.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,635 (23.2%) +1.4
Swing: 0.6% from Lab to Con
Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 25,612 61.6 +6.0
Miss M. Nicholson Labour 15,977 38.4 +4.6
General Election 1950
Electorate: 51,580
Turnout: 42,307 (82.0%) +14.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,212 (21.8%) +0.7
Swing: 0.4% from Lab to Con
Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 23,512 55.6 +1.4
Miss M. Nicholson Labour 14,300 33.8 +0.7
Alastair Campbell Gillespie Mars Liberal 4,495 10.6 −2.1

Elections 1918–1945[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 1945
Electorate: 73,159
Turnout: 49,652 (67.9%) +40.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,481 (21.1%) +4.38
Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 26,901 54.2 −4.2
Miss Marjorie Nicholson Labour 16,420 33.1 N/A
Neville Chan Tufnell Liberal 6,331 12.8 N/A
By-Election 30 June 1942 [43]
Electorate: 58,726
Turnout: 16,374 (27.9%) N/A
Conservative hold
Majority: 2,740 (16.7%) N/A
Charles Edward Mott-Radclyffe Conservative 9,557 58.4 N/A
Hon. William Douglas-Home Independent Progressive 6,817 41.6 N/A
General Election 1935 Conservative hold Annesley Ashworth Somerville Conservative unopposed
General Election 1931 Conservative hold Annesley Ashworth Somerville Conservative unopposed
General Election 1929 [44]
Electorate: 53,156
Turnout: 35,927 (67.6%) +1.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 9,250 (25.8%) −31.6
Annesley Ashworth Somerville Conservative 20,564 57.2 −21.5
E.Ronald Haylor Liberal 11,314 31.5 N/A
A.H. Chilton Labour 4,049 11.3 −10.0
General Election 1924
Electorate: 38,852
Turnout: 25,884 (66.6%) +9.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 14,856 (57.4%) +40.7
Annesley Ashworth Somerville Conservative 20,370 78.7 +20.3
C.N.B. Crisp Labour 5,514 21.3 N/A
General Election 1923
Electorate: 37,945
Turnout: 21,671 (57.1%) −8.6
Conservative hold
Majority: 3,625 (16.7%) −25.6
Swing: 12.8% from Con to Lib
Annesley Ashworth Somerville Conservative 12,648 58.4 −12.8
Charles B. Crisp Liberal 9,023 41.6 +12.8
General Election 1922
Electorate: 37,445
Turnout: 24,591 (65.7%) +22.2
Conservative hold
Majority: 10,417 (42.4%) +3.6
Annesley Ashworth Somerville Conservative 17,504 71.2 +1.8
Charles B. Crisp Liberal 7,087 28.8 N/A
General Election 1918 [45]
Electorate: 33,377
Turnout: 14,521 (43.5%) −44.8
Coalition Conservative hold
Majority: 5,625 (38.7%) +13.3
Ernest Gardner Coalition Conservative 10,073 69.4 +6.6
C.S. Edgerly Independent Labour 4,448 30.6 N/A

Elections 1885–1910[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election December 1910
Electorate: 3,210
Turnout: 2,836 (88.4%) −5.4
Conservative hold
Majority: 722 (25.5%) +3.3
Swing: 1.6% from Lib to Con
James Francis Mason Conservative 1,779 62.7 +1.6
Hon. Geoffrey Fiennes Liberal 1,057 37.3 −1.6
General Election January 1910
Electorate: 3,210
Turnout: 3,008 (93.7%) +4.0
Conservative hold
Majority: 668 (22.2%) +17.8
Swing: 8.9% from Lib to Con
James Francis Mason Conservative 1,838 61.1 +8.9
H.L. Hart Liberal 1,170 38.9 −8.9
General Election 1906
Electorate: 3,210
Turnout: 2,880 (89.7%) N/A
Conservative hold
Majority: 128 (4.4%) N/A
James Francis Mason Conservative 1,504 52.2 N/A
C.C. Bigham Liberal 1,376 47.8 N/A
General Election 1900 Conservative hold Sir Francis Tress Barry, Bt Conservative unopposed
General Election 1895 Conservative hold Francis Tress Barry Conservative unopposed
General Election 1892 Conservative hold Francis Tress Barry Conservative unopposed
By-Election 2 April 1890
Electorate: 2,755
Turnout: 2,494 (90.5%) N/A
Conservative hold
Majority: 550 (22.1%) N/A
Francis Tress Barry Conservative 1,522 61.0 N/A
William Henry Grenfell Liberal 972 39.0 N/A
General Election 1886 Conservative hold Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative unopposed
General Election 1885 [46]
Electorate: 2,612
Turnout: 2,397 (91.8%) +6.1
Conservative hold
Majority: 465 (19.4%) +10.0
Swing: 5.0% from Lib to Con
Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative 1,431 59.7 +5.0
Hon. H.E. Butler Liberal 966 40.3 −5.0

Elections 1868–1880[edit]

Election Political result Candidate Party Votes % ±%
General Election 1880
Electorate: 2,122
Turnout: 1,819 (85.7%) −0.5
Conservative hold
Majority: 171 (9.4%) −17.1
Swing: 8.6% from Con to Lib
Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative 995 54.7 −8.6
V.W.B. Van de Weyer Liberal 824 45.3 +8.6
General Election 1874 [47][48]
Electorate: 1,951
Turnout: 1,682 (86.2%) −3.7
Conservative gain from Liberal
Majority: 446 (26.5%) N/A
Swing: 13.5% from Lib to Con
Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative 1,064 63.3 +13.5
Roger Eykyn Liberal 618 36.7 −13.5
General Election 1868 [47]
Electorate: 1,777
Turnout: 1,598 (89.9%) N/A
Liberal hold
Majority: 8 (0.5%) N/A
Roger Eykyn Liberal 803 50.3 N/A
Robert Richardson-Gardner Conservative 795 49.8 N/A

Elections 1690–1866[edit]

The bloc vote electoral system was used in two seat elections and first past the post for single member by-elections and general elections from 1868. Each voter had up to as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings (until the secret ballot was introduced in 1872).

Note on percentage change calculations: Where there was only one candidate of a party in successive elections, for the same number of seats, change is calculated on the party percentage vote. Where there was more than one candidate, in one or both successive elections for the same number of seats, then change is calculated on the individual percentage vote.

Note on sources: The information for the election results given below is taken from Cruickshanks et al. 1690–1715, Sedgwick 1715–1754, Namier and Brooke 1754–1790, Stooks Smith 1790–1832 and from Craig thereafter. Where Stooks Smith gives additional information or differs from the other sources this is indicated in a note after the result. When a candidate is described as Non Partisan for an election this means that the sources used do not give a party label. This does not necessarily mean that the candidate did not regard himself as a member of a party or acted as such in Parliament. Craig's party labels have been varied to take account of the development of parties. Tory candidates are classified as Conservative from the United Kingdom general election, 1835. Whig and Radical candidates are classified separately until the formal establishment of the Liberal Party shortly after the United Kingdom general election, 1859.


1690s1700s1710s1720s1730s1740s1750s1760s1770s1780s1790s1800s1810s1820s1830s1840s1850s1860s

Elections in the 1690s[edit]

General Election 6 March 1690: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir Christopher Wren Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Baptist May Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Charles Porter Defeated N/A N/A
Non Partisan William Adderley Defeated N/A N/A
Turnout Unknown N/A N/A
  • Note: There is a discrepancy between sources, as The House of Common 1690–1715 indicates that Wren was elected at this election; whereas Leigh Rayment indicates Sir Algernon May was re-elected; both with Baptist May.
  • On petition, Wren and May were unseated and Porter and Adderley were seated on 17 May 1690.
  • Death of Adderley, in June 1693
By-Election 20 November 1693: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Sir William Scawen Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 23 October 1695: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Scawen Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 21 July 1698: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Topham Elected N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir William Scawen Defeated N/A N/A
Turnout Unknown N/A N/A

Elections in the 1700s[edit]

General Election 3 January 1701: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Topham Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 21 November 1701: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Topham Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 16 August 1702: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Topham Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 8 May 1705: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Topham Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 3 May 1708: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig The 4th Viscount Fitzhardinge Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Richard Topham Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1710s[edit]

General Election 4 October 1710: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Topham Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory William Paul Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Paul
By-Election 18 May 1711: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Samuel Masham Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
By-Election 21 January 1712: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Charles Aldworth 149 78.42 N/A
Whig Topham Foot 41 21.58 N/A
Majority 108 56.84 N/A
Turnout 190 N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
General Election 24 August 1713: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Christopher Wren 244 48.51 N/A
Tory Charles Aldworth 183 36.38 N/A
Whig Sir Henry Ashurst, Bt 76 15.11 N/A
Turnout 503 N/A N/A
General Election 26 January 1715: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Christopher Wren 141 25.68 N/A
Tory Robert Gayer 137 24.95 N/A
Whig Sir Henry Ashurst, Bt 136 24.77 N/A
Whig Samuel Travers 135 24.59 N/A
Turnout 549 N/A N/A
  • On petition, Wren and Gayer were unseated and Ashurst and Travers were seated on 14 April 1715.

Elections in the 1720s[edit]

General Election 20 March 1722: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Earl of Burford 249 45.86 N/A
Non Partisan The 4th Earl of Inchiquin 211 38.86 N/A
Non Partisan -. Proctor 80 14.73 N/A
Non Partisan Robert Gayer 3 0.55 -24.40
Turnout 543 N/A N/A
By-Election 31 May 1726: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Vere Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 16 August 1727: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Vere Beauclerk 247 45.40 N/A
Non Partisan Viscount Malpas 244 44.85 N/A
Non Partisan Francis Oldfield 53 9.74 N/A
Turnout 544 N/A N/A

Elections in the 1730s[edit]

  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Beauclerk as a Commissioner of the Navy.
By-Election 15 May 1732: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Vere Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
By-Election 16 May 1733: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Sidney Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 23 April 1734: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Vere Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Lord Sidney Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Seat vacated after the appointment of Lord Vere Beauclerk to an office.
By-Election 10 March 1738: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Vere Beauclerk 133 50.00 N/A
Non Partisan Richard Oldfield 133 50.00 N/A
Majority 0 0.00 N/A
Turnout 266 N/A N/A
  • A double return was made. The House of Commons decided the correct result was Beauclerk 240 (60.00%) and Oldfield 160 (40.00%); a majority of 80 (20.00%). Beauclerk was declared duly elected on 27 March 1738.

Elections in the 1740s[edit]

By-Election 28 April 1740: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Sidney Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 2 May 1741: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord Sidney Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Henry Fox Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Fox to an office.
By-Election 26 December 1743: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Henry Fox Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
  • Death of Beauclerk
By-Election 3 December 1744: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord George Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
By-Election 31 May 1746: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Henry Fox Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 26 June 1747: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Lord George Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Rt Hon. Henry Fox Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1750s[edit]

General Election 13 April 1754: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Rt Hon. Henry Fox Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Hon. John Fitzwilliam Unopposed N/A N/A
By-Election 19 November 1755: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Rt Hon. Henry Fox Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
By-Election 5 July 1757: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Rt Hon. Henry Fox 137 61.43 N/A
Non Partisan Charles Bowles 86 38.57 N/A
Majority 51 23.87 N/A
Turnout 223 N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1760s[edit]

General Election 25 March 1761: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Hon. John Fitzwilliam Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Hon. Augustus Keppel Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Keppel to an office.
By-Election 23 December 1765: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Hon. Augustus Keppel Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A
General Election 16 March 1768: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Hon. Augustus Keppel Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Lord George Beauclerk Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Beauclerk.
By-Election 18 May 1768: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Richard Tonson Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1770s[edit]

  • Death of Tonson.
By-Election 9 November 1772: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. John Hussey-Montagu Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory gain from Non Partisan Swing N/A
  • Note (1772): Both Stooks Smith and Napier & Brooke refer to this MP as the Hon. John Montagu.
General Election 8 October 1774: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Hon. Augustus Keppel Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Hon. John Hussey-Montagu Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1780s[edit]

General Election 8 September 1780: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. John Hussey-Montagu 214 36.51 N/A
Tory Peniston Portlock Powney 174 35.90 N/A
Whig Hon. Augustus Keppel 158 27.59 N/A
Turnout 546 N/A N/A
General Election 31 March 1784: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. John Hussey-Montagu Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Peniston Portlock Powney Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1784): The Lord Penrhyn was proposed, but declined going to the poll.
  • Death of Hussey-Montagu
By-Election 19 July 1787: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan The Earl of Mornington Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan gain from Tory Swing N/A
  • Note (1787): Lord John Russell was a candidate, but declined going to the poll.
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Powney as Ranger of the Little Park.
By-Election 1 July 1788: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Peniston Portlock Powney Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1790s[edit]

General Election 1790: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Peniston Portlock Powney Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan The Earl of Mornington Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Powney
By-Election 1794: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory William Grant 151 51.89 N/A
Tory Henry Isherwood 140 48.11 N/A
Majority 11 3.78 N/A
Turnout 291 N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
General Election 1796: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Henry Isherwood Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Hon. Robert Fulke Greville Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Isherwood
By-Election February 1797: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Sir William Johnson, Bt 141 81.50 N/A
Non Partisan William Vining Perry 32 18.50 N/A
Majority 109 63.01 N/A
Turnout 173 N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1800s[edit]

  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Greville as a Groom of the Bedchamber
By-Election April 1800: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Hon. Robert Fulke Greville Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
General Election 1802: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory John Williams 212 35.22 N/A
Tory Hon. Robert Fulke Greville 203 33.72 N/A
Tory Richard Ramsbottom 187 31.06 N/A
Turnout 602 N/A N/A
  • Seat vacated when Williams was declared not duly elected
By-Election 1804: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Arthur Vansittart 200 55.10 N/A
Tory Anthony Bacon 163 44.90 N/A
Majority 37 10.19 N/A
Turnout 363 N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A
General Election 1806: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Edward Disbrowe 200 39.14 N/A
Tory Richard Ramsbottom 162 31.70 +0.64
Tory Arthur Vansittart 149 29.16 N/A
Turnout 511 N/A N/A
General Election 1807: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Edward Disbrowe Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Richard Ramsbottom Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1810s[edit]

  • Resignation of Ramsbottom
By-Election March 1810: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan John Ramsbottom, junior Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan gain from Tory Swing N/A
General Election 1812: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Edward Disbrowe Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig John Ramsbottom, junior Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1818: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Edward Disbrowe Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig John Ramsbottom, junior Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Death of Disbrowe
By-Election February 1819: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory The Lord Graves Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1820s[edit]

General Election 1820: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Sir Herbert Taylor Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Note (1820): From this election Stooks Smith does not append junior to the name of John Ramsbottom.
  • Resignation of Taylor
By-Election February 1823: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Edward Cromwell Disbrowe Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan gain from Tory Swing N/A
General Election 1826: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Sir Richard Hussey Vivian Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

General Election 1830: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Sir Richard Hussey Vivian Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Vivian as Commander of the Forces in Ireland
By-Election February 1831: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Rt Hon. Edward Stanley Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
General Election 1831: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Rt Hon. Edward Stanley Unopposed N/A N/A
General Election 1832: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom 408 48.40 N/A
Whig Sir Samuel John Brooke Pechell, Bt 230 27.28 N/A
Radical Sir John Edmund de Beauvoir 205 24.32 N/A
Turnout 843 (461 voted) 90.93 N/A
Registered electors 507

Note (1832): Stooks Smith classified Ramsbottom as a Radical candidate from this election. However as Stenton, editing a book composed of Parliamentary biographies published by a contemporary after the Reform Act 1832, described Ramsbottom as being 'of Whig principles' he continues to be classified as a Whig in this article.

General Election 1835: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom 353 42.89 -5.51
Radical Sir John Edmund de Beauvoir 239 29.04 +4.72
Conservative Sir John Elley 231 28.07 N/A
Turnout 823 (453 voted) 89.88 -1.05
Registered electors 504
  • On petition de Beauvoir was unseated and Elley was seated on 6 April 1835, following a scrutiny.
General Election 1837: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom 326 34.68 -8.21
Whig Robert Gordon 292 31.06 N/A
Radical Sir John Edmund de Beauvoir 182 19.36 -9.68
Conservative Thomas Bulkeley 140 14.89 -13.18
Turnout 940 (511 voted) 72.69 -17.19
Registered electors 703

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General Election 1841: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Ramsbottom 316 30.92 -3.76
Conservative Ralph Neville 311 30.43 +15.54
Whig William F. Ferguson 265 25.93 N/A
Radical Sir John Edmund de Beauvoir 130 12.72 -6.64
Turnout 1,022 (555 voted) 86.45 +13.76
Registered electors 642
  • Note (1841): Later in his career Ralph Neville became known as Ralph Neville Grenville. A petition was presented challenging this election, but it was withdrawn before a decision was obtained.
  • Death of Ramsbottom
By-Election 8 November 1845: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Alexander Reid Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing N/A
  • Note (1835): John Walter was a candidate, but he retired from the contest before the election.
  • Seat vacated on the appointment of Neville as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury
By-Election 14 March 1846: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ralph Neville Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1847: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Lord John Hay Unopposed N/A N/A
Conservative George Alexander Reid Unopposed N/A N/A
Registered electors 728
  • Note (1847): Stooks Smith has the registered electorate as 720.
  • Resignation of Hay

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

By-Election 6 February 1850: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Hatchell Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
By-Election 10 February 1851: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Hatchell Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
  • Death of Reid
By-Election 22 May 1852: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Charles William Grenfell 330 58.93 N/A
Conservative A. Vansittart 230 41.07 N/A
Majority 100 17.86 N/A
Turnout 560 78.65 N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Registered electors 712
General Election 1852: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Charles Wellesley 241 30.82 N/A
Whig Charles William Grenfell 224 28.64 N/A
Whig Samson Ricardo 210 26.85 N/A
Conservative Thomas Bulkeley 107 13.68 N/A
Turnout 782 (555 voted) 77.95 N/A
Registered electors 712
  • Note (1852): A petition was presented against Wellesley only, but it was dismissed.
  • Resignation of Wellesley
By-Election 14 February 1855: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Samson Ricardo Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General Election 1857: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Vansittart 325 36.11 N/A
Whig Charles William Grenfell 289 32.11 +3.47
Whig Samson Ricardo 286 31.78 +4.93
Turnout 900 70.09 -7.86
Registered electors 642
  • Note (1857): As the number of electors who voted is unascertained, the minimum turnout is calculated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that voters did not use both their votes the turnout figure will be an underestimate.
General Election 1859: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Vansittart 325 38.69 +2.58
Conservative George William Hope 269 32.02 N/A
Whig Charles William Grenfell 246 29.29 -2.92
Turnout 840 68.97 -1.12
Registered electors 609
  • Note (1859): Turnout estimated as in 1857 above. A petition was presented after this election, but it was withdrawn before a formal decision was made upon it.

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

By-Election 4 November 1863: Windsor
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard H.R.H. Vyse 287 54.88 N/A
Liberal Arthur Divett Hayter 236 45.12 N/A
Majority 51 9.75 N/A
Turnout 523 85.88 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
Registered electors 619
  • Note (1863): The full names of Richard Vyse were Richard Henry Richard Howard Vyse.
General Election 1865: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Henry Ainslie Hoare, Bt 324 27.25 N/A
Liberal Henry Du Pré Labouchere 323 27.17 N/A
Liberal William Vansittart 291 24.47 -14.22
Conservative Richard H.R.H. Vyse 251 21.11 N/A
Turnout 1,189 91.32 +22.35
Registered electors 651
  • Note (1865): Turnout is estimated, in the same way as for 1857 above. This election was declared void on petition.
By-Election 9 May 1866: Windsor (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Charles Edwards Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal Roger Eykyn Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies in their modern form, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years, until 1868 the constituency as a parliamentary borough had the right to send two to most Parliaments.
  3. ^ From 1974 the local government county boundary changed to add to Berkshire part of the territory north of the Thames. Eton, Horton and Wraysbury were put into Windsor's borough. Currently Colnbrook in Slough Borough Council is in the seat but the Commission intend to add this to Spelthorne and exchange it for another Slough ward
  4. ^ Sometimes known as New Windsor to distinguish it from the adjoining settlement of Old Windsor which was at the time still in Surrey
  5. ^ Date of Pride's Purge, which converted the Long Parliament into the Rump Parliament
  6. ^ Date when Oliver Cromwell dissolved the Rump Parliament by force.
  7. ^ Date when the members of the nominated or Barebones Parliament were selected. The parliamentary borough of Windsor was not represented in this body.
  8. ^ Date when the members of the First Protectorate Parliament were elected. The parliamentary borough of Windsor was not represented in this body. Windsor formed part of the county constituency of Berkshire for this Parliament.
  9. ^ Date when the members of the Second Protectorate Parliament were elected. The parliamentary borough of Windsor was not represented in this body. Windsor formed part of the county constituency of Berkshire for this Parliament.
  10. ^ The Rump Parliament was recalled and subsequently Pride's Purge was reversed, allowing the full Long Parliament to meet until it agreed to dissolve itself.
  11. ^ The MPs of the last Parliament of England and 45 members co-opted from the former Parliament of Scotland, became the House of Commons of the 1st Parliament of Great Britain which assembled on 23 October 1707 (see below for the members in that Parliament).
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (SI 1995/1626)
  3. ^ The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) (Miscellaneous Changes) Order 1998 (SI 1998/3152).
  4. ^ Legislation Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007 (SI 2007/1681)
  5. ^ Electoral Calculus columns
  6. ^ "Legh, Thomas (LH526T)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  7. ^ a b Died.
  8. ^ Chose to sit for Sussex
  9. ^ Died, April 1676.
  10. ^ Died, June 1693.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  12. ^ Died in office, May 1711
  13. ^ To the House of Lords as Lord Masham, January 1712
  14. ^ a b Not duly elected
  15. ^ To the House of Lords, having succeeded to a dukedom, May 1726
  16. ^ To the House of Lords, having succeeded to an earldom, May 1730
  17. ^ Died November 1744
  18. ^ Died May 1768
  19. ^ Died 1772
  20. ^ Died 1787
  21. ^ Died in office, January 1794
  22. ^ a b A peer of Ireland
  23. ^ Died in office, February 1796
  24. ^ Declared not duly elected
  25. ^ Died in office, February 1819
  26. ^ Resigned, March 1810
  27. ^ Resigned, February 1823
  28. ^ Resigned on appointment as Commander of Forces in Ireland, February 1831
  29. ^ Unseated on petition
  30. ^ Seated after a scrutiny
  31. ^ Died 1852
  32. ^ Resigned 1850
  33. ^ Resigned 1855
  34. ^ Contested the UK general election, 1865 as a Liberal candidate.
  35. ^ Died 1863
  36. ^ a b Election declared void on petition
  37. ^ http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/windsor
  38. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/ge05/i21.htm
  39. ^ http://www.politicsresources.net/area/uk/constit/272.htm
  40. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 January 2011. 
  41. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.177 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  42. ^ The 1997 election result is calculated relative to a notional 1992 result, as the constituency was re-established in 1997.
  43. ^ The by-election was caused by the death of Somerville
  44. ^ Electorate expanded on the introduction of universal adult suffrage
  45. ^ The electorate was expanded, with the parliamentary borough being abolished and its territory becoming part of a county division
  46. ^ Electorate expanded by the Representation of the People Act 1884, but boundaries left unchanged.
  47. ^ a b An election petition was presented, but it was dismissed.
  48. ^ Constituency reduced to one seat and electorate expanded by the Reform Act 1867, with the constituency boundaries changed by the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1868, to take effect from the next general election.

Sources[edit]

  • A Chronological Register of Both Houses of the British Parliament. Robert Beatson, 1807.
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885–1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press, revised edition 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1950–1973, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Research Services 1983).
  • The House of Commons 1690–1715, by Eveline Cruickshanks, Stuart Handley and D.W. Hayton (Cambridge University Press 2002)
  • The House of Commons 1715–1754, by Romney Sedgwick (HMSO 1970)
  • The House of Commons 1754–1790, by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
  • Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910, by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844–50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973))
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament: Volume I 1832–1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament, Volume II 1886–1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament, Volume III 1919–1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)
  • Who's Who of British members of parliament, Volume IV 1945–1979, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1981)