Windsor Great Cave

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Windsor Great Cave
Map showing the location of Windsor Great Cave
Map showing the location of Windsor Great Cave
Location Trelawny Parish, Jamaica
Coordinates 18°21′03″N 77°38′51″W / 18.3509614°N 77.6475263°W / 18.3509614; -77.6475263Coordinates: 18°21′03″N 77°38′51″W / 18.3509614°N 77.6475263°W / 18.3509614; -77.6475263[1]
Depth 80 metres (260 ft)[1]
Length 2,980 metres (9,780 ft)[1]
Entrances 4[1]
List of
entrances
Main
Upper
Bamboo Bottom
Flood Rising[1]

Windsor Great Cave is a 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) long complex of linked caves in Trelawny Parish on the north coast of Jamaica. It is owned by the WWF (UK).[2]

Natural history[edit]

The caves contain a major bat roost that hosts 12 or so species including Mormoops blainvillii, Pteronotus parnellii, Glossophaga soricina, Artibeus jamaicensis and Ariteus flavescens.[1] Bat guano has been harvested from the caves for many years and this continues.[1]

Invertebrates include springtails of the species Troglopedetes jamaicanus, fungal gnats, troglobitic spiders (Nesticidae), larval Neodytomyia farri and the invasive roach Periplaneta americana.[1]

Stygobites include cave-adapted crabs of the species Sesarma verleyi, but note that the misnamed Sesarma windsor is not found here.[1]

Palaeoclimatic records[edit]

In the main bat roost there is a mound of guano over two metres high, directly under a particularly good roosting-spot.[1] The deeper strata of this deposit may record the climate of the island for periods that could extend back for thousands of years.[1]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Stewart, R S (2002–2005). "Windsor Cave Jamaica - Field Notes". Jamaican Caves Organisation. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  2. ^ "Windsor Cave". Windsor Research Centre. Retrieved 2009-09-18.