Windsor Terrace, Brooklyn

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Coordinates: 40°39′32″N 73°58′45″W / 40.658894°N 73.979058°W / 40.658894; -73.979058

Engine Company 240 Battalion 48 on Prospect Avenue in Windsor Terrace
The Windsor Terrace branch of the Brooklyn Public Library
The Episcopal Church of the Holy Apostles on Greenwood Avenue

Windsor Terrace is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is bounded by Prospect Park to the east and Green-Wood Cemetery, a National Historic Landmark, to the west. Its southern boundary is Caton Avenue, while to the north it is bordered by 8th Avenue. It is between the neighborhoods of Park Slope to the northeast and Kensington to the south.[1][2][3][4]

Description and history[edit]

Windsor Terrace straddles the line between the original Dutch Colonial Brooklyn towns of Brooklyn and Flatbush. This border lies approximately east-west along what has now become Terrace Place, with south Brooklyn located to the north in the direction of 11th Avenue, and the Town of Flatbush to the south, located in the direction of Seeley Street. The grid of old Brooklyn which is tilted at an angle, is adjacent to the Flatbush grid, which is roughly aligned with the cardinal directions, at this juncture. The only other still-extant nuances of this ancient Dutch boundary is the legacy of original Catholic Parish boundaries, which arebetween Holy Name and Immaculate Heart, and ZIP codes applied much later (11215 to the north and 11218 to the south, which run roughly along the same boundary). Otherwise, the two halves have peacefully and organically grown into the quiet enclave of Windsor Terrace over the past 160-odd years, which to this day maintains a small-town ambience with a sense of neighborliness rarely found in big cities.

The neighborhood is nine blocks wide.[5] The village of Windsor Terrace, developed by William Bell, was built and incorporated in 1851.[5]

Largely residential, Windsor Terrace is home to mainly Irish-, German-, Polish-, and Italian-American families, many having settled in its brick row houses and wood-frame houses when the neighborhood was first developed beginning in 1849, and throughout the first half of the Twentieth Century.

The overwhelming majority of residents—many of whom can trace their family histories in Windsor Terrace back four or five generations— were traditionally affiliated with either Holy Name Church and School on 9th Avenue (now known as Prospect Park West) or Immaculate Heart of Mary on Fort Hamilton Parkway in Windsor Terrace's southeasternmost reaches. Other smaller Protestant denominations have been neighborhood anchors as well, such as the Memorial Baptist Church at 16th Street and 8th Avenue, and Holy Apostles Episcopal on Greenwood Avenue. Over time, Windsor Terrace has become increasingly diverse, including Greek and Hispanic residents, in addition to a small minority of Syrians, Maronite Lebanese and Jewish-Americans (some of whom attend Chabad of Windsor Terrace).[6] More recently, an influx of Park Slope and Manhattan refugees seeking good family housing has pushed property prices up. The neighborhood public schools, P.S. 154 and P.S. 130, are well regarded.[7] They are some of the primary attractions of the neighborhood. Each school feature a number of special enrichment programs for students, such as chess and journalism. Both public schools received "A" grades in the 2010-11 New York City Department of Education Progress Reports.[8][9] A new, private school has opened in 2012, St Joseph the Worker Catholic Academy, a consolidation of Holy Name of Jesus and Immaculate Heart of Mary's elementary schools into Holy Name's existing infrastructure on 9th Avenue, offering Pre-K(3) to 8th Grade, including Honors Classes and after school programs.

Transportation[edit]

The subway arrived in 1933 with the building of the New York City Subway's IND Culver Line (F G trains), which includes the 15th Street – Prospect Park and Fort Hamilton Parkway stations.

Like elsewhere in Brooklyn, trolley service, operated by the Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Corporation, ran in the neighborhood well into the 1950s and early 60s as evidenced by the construction of Bishop Ford Central Catholic High School (situated between Greenwood Cemetery and the Prospect Expressway) in 1962 on the site of a former trolley barn built originally for the Brooklyn and Coney Island lines.

The Prospect Expressway, built between 1953 and 1962, runs through the middle of the neighborhood, effectively separating it into two halves. Some neighborhood streets, such as Greenwood Avenue and Vanderbilt Street, were bisected by the expressway and remain so, while others, such as Seeley Street, 11th Avenue/Terrace Place, and Prospect Park West, are bridged over the highway. Windsor Terrace is patrolled by the NYPD's 72nd Precinct.[10]

Kensington Stables[edit]

Kensington Stables

Kensington Stables is the only remaining stable near Prospect Park. The barn was built in 1930 as the last extension of the riding academy at 11 Ocean Parkway, 57 Caton Place (1917). The original riding academy closed in 1937 and is now a warehouse. Kensington Stables gives lessons in The Shoe in Prospect Park. Kensington Stables now exists on the Windsor Terrace side of the border between Kensington and Windsor Terrace.[11]

Notable residents[edit]

Windsor Terrace lays claim to several writers of note, including Pete Hamill and brother Denis Hamill. Paul Auster, perhaps Brooklyn's current favorite laureate, lives nearby. Isaac Asimov lived in Windsor Terrace when his father ran a small candy store on Windsor Place. It is believed Asimov wrote his famous short story Nightfall in his bedroom in the family home across the street.[12]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ NYPD Precinct Maps, Retrieved 2011-9-30
  2. ^ Brooklyn Community Boards Map, Retrieved 2011-9-30
  3. ^ NYC Department of City Planning Neighborhoods Map, Retrieved 2011-9-30
  4. ^ Jackson, Kenneth T. The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn, Second Edition, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004, pp. 212-214, ISBN 978-0-300-10310-6
  5. ^ a b Jackson, Kenneth T., and John B. Manbeck. The Neighborhoods of Brooklyn. New York: Citizens Committee for New York City, 1998. ISBN 0300103107
  6. ^ "Chabad Windsor Terrace"
  7. ^ Hemphill, Clara New York City’s Best Public Elementary Schools: A Parent’s Guide, Third Edition, Teacher’s College Press, 2005, ISBN 978-0-8077-4613-4
  8. ^ NYC Department of Education 2010-2011 Progress Report for P.S. 154, Retrieved 2011-9-30
  9. ^ NYC Department of Education 2010-2011 Progress Report for P.S. 130, Retrieved 2011-9-30
  10. ^ 72nd Precinct, NYPD
  11. ^ Per NYC.gov:
  12. ^ Asimov FAQ
  13. ^ Pesce, Nicole Lyn (July 2, 2012). "‘The Amazing Spider-Man’ brings the Big Apple to the big screen: From Broadway to Brooklyn". Daily News (New York City). Retrieved July 3, 2012.  Print edition: July 3, 2012, pp. 40-41

External links[edit]