Windsor Tower (Madrid)

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This article is about the tower in Madrid, Spain. For the building in Detroit, Michigan, United States, see Windsor Tower (Detroit).
Torre Windsor
Torre Windsor, Madrid 1208.JPG
General information
Status Destroyed
Type Office
Location C/Raimundo Fdez. Villaverde 65, Madrid, Spain
Coordinates 40°26′49″N 3°41′40″W / 40.44694°N 3.69444°W / 40.44694; -3.69444Coordinates: 40°26′49″N 3°41′40″W / 40.44694°N 3.69444°W / 40.44694; -3.69444
Construction started 1975
Completed 1979
Destroyed February 12, 2005
Owner Ason Inmobiliaria
Height
Roof 106 m (348 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 3 below, 29 above
Design and construction
Architect Gabinete Alas-Casariego
Windsor Tower on February 13, 2005

The Windsor Tower (Spanish: Torre Windsor) was built in 1979 in the financial center of Madrid, Spain. This office building was 106 m high and had 32 floors of which 29 were above ground level and 3 below, thus ranking it as the eighth tallest building in Madrid (and 23rd in Spain). It was gutted by a huge fire on February 12, 2005, and partially collapsed; it has since been demolished.

Characteristics of the building[edit]

The building, located at Calle Raimundo Fernández Villaverde 65, had a total area of 20,000 square meters and was one of the first modern towers in Madrid. The tower was designed in 1974 by a team of six important Spanish architects and was constructed between 1975 and 1979.

Its distinctive appearance was due to its elemental geometry, lacking composite elements. Its façade was completely covered by reflective glass-like panels that mirrored the sky of Madrid, diminishing its visual impact. The structure was divided into two halves by a technical floor without windows. It was a very solid building, with a central core of reinforced concrete that resisted the high temperatures of the fire without collapsing. The building did not have a fire sprinkler system. Sprinklers were being retrofitted, but they were not yet operable when the building was destroyed by fire. [1]

The fire[edit]

Around midnight, on Saturday, February 12, 2005, a fire was detected on the 21st floor. The fire spread quickly throughout the entire building, leading to the collapse of the outermost, steel parts of the upper floors; firefighters needed almost 24 hours to extinguish it. While seven firefighters were injured, nobody was killed in the fire, which was arguably the worst in Madrid's history.

The city council of Madrid covered the cost of demolishing the remains of the building, thought to be some EUR22 million (USD $32.5 million). Demolition was completed in August 2005, and a replacement called Torre Titania was built from 2007 to 2011.

Causes[edit]

It was initially thought that the fire was the result of an electrical fault, but some facts have since come to light suggesting that it may have been HTA arson:[citation needed]

  • Different amateur videotapes showed two figures in silhouette inside the blazing building more than two hours after it was supposedly evacuated. The figures appeared to be moving about eight floors below the core of the fire, at around 3:00 a.m. (02:00 GMT).
  • Other videos showed lights inside the skyscraper after electricity was thought to have gone out.
  • Police discovered that someone had forced a door that led into a Windsor Tower underground garage.[citation needed]

Replacement[edit]

Main article: Torre Titania

Work started in 2007 on a building to replace the tower, and continued until completion in the summer of 2011. The new building is 104 metres high with 23 floors and is known as Torre Titania.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Standing Committee on Structural Safety, "The Fire at Torre Windsor Office Building, Madrid 2005"

External links[edit]