Wine and Spirits Fair Dealing Act
The Wine and Spirits Fair Dealing Act, also known as the Wirtz Law was an infamous Illinois state law passed in 1999 that prevented distillers and wineries from changing distributors without "just cause". Distributors stated that the law was required to prevent producers from severing ties with Illinois distributors and "outsourcing" their deals, ostensibly resulting in thousands of job losses throughout the state. After the law was passed, all Illinois distributors raised their prices. The Federal Trade Commission actively lobbied against the law, to no avail.
The unofficial "Wirtz Law" name comes from the fact that the law was passed after Judge and Dolph distributor owner Bill Wirtz and other distributors contributed over $700,000 to Illinois state legislators. Editorials at the time decried the law as a "corrupt document".
The law, (and the related Beer Industry Fair Dealing Act which dated to 1982), resulted in a popular Michigan microbrewer, Bell's Brewery, pulling their products from the Illinois market entirely in protest. Ultimately the unpopular law only remained on the books for three years before it was struck down by a U.S. District Court judge who said that it violated the commerce clause of the Constitution. The law and its history went on to become a case study for campaign finance reform.
Bell's re-entered the Chicago market in 2007 via two new distributors by creating two new beer brands, Kalamazoo Royal Amber Ale and Kalamazoo Hopsoulution. Since each beer avoided the use of the "Bell's" name and logo, and used a different recipe from previous Bell's brands, Larry Bell contended that these are not the same beers that were assigned to his former distributor. Nevertheless, Bell stated at the time that he expected "to be sued by his former distributor, National Wine & Spirits." Initially, only the Royal Amber Ale was made available, in draft only, at about a dozen Chicago-area locations. In August 2008, Bell's returned its primary brands to the Chicago area in 2008 after National Wine & Spirits' exit from Illinois.
- Day, Nicholas (December 14, 2006). "Bye-Bye Bell's". Chicago Reader. Retrieved September 28, 2009. "Officially known as the Wine and Spirits Fair Dealing Act, it prevented wineries and distillers from leaving their distributors without just cause."
- Baker, Steven (March 31, 1999). "Letter to Dan Cronin, State Senator, 39th District". Federal Trade Commission website.
- Loerzel, Robert (2007-11-19). "Bell's beer is coming back to Chicago". Crain's Chicago Business.
- "Bell's Brouhaha: Beloved brewer returns to Chicago with a new beer". The Wall Street Journal. 2007-12-15.
- Klockars, Karl (2007-12-04). "Interview: Larry Bell, Bell's Brewery". Chicagoist.com. Retrieved 2007-12-16.
- Hughlett, Mike (2008-08-01). "Bell’s brings beer back to area". Chicago Tribune.