Winnebago County, Wisconsin
|Winnebago County, Wisconsin|
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
|• Total||579 sq mi (1,498.5 km2)|
|• Land||434 sq mi (1,125.3 km2)|
|• Water||144 sq mi (373.2 km2), 24.90%|
|• Density||384/sq mi (148.4/km²)|
Winnebago County is a county in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 166,994. Its county seat is Oshkosh. Winnebago County is included in the Oshkosh-Neenah, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county seat, Oshkosh, was incorporated as a city in 1853, when it already had a population of nearly 2,800.
In 1983 and 1984, the county became aware of severe child abuse against Joshua DeShaney but failed to intervene until his father had caused severe brain damage." The child's non-custodial mother then sued alleging a federal violation of the due process clause. In DeShaney v. Winnebago County, the county won when the US Supreme Court found that the Fourteenth Amendment's due process requirements only limited government action but did not compel it.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 578.6 square miles (1,498.5 km2), of which 434.5 square miles (1,125.3 km2) is land and 144.1 square miles (373.2 km2), or 24.90%, is water.
- Waupaca County - northwest
- Outagamie County - northeast
- Calumet County - east
- Fond du Lac County - south
- Green Lake County - southwest
- Waushara County - west
|WI Counties 1900-1990|
As of the census of 2000, there were 156,763 people, 61,157 households, and 39,568 families residing in the county. The population density was 357 per square mile (138 /km2). There were 64,721 housing units at an average density of 148 per square mile (57 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 94.92% White, 1.12% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 1.84% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 1.96% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 52.4% were of German, 6.2% Irish and 5.7% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.6% spoke English, 2.5% Spanish and 1.0% Hmong as their first language.
There were 61,157 households out of which 31.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.00% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.30% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.99.
By age, 23.80% of the population was under 18, 11.80% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% were 65 or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.80 males.
Winnebago County is governed by the 36-member Winnebago County Board of Supervisors. Supervisors are elected to the board in a nonpartisan election held the first Tuesday of April in even numbered years and serve two-year terms. The board has several committees. It meets on the third Tuesday of each month at the Winnebago County Courthouse in Oshkosh.
The chairperson of the Winnebago County Board of Supervisors is District 11 Supervisor David Albrecht and the current vice-chairperson is District 32 Supervisor Patrick Brennand.
Meeting minutes are taken and managed by Susan T. Ertmer, the elected County Clerk of Winnebago County and a member of the Republican Party.
Cities, villages, and towns
- Adella Beach
- Black Wolf
- Black Wolf Point
- Butte des Morts
- Clarks Point
- Decorah Beach
- Fairview Beach
- Harbor Springs
- Highland Shore
- Indian Shores
- Island Park
- Lasleys Point
- Leonards Point
- Little Point
- Medina Junction
- Melrose Park
- Metz (partial)
- Nichols Shore Acres
- Plummer Point
- Point Comfort
- Ricker Bay
- Rush Lake
- Shangri La Point
- Sunrise Bay
- Waverly Beach (partial)
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Winnebago County, Wisconsin". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 30, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- History of Oshkosh, Wisconsin
- Supreme Court Syllabus, Opinion, and Dissents
- Southern Methodist University Law School case brief
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Winnebago County official website
- Commemorative Biographical Record of the Fox River Valley Counties of Brown, Outagamie and Winnebago