December 15, 1902|
|Died||July 21, 2000
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1930–1954|
|Commands held||Director of the United States Navy Nurse Corps, 1950-1954|
|Battles/wars||World War II
|Awards||American Defense Service Medal with Base Clasp
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal
Winnie Gibson was the second director of the United States Navy Nurse Corps, serving in that position from 1950 to 1954.
After joining the United States Navy Nurse Corps in 1930, she served at Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Naval Hospital, New York City. In January 1934, she attended the School of Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia for instruction in anesthesia. In May 1934 she was assigned as Operating Room Supervisor and Anesthetist at Naval Hospital, New York City, and was subsequently assigned to the same duties at Quantico, Virginia. In 1937, she was assigned to the USS Relief (AH-1). After her tour in the Relief, she was assigned as Anesthetist at Naval Hospital, Mare Island, California, and then as Anesthetist and Operating Room Supervisor at Naval Hospital, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. She was at Naval Hospital, Pearl Harbor, on 7 December 1941. In following tours, she was assigned as Chief Nurse at the Naval Hospitals in Jacksonville, Florida; Annapolis, Maryland; and Houston, Texas.
During the Korean War, CAPT Gibson presided over a Nurse Corps that was required to involuntarily recall Reserve nurses at the rate of 125 per week and "freeze" those on active duty.
She retired from active duty on 1 May 1954.
Graduated Seton Hospital, Austin, Texas, in May 1923
- "Winnie Gibson Palmer DeWitt", Navy Medicine 2001, 1:26.
- "MILITARY SERVICES SEEK MORE NURSES; At Convention, Heads of Army, Navy and Air Units Call on Young Women to Join", Washington Post, June 24, 1953.
- "Heads Navy Nurses", Stars and Stripes, 11 Feb 1950.
- Sterner, Doris M. (1997). In and Out of Harm's Way: A history of the U.S. Navy Nurse Corps. Seattle, WA: Peanut Butter Publishing. ISBN 0-89716-706-6.
- Ebbert, Jean and Marie-Beth Hall (1999). Crossed Currents: Navy Women from WWI to Tailhook [Revised]. Washington, D.C.: Brassey's. ISBN 978-1-57488-193-6.
- Godson, Susan H. (2001). Serving Proudly: A history of Women in the U.S. Navy. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-317-6. Fact filled, extensively researched account of the evolution of the roles of women in the United States Navy, treating the parallel and entertwined paths of the Navy Nurse Corps and the WAVES. About one-third of the pages are devoted to notes and bibliography.
- Nurses and the U.S. Navy -- Overview and Special Image Selection Naval Historical Center
Nellie Jane DeWitt
|Director, Navy Nurse Corps
Wilma Leona Jackson