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The Winnipeg Declaration (sometimes referred to as the Winnipeg Manifesto) was the programme adopted by the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) in Canada to replace the Regina Manifesto. Its full name is the "1956 Winnipeg Declaration of Principles of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation" and it was adopted at the party's national convention held that year in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
Evolution of the party
The declaration reflected the evolution of the party from socialism to a more moderate form of social democracy and Keynesian economics since its founding during the Great Depression. It also reflected the increased pragmatism that coloured the party since taking power in the province of Saskatchewan. The anti-communist mood of the Cold War also caused the CCF to seek to moderate its stance. CCF federal vice-president and future New Democratic Party leader David Lewis was instrumental in drafting the document and having it approved.
From nationalization to mixed economy
Where the Regina Manifesto called for a socialist economy in which major sectors of the economy would be nationalized and placed under public control, the Winnipeg Declaration called for a mixed economy in which "there will be an important role for public, private and co-operative enterprise working together in the people's interest". The declaration also moderated earlier demands for a planned economy and where the Regina Manifesto declared that the CCF would not rest until capitalism was "eradicated" the 1956 declaration affirmed that "The CCF will not rest content until every person in this land and in all other lands is able to enjoy equality and freedom, a sense of human dignity, and an opportunity to live a rich and meaningful life as a citizen of a free and peaceful world."