The Winnipeg Grenadiers
|This article relies on references to primary sources. (April 2014)|
|The Winnipeg Grenadiers|
The cap badge of the Winnipeg Grenadiers
|Active||1 April 1908 – 28 February 1965|
|Part of||Royal Canadian Infantry Corps|
|Garrison/HQ||Minto Armoury, Winnipeg, Man.|
|Engagements||Battle of Hong Kong|
|Battle honours||See Battle honours (below)|
The Winnipeg Grenadiers was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army formed on 1 April 1908 under General Order No. 20. Initially it was raised with headquarters at Morden, Manitoba and companies at: ‘A’ Company at Morden, ‘B’ Company at Morden, ‘C’ Company at Manitou, ‘D’ Company at Carman,‘E’ Company at Roland, 'F’ Company at Pilot Mound, ‘G’ Company at Cartwright and ‘H’ Company at Boissevain. The unit did not have any active personnel enrolled at the formation.
On 1 February 1910 all companies and headquarters were moved to Winnipeg. On 2 May 1910 the designation was changed to the 100th Winnipeg Grenadiers. The first officers were gazetted to the regiment on 18 May 1910. Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Norlande Ruttan who came from the Retired List commanded the regiment on organization (General Order No. 57 (HQ 32-1-107)). The regiment was reorganized under General Order No. 120 (1915) on 1 October 1915 to an establishment with four companies.
The Winnipeg Grenadiers originated in Morden, Manitoba on 1 April 1908, as the 100th Regiment. It was redesignated the 100th "Winnipeg Grenadiers" on 2 May 1910 and The Winnipeg Grenadiers on 12 March 1920. On 16 November 1936, it was amalgamated with the 10th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC and redesignated The Winnipeg Grenadiers (Machine Gun). It was redesignated the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Winnipeg Grenadiers (Machine Gun) on 7 November 1940, the 2nd (Reserve) Battalion, The Winnipeg Grenadiers on 15 March 1941 and The Winnipeg Grenadiers on 28 January 1946. It was reduced to nil strength and transferred to the Supplementary Order of Battle on 28 February 1965.
The 10th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC originated in Winnipeg, Manitoba on 1 June 1919, as the 10th Machine Gun Brigade, CMGC. It was redesignated the 10th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC on 15 September 1924. On 16 November 1936, it was amalgamated with The Winnipeg Grenadiers. The perpetuation of the 10th Machine Gun Battalion, CMGC (1919-1936) was assigned to The Winnipeg Grenadiers (Machine Gun).
|1910||100th "Winnipeg Grenadiers"|
|1914||11th Bn, CEF|
|1915||11th Reserve Inf. Bn, CEF||78th "Overseas" Bn, CEF||100th "Overseas" Bn, CEF|
|1919||10th MG Bde, CMGC|
|1920||Disbanded||The Winnipeg Grenadiers|
|1924||10th MG Bn, CMGC|
|1936||The Winnipeg Grenadiers (MG)|
|1939||The Winnipeg Grenadiers (MG), CASF|
|1940||1st Bn, The Winnipeg Grenadiers (MG), CASF||2nd (Reserve) Bn, The Winnipeg Grenadiers (MG)|
|1941||1st Bn, The Winnipeg Grenadiers, CASF||2nd (Reserve) Bn, The Winnipeg Grenadiers|
|1944||3rd Canadian Inf. Training Bn, Type A (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CASF|
|1945||No. 10 Canadian Repatriation Depot, Type "T"|
|1946||Disbanded||The Winnipeg Grenadiers|
|1965||Supplementary Order of Battle|
|CASF||Canadian Active Service Force|
|CEF||Canadian Expeditionary Force|
|CMGC||Canadian Machine Gun Corps|
The Great War
Details from the 100th Winnipeg Grenadiers were placed on active service on 6 August 1914 for local protection duties.
The 11th Battalion, CEF was authorized on 10 August 1914 and embarked for Great Britain on 30 September 1914, where it was redesignated as the 11th Reserve Infantry Battalion, CEF, on 29 April 1915, to provide reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field. On 4 January 1917, its personnel, along with the personnel of the 100th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF, were absorbed by a new 11th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 12 October 1917.
The 78th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF, was authorized on 10 July 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 20 May 1916, disembarking in France on 13 August 1916, where it fought as part of the 12th Brigade, 4th Canadian Division in France and Flanders until the end of the war. The battalion was disbanded on 15 September 1920.
The 100th Battalion (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CEF, was authorized on 22 December 1915 and embarked for Great Britain on 18 September 1916, where it provided reinforcements to the Canadian Corps in the field until 20 January 1917, when its personnel were absorbed by the 11th Reserve Battalion, CEF. The battalion was disbanded on 1 September 1917.
Ethelbert "Curley" Christian" (-March 15, 1954) of the 78th Battalion, Winnipeg Grenadiers was wounded at the Battle of Vimy Ridge and was the only quadruple amputee of either World War to survive.
Second World War
The regiment mobilized The Winnipeg Grenadiers (Machine Gun), CASF, on 1 September 1939. It was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, The Winnipeg Grenadiers (Machine Gun), CASF, on 7 November 1940, and as the 1st Battalion, The Winnipeg Grenadiers, CASF, on 15 March 1941. It served in Jamaica and Bermuda on garrison duty from May 1940 to October 1941. On 27 October 1941 it embarked for Hong Kong, where it was destroyed while fighting in defence of the colony during the Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941).
Company Sergeant-Major John Robert Osborn, VC (January 2, 1899 – December 19, 1941) was a 42-year-old Warrant Officer Second Class, and the CSM of A Company. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in the fighting for Hong Kong on 19 December 1941.
His Victoria Cross citation reads, in part: "The enemy threw a grenade which landed in a position where it was impossible to pick it up and return it in time. Shouting a warning to his comrades this gallant Warrant Officer threw himself on the grenade which exploded killing him instantly. His self-sacrifice undoubtedly saved the lives of many others.
Company Sergeant-Major Osborn was an inspiring example to all throughout the defence which he assisted so magnificently in maintaining against an overwhelming enemy force for over eight and a half hours and in his death he displayed the highest quality of heroism and self-sacrifice."
The 1st Battalion was reconstituted on 10 January 1942. It served in Canada in a home defence role as part of the Prince Rupert Defences, 8th Canadian Division and took part in the expedition to Kiska, Alaska as a component of the 13th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group, serving there from 16 August 1943 to 22 December 1943. It embarked for Great Britain on 25 May 1944, where on 1 November 1944, it was absorbed by the 3rd Canadian Infantry Training Battalion, CASF, and designated as the 3rd Canadian Infantry Training Battalion, Type A (Winnipeg Grenadiers), CASF. On 5 July 1945, it was converted and redesignated the No. 10 Canadian Repatriation Depot, Type "T". The depot was disbanded on 28 January 1946.
Those battle honours in bold type are emblazoned on the regiment's colours.
The Great War
- Ypres, 1915, '17
- Festubert, 1915
- Mount Sorrel
- Somme, 1916
- Ancre Heights
- Ancre, 1916
- Arras, 1917, '18
- Vimy, 1917
- Hill 70
- Scarpe, 1918
- Hindenburg Line
- Canal du Nord
- France and Flanders, 1915–18
The Second World War
The cadet corps was originally formed on 15 February 1917 and named 526 100th Grenadiers Cadet Corps (Militia Order No. 118, 30 April 1917). It was disbanded 13 November 1931 (Militia Order No. 512, 25 November 1931). Its affiliation was 100th Winnipeg Grenadiers.
In 1946 members of the Regiment through the Grenadiers Winnipeg Incorporated took the steps to reform the Cadet Corps. On 1 October 1946 the cadet corps was authorized under the title 526 The Winnipeg Grenadiers Cadet Corps (Canadian Army Order 110-4, Issue No. 12, 1946). The Cadet Corps parades at Minto Armoury in Winnipeg, Canada. The cadet corps in 2012 is still up and running strong.
On 15 August 1914, an alliance was authorized with the Prince of Wales Leinster Regiment (Royal Canadians). This Regiment, raised in Canada in 1858 as the 100th (or Prince of Wales Royal Canadian) Regiment of Foot, was disbanded (with four other Irish regiments) in July 1922 as a consequence of the division of Ireland. The Regiment's present alliance, which dates from 6 November 1933, is The Scots Guards, Brigade of Guards, British Army.
- Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.