Winnsboro, South Carolina
|Winnsboro, South Carolina|
|• Total||3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)|
|• Land||3.2 sq mi (8.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||535 ft (163 m)|
|• Density||1,109.6/sq mi (428.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1251474|
Winnsboro is a town in Fairfield County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 3,599 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Fairfield County. Winnsboro is part of the Columbia, South Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Several years before the Revolution, Richard Winn from Virginia moved to what is now called Fairfield County. His lands covered the present site of Winnsboro, and as early as 1777 the settlement was known as "Winnsborough".
The village was laid out and chartered in 1785 upon petition of Richard Winn, John Winn and John Vanderhorst. John, Richard, and Minor Winn all served in the Revolutionary War. Richard was a general and he is said to have fought in more battles than any Whig in South Carolina. John was a colonel. See Fairfield County, South Carolina for more.
The traditional blues song Winnsboro Cotton Mill Blues was written about working in a cotton mill in Winnsboro; the song has been sung by Lead Belly, Pete Seeger, and other artists and was reworked by modernist composer/pianist Frederic Rzewski.
Winnsboro is located at .(34.377069, -81.087959)
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,564 people, 1,454 households, and 984 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,109.6 people per square mile (428.9/km²). There were 1,597 housing units at an average density of 492.4 per square mile (190.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 40.29% White, 58.46% African American, 0.31% Asian, 0.33% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.31% of the population.
There were 1,454 households out of which 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.7% were married couples living together, 25.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the town the population was spread out with 27.8% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 80.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 75.1 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $25,094, and the median income for a family was $29,550. Males had a median income of $29,275 versus $18,925 for females. The per capita income for the town was $14,135. About 23.6% of families and 24.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.
- D. Wyatt Aiken (1828–1887), U.S. Congressman from South Carolina.
- Mike Anderson, Baltimore Ravens running back, formerly of the Denver Broncos where he was named NFL Offensive Rookie of the Year for the 2000 season.
- Webster Anderson (1933 – 2003), U.S. Army soldier and recipient of America's highest military decoration, the Congressional Medal of Honor, for his actions in the Vietnam War.
- John Bratton, Confederate general during the American Civil War; U.S. Representative from South Carolina.
- Walter B. Brown, former vice-president of Southern Railway (now Norfolk Southern); political figure in South Carolina legislative government.
- William Porcher DuBose, priest, theologian, educator in the Episcopal Church, and Civil War Veteran.
- William Ellison, freed slave born on a plantation near Winnsboro; became a major planter, property owner, and slave owner.
- Gordon Glisson, champion thoroughbred horse racing jockey.
- Justin Hobgood, NASCAR driver.
- Ellis Johnson, college football coach.
- James G. Martin, 70th Governor of North Carolina from 1985-1993.
- John Hugh Means, 64th Governor of South Carolina from 1850–1852; signed South Carolina Ordinance of Secession in 1860; killed at Second Battle of Manassas during Civil War.
- James Francis Miller, politician who represented Texas in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1883-1886.
- Kelly Miller, African American mathematician, sociologist, essayist, newspaper columnist, and author.
- James Milling, professional football player.
- Thomas J. Robertson, U.S. Senator from South Carolina.
- Orlando Ruff, defensive lineman for the New Orleans Saints.
- Alex Sanders, former Court of Appeals Judge, Lt. Governor Candidate, College of Charleston President, and Democratic U.S. Senate Candidate; resides in Charleston; related to Thomas family of Ridgeway.
- Miriam Stevenson, 1954 Miss USA and Miss Universe winner; first to hold both titles.
- Tyler Thigpen, Buffalo Bills quarterback.
- Joseph A. Woodward, U.S. Representative from South Carolina; son of William Woodward.
- General Oscar William Brice, four star general
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Watson, Dylan (August 2, 2011). "Freedom Rides Again". Gambit.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
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