Winster

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Winster
Winster 028530 9c349def.jpg
The Market House, Winster in 2005 during the village’s Secret Gardens event
Winster is located in Derbyshire
Winster
Winster
 Winster shown within Derbyshire
Population 633 
OS grid reference SK241605
District Derbyshire Dales
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MATLOCK
Postcode district DE4 2
Dialling code 01629 [65xxxx]
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Derbyshire Dales
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Coordinates: 53°08′31″N 1°38′24″W / 53.1419°N 1.6399°W / 53.1419; -1.6399

Winster is a village in the English Derbyshire Dales about 5 miles (8 km) from Matlock and 6 miles (10 km) from Bakewell at an altitude of approximately 820 feet (250 m). It was formerly a centre for the lead mining industry. The village, which lies within the Peak District National Park, has a large number of listed buildings, including the Market House open daily as a National Trust information point. Its current population is about 630; the village has a primary school, three churches, two pubs and a village shop (owned by the community) which includes a post office. Winster was mentioned in the Domesday Book in 1086 when it was owned by Henry de Ferrers.[1]

A workhouse at Bank Top (grid reference SK239602) was opened in 1744. It had a rule that forbade any relief outside of the workhouse. By the 1770s it could house 40 inmates.[2]

Winster Market House was the National Trust's first property in the Peak District and was acquired in 1906.

Winster Wakes[edit]

The Winster King and Queen tour with the Morris men

Winster's parish church is the Church of St John the Baptist, and a week-long annual carnival called Winster Wakes starts on the first Sunday on or after 24 June (the patronal day of St John the Baptist). Main Street is closed briefly on the Sunday for the Wakes Parade, and for much of the following Saturday afternoon, when there are stalls and entertainment (including Morris Dancing) in the street.

Site of one of the last duels in England[edit]

In May 1821 a young surgeon, William Cuddie, was killed in one of the last duels to take place in England. Cuddie was aged 31 and had fallen in love with Mary, the daughter of the wealthy Brittlebank family of Oddo House. For some reason one of her brothers, William Brittlebank, tried to keep them apart. One evening the two men quarrelled. The doctor later received a note asking:

Cuddie refused to reply to the letter and the following afternoon the three Brittlebank brothers turned up in his garden with two loaded pistols. Cuddie reluctantly accepted one of the weapons. William Brittlebank walked 15 yards (14 m) away, turned and fired. Two shots were heard but only Cuddie was hit. He died a few hours later.

Two of the Brittlebanks were tried in Derby to be found not guilty of murder, while their brother William fled to Australia with a £100 reward on his head, never to return to England.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.745
  2. ^ Higginbotham, P. (2007), Workhouses of the Midlands, Tempus, Stroud. Page 26. ISBN 978-0-7524-4488-8

External links[edit]

Media related to Winster, Derbyshire at Wikimedia Commons