Winston Churchill (1940–2010)
|Winston Spencer Churchill in 1997|
|Member of Parliament
9 June 1983 – 1 May 1997
|Preceded by||New constituency|
|Succeeded by||Constituency abolished|
|Member of Parliament
18 June 1970 – 9 June 1983
|Preceded by||Ernest Arthur Davies|
|Succeeded by||Tony Lloyd|
10 October 1940
|Died||2 March 2010
|Spouse(s)||Minnie Caroline d'Erlanger (m. 1964–97)
Luce Danielson (m. 1997–2010)
|Relations||Winston Churchill (grandfather)
Randolph Churchill (father)
Arabella Churchill (half-sister)
|Children||2 sons, 2 daughters|
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Winston Spencer-Churchill (10 October 1940 – 2 March 2010), generally known as Winston Churchill,[nb 1] was a British Conservative Party politician and a grandson of former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, his namesake.
Before becoming a Member of Parliament, he was a journalist, notably in the Middle East during the Six Day War, during which time he met numerous Israeli politicians, including Moshe Dayan, and published a book recounting the war.
Churchill's first attempt to enter Parliament was at the Manchester Gorton by-election in 1967. In spite of the unpopularity of the incumbent Labour Government, he was unsuccessful. Churchill became Member of Parliament for the constituency of Stretford, near Manchester, from 1970 until the 1983 general election. Boundary changes which took effect at that election made his seat more marginal (it was subsequently taken by the Labour Party), and he transferred to the nearby Davyhulme constituency, which he represented until the seat was abolished for the 1997 general election. Although well known by virtue of his family history, he never achieved high office and remained a backbencher. His cousin Nicholas Soames is also a serving Conservative MP.
During his time as a Member of Parliament, Churchill visited Beijing with a delegation of other MPs, including Clement Freud, a grandson of the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud. Freud asked why Churchill was given the best room in the hotel and was told it was because Churchill was a grandson of Britain's most illustrious Prime Minister. Freud responded by saying it was the first time in his life that he had been "out-grandfathered".
He also was the subject of controversy in 1995 when he and his family sold a large archive of his grandfather's papers for £12.5m to Churchill College, Cambridge. The purchase was funded by a grant from the newly established National Lottery.
After leaving Parliament, Churchill was a sought-after speaker on the lecture circuit and wrote many articles in support of the Iraq War and the fight against Islamic terrorism. He also edited a compilation of his grandfather's famous speeches entitled Never Give In. In 2007 he acted as a spokesman for the pressure group UK National Defence Association. He was also involved with the National Benevolent Fund for the Aged, as trustee from 1974 and chair from 1995 to 2010.
Churchill was the son of Randolph Churchill (1911–1968), the only son of Sir Winston Churchill, and of Randolph's wife Pamela Digby (1920–1997), later to become famous as Pamela Harriman. His parents divorced in 1945. His father married June Osborne: their daughter was Arabella Churchill (1949–2007).
Churchill's first marriage, in July 1964, was to Minnie Caroline d'Erlanger, the daughter of the banker Sir Gerard John Regis d'Erlanger and granddaughter of Baron Emile Beaumont d'Erlanger. The couple had four children:
- Randolph Leonard Spencer-Churchill (born 1965)
- Jennie Spencer-Churchill (born 1966)
- Marina Spencer-Churchill (born 1967)
- John Gerard Averell "Jack" Spencer-Churchill (born 1975)
Churchill's second marriage, to Luce Danielson, a Belgian-born jewellery maker, lasted from 1997 until his death. His mother's will shared his inheritance with his first wife.
|Ancestors of Winston Churchill (1940–2010)|
- First Journey, 1964
- Six Day War, 1967
- Defending the West, 1981
- Memories and Adventures, 1989
- His Father's Son, 1996
- The Great Republic, editor, 1999
- Never Give In!: The Best of Winston Churchill's Speeches, editor, 2003
- Churchill's legal surname was Spencer-Churchill: his ancestor George Spencer changed his name to Spencer-Churchill when he became the 5th Duke of Marlborough, but starting with his great-grandfather, Lord Randolph Churchill, his branch of the Spencer-Churchill family has used the name Churchill only in its public life.
- "Winston Churchill: Tory MP who never emerged from his grandfather's shadow". The Independent (London). 3 March 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
- Clement Freud (2007-04-14). "Some questions of interpretation". London: The Times. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- "MP Winston Churchill, grandson of former PM, dies". BBC News. 2 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-02.
- "Winston Churchill" (PDF). Newsletter. National Benevolent Fund for the Aged. Summer 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2011.
- "Winston Churchill, WWII leader's grandson, dies". London: Guardian. 23 January 2008. Retrieved 2010-05-28.
- "Former Tory MP Winston Churchill dies". London: The Daily Telegraph. 2 March 2010.
- Minnie d'Erlanger Married in London, New York Times, 16 July 1964
- During the period of his prominence as a public figure, he was invariably referred to as Winston Churchill MP, in order to instantly distinguish the living Winston Churchill from the late Prime Minister.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Winston Churchill
- "My Grandfather Invented Iraq" by Winston Churchill, from Opinion Journal
- "Churchill on Islamic Fundamentalism"
- "Grandson gathers 'the best' of Winston Churchill's speeches in new book"
- Winston Churchill at the Internet Movie Database
- Booknotes interview with Churchill on The Great Republic: A History of America, November 28, 1999.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Stretford
|New constituency||Member of Parliament for Davyhulme