Winston County, Alabama
|Winston County, Alabama|
Winston County courthouse in Double Springs, Alabama
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 12, 1850|
|• Total||631.86 sq mi (1,637 km2)|
|• Land||614.44 sq mi (1,591 km2)|
|• Water||17.42 sq mi (45 km2), (2.76%)|
|• Density||40/sq mi (15/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Winston County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama, formerly known as Hancock County before 1858. Its name is in honor of John A. Winston, the 15th Governor of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,484. Its county seat is Double Springs.
Winston County was established under the name Hancock County on February 12, 1850, from territory formerly in Walker County. It was originally named for John Hancock, Governor of Massachusetts and famous signer of the American Declaration of Independence, with its county seat at Houston. On January 22, 1858, the county was renamed Winston County to honor Alabama Gov. John A. Winston.
During the American Civil War, Winston County gained attention for its opposition to secession, a sentiment so strong that the county is sometimes referred to as the Republic of Winston. The county today plays on its reputation as the "Free State of Winston" to attract tourists. The county's opposition to the Confederacy is briefly mentioned in the novels To Kill a Mockingbird and Addie Pray. Tap Roots, a 1948 movie based on a novel, presents a highly fictionalized and inaccurate version of Winston County's Civil War history.
National Register of Historic Places
Winston County has four sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These include Archeological Site No. 1WI50, Feldman's Department Store, the Houston Jail, and the Winston County Courthouse.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 631.86 square miles (1,636.5 km2), of which 614.44 square miles (1,591.4 km2) (or 97.24%) is land and 17.42 square miles (45.1 km2) (or 2.76%) is water.
- Lawrence County (north)
- Cullman County (east)
- Walker County (south)
- Marion County (west)
- Franklin County (northwest)
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 24,843 people, 10,107 households, and 7,287 families residing in the county. The population density was 40 people per square mile (16/km2). There were 12,502 housing units at an average density of 20 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.32% White, 0.038% Black or African American, 0.46% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Nearly 1.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 10,107 households, out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.6% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. Nearly 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43, and the average family size was 2.89.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,435, and the median income for a family was $32,628. Males had a median income of $26,206 versus $17,760 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,738. 17.1% of the population and 12.9% of families were below the poverty line. 21.8% of those under the age of 18 and 23% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
In keeping with its history from the American Civil War, Winston County was for many years an island of Republican Party voting in an otherwise heavily Democratic Party state. In 1912 Winston County joined three other Alabama counties in voting for the Bull Moose Party candidacy of Theodore Roosevelt.
Cities and towns
- Double Springs
- Haleyville (part - part of Haleyville is in Marion County)
- Natural Bridge
- Nauvoo (part - part of Nauvoo is in Walker County)
- South Haleyville (poverty line community in western Haleyville)
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Winston County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Winston County, Alabama
- "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Winston.
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
- Owen, Thomas McAdory. History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1921
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- In 1936, for example, Winston County was alone in Alabama in voting for the Republican Presidential ticket. See 1936 election map by county.
- 1912 election map by county.
- Winston County is covered by the Northwest Alabamian Newspaper.
- Winston County map of roads/towns (map © 2007 Univ. of Alabama).
- Winston County, Alabama: The Free State of Winston 
- Winston County article in the Encyclopedia of Alabama
||Franklin County||Lawrence County|
|Marion County||Cullman County|