List of residences of Presidents of the United States

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Jefferson's beloved Monticello appears on the back of the U.S. nickel.
George Washington's Mount Vernon home
Richard Nixon's La Casa Pacifica home
George H. W. Bush's Walker's Point
The Kennedy compound in Hyannisport, Massachusetts

This is a list of the private homes or vacation residences of the various Presidents of the United States. It does not include official residences (the White House, Camp David, or the former President's House in Philadelphia).

Private homes of the Presidents[edit]

This is a list of homes where Presidents resided with their families before or after their term of office.

Order President Location
1 George Washington Mount Vernon, Mount Vernon, Virginia
2 John Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts
3 Thomas Jefferson Monticello, Charlottesville, Virginia
4 James Madison Montpelier, Orange, Virginia
5 James Monroe Ash Lawn-Highland, Charlottesville, Virginia and Oak Hill, Leesburg, Virginia
6 John Quincy Adams Peacefield, Quincy, Massachusetts
7 Andrew Jackson The Hermitage, Nashville, Tennessee
8 Martin Van Buren Lindenwald, Kinderhook, New York
9 William H. Harrison Berkeley Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia and Grouseland, Vincennes, Indiana
10 John Tyler Sherwood Forest Plantation, Charles City County, Virginia
11 James K. Polk James K. Polk Ancestral Home, Columbia, Tennessee
12 Zachary Taylor Springfield Plantation, Louisville, Kentucky
13 Millard Fillmore Fillmore House, East Aurora, New York
14 Franklin Pierce Franklin Pierce Homestead, Hillsborough, New Hampshire and Pierce Manse, Concord, New Hampshire
15 James Buchanan Wheatland, Lancaster, Pennsylvania
16 Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Home, Springfield, Illinois
17 Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson Home, Greeneville, Tennessee
18 Ulysses S. Grant Ulysses S. Grant Home, Galena, Illinois; Grant's Farm, St. Louis, Missouri
19 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove, Fremont, Ohio
20 James A. Garfield Lawnfield, Mentor, Ohio
21 Chester A. Arthur Chester A. Arthur Home, New York, New York
22/24 Grover Cleveland Westland Mansion, Princeton, New Jersey
23 Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Harrison Home, Indianapolis, Indiana
25 William McKinley William McKinley Home, Canton, Ohio
26 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill, Oyster Bay, New York
27 William Taft William Howard Taft National Historic Site, Cincinnati, Ohio
28 Woodrow Wilson Woodrow Wilson House, Washington, D.C; Woodrow Wilson Birthplace, Staunton, Virginia, Princeton, New Jersey
29 Warren G. Harding Warren G. Harding House, Marion, Ohio
30 Calvin Coolidge "The Beeches", Northampton, Massachusetts and Calvin Coolidge House, Northampton, Massachusetts
31 Herbert Hoover Forest Hills, Washington, D.C.; Herbert Hoover National Historic Site, West Branch, Iowa and Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House, Stanford, California
32 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood, Hyde Park, New York
33 Harry S. Truman Truman Home, Independence, Missouri
34 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Farm, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
35 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound at Hyannisport, Hyannis, Massachusetts
36 Lyndon B. Johnson Johnson Ranch, Johnson City, Texas
37 Richard M. Nixon La Casa Pacifica, San Clemente, California, Florida White House, Key Biscayne, Florida, Saddle River, New Jersey
38 Gerald Ford Rancho Mirage, California and Vail, Colorado
39 Jimmy Carter Plains, Georgia
40 Ronald Reagan Rancho del Cielo, Santa Barbara County, California
41 George H. W. Bush Houston, Texas
Walker's Point, Kennebunkport, Maine
42 Bill Clinton Chappaqua, New York[1]
Washington, D.C[2][3]
43 George W. Bush Preston Hollow, Dallas
Prairie Chapel Ranch, Crawford, Texas
44 Barack Obama Kenwood, Chicago, Illinois

Presidential vacation homes[edit]

During their term of office, many Presidents have owned or leased vacation homes in various parts of the country, which are often called by journalists the "______ White House," depending on location or season.

Summer White House[edit]

A "Summer White House" is typically the name given to the regular vacation residence of the sitting President of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of Presidents and their guests.

Years President Property Name Location
1789–1797 George Washington Mount Vernon Alexandria, Virginia
1793–1794 George Washington Deshler-Morris House Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
1805–1808 Thomas Jefferson Poplar Forest Forest, Virginia
1853–1857 Franklin Pierce 48 Central Street[4] Andover, Massachusetts[5]
1857–1860 James Buchanan Bedford Springs Hotel Bedford, Pennsylvania
1862–1864 Abraham Lincoln Cottage at the Soldiers' Home Washington, D.C.
1869–1876 Ulysses S. Grant Yorkland Cape May, New Jersey
1877–1881 Rutherford B. Hayes Spiegel Grove Fremont, Ohio
1886–1888 Grover Cleveland Oak View Upon Red Top[6] Washington, D.C.
1887–1888 Grover Cleveland Wateridge Marion, Massachusetts
1889–1892 Benjamin Harrison Congress Hall Cape May, New Jersey
1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Grey Gables Bourne, Massachusetts
1893–1896 Grover Cleveland Woodley[6] Washington, D.C.
1897, 1899 William McKinley Hotel Champlain Plattsburgh, New York
1901–1908 Theodore Roosevelt Sagamore Hill Cove Neck, New York
1909–1912 William Howard Taft Woodbury Point Beverly, Massachusetts
1913–1915 Woodrow Wilson Harlakenden Cornish, New Hampshire
1916 Woodrow Wilson Shadow Lawn Long Branch, New Jersey
1924 Calvin Coolidge Coolidge Homestead Plymouth Notch, Vermont
1925 Calvin Coolidge White Court Swampscott, Massachusetts
1926 Calvin Coolidge White Pine Camp Paul Smiths, New York
1927 Calvin Coolidge Custer State Park Custer County, South Dakota (Black Hills)
1928 Calvin Coolidge Cedar Island Lodge Brule, Wisconsin
1929–1932 Herbert Hoover Lou Henry and Herbert Hoover House Palo Alto, California
1933–1939 Franklin D. Roosevelt Campobello Island
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Springwood Hyde Park, New York
1945–1951 Harry S. Truman Little White House Key West, Florida
1953–1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower Lowry Air Force Base Denver, Colorado
1956–1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower Commandant's Residence, Quarters Number One, Fort Adams Newport, Rhode Island
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Hammersmith Farm Newport, Rhode Island
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy Kennedy Compound Hyannis Port, Massachusetts
1964–1968 Lyndon B. Johnson LBJ Ranch Gillespie County, Texas
1969–1974 Richard Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida
1969–1974 Richard Nixon La Casa Pacifica San Clemente, California
1974–1977 Gerald Ford The Lodge Vail, Colorado
1974–1977 Gerald Ford Firestone Residence Palm Springs, California
1977–1980 Jimmy Carter Carter Compound Plains, Georgia
1981–1988 Ronald Reagan Rancho del Cielo Santa Barbara, California
1989–1992 George H. W. Bush Walker’s Point Kennebunkport, Maine
1993–2000 Bill Clinton Blue Heron Farm[7] Martha's Vineyard
1998–1999 Bill Clinton Georgica Pond East Hampton, New York
2001–2008 George W. Bush Prairie Chapel Ranch Crawford, Texas
2009–present Barack Obama Blue Heron Farm Martha's Vineyard

Winter White House[edit]

A "Winter White House" is typically the name given to the regular winter vacation residence of the standing President of the United States aside from Camp David, the mountain-based military camp in Frederick County, Maryland, used as a country retreat and for high-alert protection of the President and his guests.

Years President Property Name Location
1913–1914 Woodrow Wilson Pass Christian, Mississippi
19231 Warren G. Harding John Ringling Estate Bird Key, Florida
1928–1929 Calvin Coolidge Howard E. Coffin Estate Sapelo Island, Georgia
1933–1944 Franklin D. Roosevelt Little White House Warm Springs, Georgia
1946–1952 Harry S. Truman Harry S. Truman Little White House Key West, Florida
1953–1960 Dwight D. Eisenhower Eisenhower Cabin, Augusta National Golf Club Augusta, Georgia
1961–1963 John F. Kennedy La Guerida Palm Beach, Florida
1969–1974 Richard M. Nixon Florida White House Key Biscayne, Florida
2009–present Barack Obama Plantation Estate Kailua, Honolulu County, Hawaii

Western White House[edit]

President George W. Bush gives remarks on Hurricane Katrina and the Iraqi constitution from his Crawford, Texas ranch on Sunday August 28, 2005. The logo in the background was created by the Bush Administration in August 2001, and it was displayed at press briefings during Bush's stays at his ranch in Crawford. The sign reads:
THE WESTERN WHITE HOUSE
CRAWFORD, TEXAS

The Western White House is a term applied to additional residences of the President of the United States. It was used for the Crawford, Texas ranch of George W. Bush, known as Prairie Chapel Ranch, and the term has also been used by other chief executives for their homes, including Presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard M. Nixon and Ronald Reagan.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Roosevelt was also the first President to use the Catoctin Mountain Park, Maryland, facility later named Camp David (named after President Dwight D. Eisenhower's grandson). Camp David is sometimes known as the "Weekend White House". The model for Camp David is Herbert Hoover's retreat known as Rapidan Camp (Camp Hoover).

Dwight D. Eisenhower[edit]

Gettysburg[edit]

The first governmental spending on property improvements of private presidential residences was at Dwight Eisenhower’s Gettysburg farm, where the Secret Service added three guard posts to a fence.[8] Federal law now allows the president to designate a residence outside of the White House as his temporary offices,[9] so that federal money can be used to provide required facilities.[10]

Lyndon B. Johnson[edit]

Texas White House[edit]

During the Johnson administration, the LBJ Ranch on the Pedernales River in Texas served as the Western White House.[11] However, the Johnson home was, and still is referred to as the "Texas White House". The Johnson administration spent nearly 500 days (cumulative total) in residence at the LBJ Ranch at the Texas White House. President Johnson took the remote White House concept to a new level far surpassing the "Summer White House" idea.

Richard Nixon[edit]

California[edit]

Likewise, Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan often retreated to their California homes during their presidencies. Nixon went to La Casa Pacifica in San Clemente, California. This home was officially dubbed the Western White House, and substantial Federal funds were used to make security, communications, and real estate improvements.[8]

Florida[edit]

Nixon also had a home in Key Biscayne, Florida, which was known as the "Southern White House" or the Florida White House.[12]

Gerald Ford[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Gerald Ford conducted a considerable amount of the nation’s business from "The Lodge" in Vail, Colorado, which became known as the Western White House during his presidency.[13]

Ronald Reagan[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Ronald Reagan is the only Illinois born president to date. While he resided in several towns and homes in Illinois, Dixon is the town the Reagan family finally settled in when Ronald Reagan was only nine years old. His Boyhood Home at 816 S. Hennepin Avenue is preserved as it was when he resided there in 1920.

California[edit]

While Reagan spent nearly 1/8 of his presidency at his Rancho del Cielo in Santa Barbara County, California. Reagan also spent so much time at the Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles, that the press also dubbed the hotel the Western White House for a time.

Bill Clinton[edit]

Bill Clinton did not maintain a "Western White House" during his presidency (neither did he maintain a personal residence as Governor of Arkansas)[14] choosing instead to spend most of his vacations in borrowed homes on Martha's Vineyard. Before leaving office, he and his wife, Hillary Rodham Clinton, purchased a home in Chappaqua, New York.

George W. Bush[edit]

Texas[edit]
President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin at the Bush ranch in Crawford, Texas. The house was designed by professor David Heymann.

The most recent official Western White House was Prairie Chapel Ranch, the Crawford, Texas, home of George W. Bush. The Bush administration created a logo for the Western White House in August 2001. A sign with the logo had been hung in the press briefing area in Crawford at the start of each of Bush's August vacations; the blue oval sign bore the Seal of the President of the United States and read, "The Western White House / Crawford, Texas".[15][16] The daily press operations in Crawford were set up in the gymnasium of Crawford Middle School, several miles from the Bush ranch in unincorporated McLennan County near Coryell. The iconic ramshackle barn seen behind correspondents as they did their live reports is actually the school's maintenance shed, and had no connection to the Western White House.

Barack Obama[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Speculation that the Obama home in the Kenwood neighborhood in Chicago would be used as the Western White House during Barack Obama's presidency[17]proved false[citation needed] when on August 23, 2009, he arrived in Martha's Vineyard to spend the week near Chapaquiddick.

Hawaii[edit]

Additional speculation that Plantation Estate in the Kailua neighborhood of Honolulu, Hawaii will become the Western White House has emerged as President Obama vacationed there as President-Elect in 2008, and now having made trips during every December as President.[18][19][dated info]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

1.^ Harding died before he could vacation in Bird Key

References[edit]

  1. ^ Purchased 1999. The Clintons did not own a separate residence while in the White House and, before that, the Arkansas Governor's Mansion.
  2. ^ Purchased 2000. Dorothy Howell Rodham died there in 2011.
  3. ^ Danny Hakim (October 11, 2006). "New Resident at Clinton Home, And She Has a Familiar Name". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  4. ^ http://www.mhl.org/historicpreservation/detail.htm?ID=1049
  5. ^ http://wikimapia.org/10493236/Summer-White-House-of-President-Franklin-Pierce
  6. ^ a b http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=23
  7. ^ http://www.forbes.com/pictures/mhj45ffgg/blue-heron-farm-chilmark-ma-2/
  8. ^ a b Damon, Allan L. (June 1974). "Presidential Expenses". Volume 25, Issue 4. American Heritage Magazine. 
  9. ^ 31 C.F.R. 408.2(c)
  10. ^ "Around the Nation; Reagan designates ranch a 'Western White House'". The New York Times (Associate Press). 1981-02-05. 
  11. ^ "Texas Research Trip" (Website). The Hauenstein Center for Presidential Studies. Retrieved 2006-08-09. 
  12. ^ "Richard Nixon, Mortgagee". TIME Magazine. 1973-09-10. Retrieved 2006-08-25. 
  13. ^ Wyrick, Randy (2006-07-14). "Ford celebrates 93rd birthday in Vail". Vail Daily. 
  14. ^ "White House to move to Texas for a while". USA Today. 2001-08-03. 
  15. ^ "Pictures of the Week". Time. August 2001. Retrieved 2006-08-09. 
  16. ^ "Press Briefing by Scott McClellan" (Press release). The White House. 2001-08-09. 
  17. ^ Bellandi, Deanna (2008-12-14). "The New Kennebunkport: Obama To Retreat To Chicago During Breaks". Huffington Post. 
  18. ^ "Obama Chic: Oahu, the New Western White House?". Fox News. 2008-12-22. 
  19. ^ Baker, Peter (2009-12-27). "Taking Work Home (Even When Home Means Hawaii)". The New York Times. 

External links[edit]

  • PresidentialMuseums.com - Presidential museums, libraries, birthplaces, centers, and other notable places of historic importance.