|• Total||138.80 km2 (53.59 sq mi)|
|• Land||138.25 km2 (53.38 sq mi)|
|• Water||0.56 km2 (0.22 sq mi)|
|Population (1 January 2007)|
|• Density||211/km2 (550/sq mi)|
|Source: CBS, Statline.|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Winterswijk (Winterswiek, Wenters) is a town with a population of some 30,000 in the Achterhoek which lies in the most eastern part of the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. It was also known as Winethereswick, Winriswic or Wenterswic. Wic or the Anglo Saxon wich means the living place of a certain person. The person would likely have been called Wenether, Winitar or Winter.
Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Winterswijk, 2013.
Founded around 1000 AD it remained an isolated farming community until 1830 when the road from Borken to Zutphen via Winterswijk and Groenlo was built. Around 1840 many emigrated to America — Michigan in particular. After 1870 the town became a centre for textiles, such as spinning and weaving and indeed the Tricot fabriek employed a large proportion of the local population in its heyday. In 1878 the train line to Zutphen was built primarily for the textile industry, which was set up by Jan Willink. Some of the families such as the Willinks have lived there since 1284.
World War II Liberation
March 31, 1945 was the liberation day for Winterswijk during World War II. Before the city was liberated, there was a tank battle on 29 March in one of the townships called Woold, with sixty Sherman tanks. The 53rd Welsh Division was moving from Bocholt via Aalten to Winterswijk. The tank battle resulted in sixteen German and nine British soldiers losing their lives. On March 30, 1945 (Good Friday) around nine o'clock in the evening allied forces had a struggle just over five km south of Winterswijk. On March 31 the first allied troops finally reached the Slingestream near Winterswijk. March 31 is marked as the official day to remember the liberation of Winterswijk, despite of the fact that, in the late afternoon of March 30 parts of Miste and Woold were already liberated.
People born in Winterswijk
- John H. Corscot (1839-1926), mayor of Madison, Wisconsin
- Willem van Otterloo (1907 - 1978), conductor, cellist, composer
- Johanna Reiss (born 1932), novelist
- Bram Stemerdink (born 1936), politician (Minister of Defence 1976/77)
- Gerrit Komrij (born 1944), poet, writer
- Martijn Meerdink (born 1976), football player
- Jurgen Wevers (born 1979), football goalkeeper
- Pieter Bas Kwak (born 1983), cyberathlete
- Stef Dusseldorp (born 1989), racing driver
- Piet Mondriaan (1872-1944), painter, lived in Winterswijk from the age of 8 to 20.
- Liberation of Winterswijk, during World War II wenters.nu
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|Bocholt (DE-NW)||Rhede (DE-NW)||Borken (DE-NW)|