Winterswijk

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Winterswijk
Municipality
Skyline of Winterswijk
Flag of Winterswijk
Flag
Coat of arms of Winterswijk
Coat of arms
Location of Winterswijk
Coordinates: 51°58′N 06°43′E / 51.967°N 6.717°E / 51.967; 6.717Coordinates: 51°58′N 06°43′E / 51.967°N 6.717°E / 51.967; 6.717
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Area(2006)
 • Total 138.80 km2 (53.59 sq mi)
 • Land 138.25 km2 (53.38 sq mi)
 • Water 0.56 km2 (0.22 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 • Total 29,231
 • Density 211/km2 (550/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Winterswijk, church: de Jacobskerk

Winterswijk (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands.

Winterswijk (Winterswiek, Wenters) is a town with a population of some 30,000 in the Achterhoek which lies in the most eastern part of the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands. It was also known as Winethereswick, Winriswic or Wenterswic. Wic or the Anglo Saxon wich means the living place of a certain person. The person would likely have been called Wenether, Winitar or Winter.

Topography[edit]

Dutch Topographic map of the municipality of Winterswijk, 2013.

History[edit]

Founded around 1000 AD it remained an isolated farming community until 1830 when the road from Borken to Zutphen via Winterswijk and Groenlo was built. Around 1840 many emigrated to America — Michigan in particular. After 1870 the town became a centre for textiles, such as spinning and weaving and indeed the Tricot fabriek employed a large proportion of the local population in its heyday. In 1878 the train line to Zutphen was built primarily for the textile industry, which was set up by Jan Willink. Some of the families such as the Willinks have lived there since 1284.

World War II Liberation[edit]

March 31, 1945 was the liberation day for Winterswijk during World War II. Before the city was liberated, there was a tank battle on 30 March in one of the townships called Woold, with sixty Sherman tanks. The 53rd Welsh Division,and the 3rd British Infantry Division, were moving from Bocholt via Aalten to Winterswijk. The tank battle resulted in sixteen German and nine British soldiers losing their lives. On March 30, 1945 (Good Friday) around nine o'clock in the evening allied forces had a struggle just over five km south of Winterswijk. On March 31 the first allied troops finally reached the Slingestream near Winterswijk. March 31 is marked as the official day to remember the liberation of Winterswijk, despite of the fact that, in the late afternoon of March 30 parts of Miste and Woold were already liberated. After the liberation of Winterswijk they founded a Rest-Centre for British soldiers in the Sociëteit de Eendracht (Zonnebrink), where the British soldiers, who came from the front , could find some rest. The British front was moving in April 1945,in the northwest of Germany.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

Railway stations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liberation of Winterswijk, during World War II wenters.nu

External links[edit]