Winthrop M. Crane

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Winthrop Murray Crane)
Jump to: navigation, search
Winthrop Murray Crane
Winthrop Murray Crane.jpg
40th Governor of Massachusetts
In office
January 4, 1900 – January 8, 1903
Lieutenant John L. Bates
Preceded by Roger Wolcott
Succeeded by John L. Bates
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
October 12, 1904 – March 4, 1913
Appointed by John L. Bates
Preceded by George F. Hoar
Succeeded by John W. Weeks
37th Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
In office
1897–1900
Governor Roger Wolcott
Preceded by Roger Wolcott
Succeeded by John L. Bates
Personal details
Born (1853-04-23)April 23, 1853
Dalton, Massachusetts
Died October 2, 1920(1920-10-02) (aged 67)
Dalton, Massachusetts
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Mary Benner 1880-1884
Josephine Porter Boardman (1884-1920)
Children Winthrop Murray Crane II
Stephen Crane
Bruce Crane
Louise Crane

Winthrop Murray Crane (or just Murray Crane, April 23, 1853 – October 2, 1920) was a U.S. political figure and businessman. Born into the Dalton, Massachusetts family that owned the papermaking Crane & Co., he successfully expanded the company during the 1880s after securing an exclusive government contract to supply the paper for United States currency (a monopoly the company continues to hold). During the 1890s he became increasingly active in Republican Party politics. He served several times on the Republican National Committee, and was elected Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts 1896-99 and Governor of Massachusetts 1900-03. In 1904 he was appointed by his successor John L. Bates to fill a vacated United States Senate seat, which he held until 1913.

Crane was an advisor to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, and served as a political mentor to Calvin Coolidge. His success in defusing a Teamsters strike while governor prompted Roosevelt to bring him in as a negotiator to resolve the Coal Strike of 1902. He refused repeated offers for cabinet-level positions, and was known to dislike campaigning and giving speeches. He was highly regarded and popular in western Massachusetts.

Life[edit]

Son of Zenas Marshall Crane and Louise Fanny Laflin, Winthrop was a leading member of the Crane family of Dalton, Massachusetts, owners of the Crane Paper Company. Crane entered the family business in 1870, and, alongside his brother Zenas, Jr. presided over a period of significant growth of the company. In 1872 Crane secured a major contract for the supply of wrapping paper to the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, and followed this up in 1879, with an exclusive contract to paper for the Federal Reserve Notes, the currency of the United States. The Crane Company continues to be the sole supplier of currency paper to the federal government today. The company continued significant growth throughout the 1880s and 1890s.

In 1880 Crane married Mary Benner, who died in 1884 giving birth to their only child, Winthrop Murray Crane I. In 1906, Crane married Josephine Porter Boardman, 20 years his junior, from a politically well-connected family. They had three children: Stephen, Bruce, and poet Louise Crane.

Crane stood for election as Governor of Massachusetts in 1900, and won; he won annual reelection until 1903. He was hosting President Theodore Roosevelt in Pittsfield, Massachusetts on September 3, 1902 when a speeding trolley car rammed into the open-air horse carriage carrying Roosevelt. The accident killed the president's Secret Service agent, William Craig.

Crane was appointed October 12, 1904 by Governor John L. Bates to continue the U.S. Senate term of the late George F. Hoar. He was then elected in a January 18, 1905 special election to finish the term.[1] he was re-elected in 1907, and served until 1913.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Roger Wolcott
Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts
1897–1900
Succeeded by
John L. Bates
Preceded by
Roger Wolcott
Governor of Massachusetts
1900–1903
Succeeded by
John L. Bates
United States Senate
Preceded by
George Frisbie Hoar
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Massachusetts
1904–1913
Served alongside: Henry Cabot Lodge
Succeeded by
John W. Weeks