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Wall of the buildings in Wiraquchapampa
Location Peru
Region La Libertad Region
Height 3,070 metres (10,072 ft)

Wiraquchapampa (Quechua) is an archaeological site with the remains of a building complex of ancient Peru of pre-Inca times. It was one of the administrative centers of the Wari culture. Wiraquchapampa lies about 3.5 km north of Huamachuco in Sánchez Carrión Province of the La Libertad Region at an elevation of 3,070 metres (10,072 ft).


The site was occupied from the late Middle Horizon 1B time to the first decades of period 2A, according to the chronology established by Dorothy Menzel, taking as reference the classic division of Horizons and Intermediate by John Rowe. These correspond to the 7th and 8th centuries of our era.


Its Quechua name comes from wira (fat), qucha (lake), and pampa (plain). The term is also related to wiraqucha or Wiraqucha (mister, sir, gentleman / god), referring to one of the greatest Andean divinities (Wiraqucha), also the name of the eighth emperor (Sapa Inka) of the Tawantinsuyu (Wiraqucha Inka).[1] Hispanicized spellings include Huiracochapampa, Viracochabamba, Viracochapampa, and Wiracochapampa.

See also[edit]


  • Denise Pozzi–Escot Buenano: Historia del Perú III. El Perú Antiguo III (500-1400) El Horizonte Medio y los estados regionales, Empresa Editora El Comercio S.A., Lima, 2010. ISBN 978-612-4069-88-8
  • Kauffmann Doig, Federico: Historia y arte del Perú antiguo. Tomo 3. Lima, Ediciones PEISA, 2002. ISBN 9972-40-215-0
  • Lumbreras, Luis Guillermo: “El Imperio Wari”. Incluido en Historia del Perú. Tomo II. Perú Antiguo. Lima, Editorial Juan Mejía Baca, 1980.
  • Makowski, Krzysztof: "Primeras civilizaciones," Enciclopedia Temática del Perú, Tomo 2. Lima, Empresa Editora “El Comercio” S.A., 2004. ISBN 9972-217-17-5
  • Santillana, Julián I.: «Los estados panandinos: Wari y Tiwanaku». Incluida en Historia del Perú. Lexus Editores. Barcelona, 2000. ISBN 9972-625-35-4
  • Tauro del Pino, Alberto: Enciclopedia Ilustrada del Perú,Tercera Edición. Tomo 17. VAC/ZUZ. Lima, PEISA, 2001. ISBN 9972-40-166-9


  1. ^ Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary), p. 136 (see wiraqucha) and p. 209 (see wiracocha)