Wiremu Te Wheoro

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wiremu Te Wheoro
MP
Te Morehu Maipapa.jpg
Personal details
Born 1826
Waikato, New Zealand
Died 1895
New Zealand
Nationality New Zealand
Occupation Politician

Wiremu Te Morehu Maipapa Te Wheoro (1826–1895), also known as Major Te Wheoro and later as Wiremu Te Morehu or William Morris, was a 19th-century Māori member of the House of Representatives.

Te Wheoro was born in the Waikato. His father was Te Kanawa, a chief of the Ngāti Mahuta and Ngāti Naho iwi.[1] He was a strong supporter of Pakeha economic concepts and institutions; at a great meeting at Paetai, near Rangiriri, in May 1857, he spoke against a proposal to install Te Wherowhero of Ngati Mahuta as Maori King arguing that the title of "King" appeared to place Te Wherowhero above the Governor. In 1862 he was appointed the chief assessor, who acted as local magistrate and chief of police, in charge of the official runanga at Te Kohekohe, south of Meremere. He asked that a wooden courthouse be built there for magistrate John Gorst, and suggested that Maori youths be drilled to keep order. Timbers for the courthouse were thrown into the river in March 1863 as tensions between Kingites and the government grew. Lieutenant General Duncan Cameron appointed him a captain in the colonial militia and Te Wheoro joined Waata Kukutai in ferrying supplies from steamers at the Waikato Heads to the Camerontown redoubt, until the supply line was severed by a Ngati Maniapoto attack in September 1863.[1]

From late 1863 Te Wheoro began to act as intermediary between the Government and the King movement and in 1865 became an assessor in the Native Land Court. In 1873 he was appointed major in the colonial forces and two years later was appointed a native commissioner, continuing to assist in negotiations between the King movement and the Government.[1]

Te Wheoro resigned as a native commissioner in 1879, disenchanted with his role and believing his people were treated unfairly. On 8 September 1879 he was elected to Parliament as the representative for Western Maori, defeating defeated Hoani Taipua after Hoani Nahe's retirement.[2][3] In the 1881 election, he had three challengers, but received 69 percent of the vote.[4] In the 1884 election, he was one of eight candidates and came third.[5][6]

Parliament of New Zealand
Years Term Electorate Party
1879–1881 7th Western Maori Independent
1881–1884 8th Western Maori Independent


He was defeated by Te Puke Te Ao,[7] with Te Keepa Te Rangihiwinui in second place.[5] In the 1886 by-election, he came second out of five candidates.[8][9]

In the 1887 election, he came second out of five candidates.[10][11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scott, Gary. "Te Wheoro, Wiremu Te Morehu Maipapa". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "The Western Maori District". The New Zealand Herald XVI (5552). 2 September 1879. p. 4. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Speech by Mr. Te Wheoro, M.H.R.". The New Zealand Herald XVI (5566). 18 September 1879. p. 6. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  4. ^ "Wellington". Wanganui Herald XV (4542). 13 December 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "The Western Maori Election". Waikato Times. XXIII (1885). 5 August 1884. p. 3. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 245.
  7. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 180.
  8. ^ "Wanganui Herald". Wanganui Herald XXI (6117). 11 January 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "The Western Maori Election". The Evening Post. XXXII (191). 30 December 1886. p. 2. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  10. ^ "The Maori Election". The Star (6036). 19 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  11. ^ "The Maori Election". The Evening Post. XXXIV (69). 19 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 

References[edit]

  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 
New Zealand Parliament
Preceded by
Hoani Nahe
Member of Parliament for Western Maori
1879–1884
Succeeded by
Te Puke Te Ao