Wirral South (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°20′03″N 3°02′00″W / 53.3342°N 3.0334°W / 53.3342; -3.0334

Wirral South
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Wirral South in Merseyside.
Outline map
Location of Merseyside within England.
County Merseyside
Electorate 56,238 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Heswall, Bebington
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of Parliament Alison McGovern (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Wirral
Bebington & Ellesmere Port
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North West England

Wirral South is a constituency[n 1] in Merseyside represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Alison McGovern of the Labour Party.[n 2]

History[edit]

In 1983 Wirral South arose for election following the national boundary review by taking over parts of two seats that were abolished to create it: Wirral and Bebington and Ellesmere Port, held by the Conservative Party since 1923 and 1979 respectively.

Political history

Barry Porter (Con) won the seat the first time when it was fought and at the next two general elections. He had ousted the Labour party candidate from Bebington and Ellesmere Port in 1979 which he held until the election in 1983. Following the death of Porter in late 1996, a by-election was held in February 1997, the last by-election of that Parliament, held a matter of weeks before the general election was called. It was won by Ben Chapman (Lab), who held the seat until retiring following controversy over his expenses.[2] Labour narrowly managed to hold on in the 2010 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency is one of four covering the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, covering the south of the borough. It contains the towns of Heswall and Bebington (both wards) and the villages of Bromborough (also a ward), Eastham, Brimstage and Thornton Hough: the last three fall in the wards:

Constituency profile[edit]

Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers, which is a proportion of total unemployed claimants, were in November 2012 much lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.3% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian. This was also lower than the regional average.[4]

Next general election[edit]

The terms of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 mandate that the election will be held on 7 May 2015 (except in the event of a collapse of government or a two-thirds majority of MPs voting for an early election). Alison McGovern is the sitting Member of Parliament for the Labour Party. The Conservative Party have selected John Bell as their candidate for 2015. Bell has previously stood for election in Clwyd South (2010)[5] and Delyn (2005).[6] He has also stood twice to be a Welsh Assembly Member.[7][8] He stood in a local council by-election in 2011, for Wrexham County Council.[9] The Liberal Democrats, Green Party and UKIP have yet to announce if they will stand a candidate in this two-way marginal seat.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[10] Party
1983 Barry Porter Conservative
1997 by-election Ben Chapman Labour
2010 Alison McGovern Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Wirral South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alison McGovern
Conservative John Bell
Liberal Democrat
UKIP
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 2010: Wirral South[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alison McGovern 16,276 40.79 −1.7
Conservative Jeff Clarke 15,745 39.46 +6.3
Liberal Democrat Jamie Saddler 6,611 16.57 −5.0
UKIP David Scott 1,274 3.19 +1.6
Majority 531 1.3 −8.1
Turnout 39,906 71.1 +3.4
Labour hold Swing −4.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Wirral South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Chapman 16,892 42.5 −4.9
Conservative Carl Cross 13,168 33.2 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Simon Holbrook 8,568 21.6 +3.8
UKIP David Scott 616 1.6 N/A
Independent Laurence Jones 460 1.2 N/A
Majority 3,724 9.4 −3.2
Turnout 39,704 67.5 +1.9
Labour hold Swing −1.6
General Election 2001: Wirral South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Chapman 18,890 47.4 −3.5
Conservative Tony Paul Millard 13,841 34.8 −1.6
Liberal Democrat Philip Norman Gilchrist 7,087 17.8 +7.4
Majority 5,049 12.6 −2.0
Turnout 39,818 65.6 −15.4
Labour hold Swing −1.0

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Wirral South[12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Chapman 24,499 50.9 +19.7
Conservative Les Byrom 17,495 36.4 −14.4
Liberal Democrat Philip Norman Gilchrist 5,018 10.4 −2.7
Referendum Party Donald Wilcox 768 1.6 N/A
People's Labour Jane Nielsen 264 0.5 N/A
Natural Law Geoffrey Mead 51 0.1 −0.2
Majority 7,004 14.6 −1.7
Turnout 48,095 81.0 −1.3
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +17.6
Wirral South by-election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Ben Chapman 22,767 52.6 +18.0
Conservative Leslie Byrom 14,879 34.4 −16.5
Liberal Democrat Flo Clucas 4,357 10.1 −3.0
UKIP Richard North 410 0.9 N/A
Independent Harold Bence 184 0.4 N/A
Socialist Labour Michael Cullen 156 0.4 N/A
Disillusioned Conservative Phillip Gott 148 0.3 N/A
Independent Roger Taylor 132 0.3 N/A
Independent - anti tobacco donation Anthony Samuelson 124 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Geoffery Mead 52 0.1 −0.2
21st Century Foresters Colin Palmer 44 0.1 N/A
Independent - Thalidomide Action Group Frederick Astbury 40 0.1 N/A
Majority 7,888 18.2 +1.9
Turnout 60,512 71.5 −10.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +17.2
General Election 1992: Wirral South[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Barry Porter 25,590 50.8 +0.6
Labour Helen Southworth 17,407 34.6 +6.6
Liberal Democrat Edward T. Cunniffe 6,581 13.1 −8.7
Green Nigel Birchenough 584 1.2 N/A
Natural Law George Griffiths 182 0.4 N/A
Majority 8,183 16.3 −5.9
Turnout 50,344 82.3 +2.9
Conservative hold Swing −3.0

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Wirral South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Barry Porter 24,821 50.2 −3.5
Labour John S. Swarbrooke 13,858 28.0 +5.4
Liberal Philip Norman Gilchrist 10,779 21.8 −1.9
Majority 10,963 22.2
Turnout 62,251 79.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Wirral South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Barry Porter 24,766 53.7 N/A
Social Democrat P.J.M. Hollingworth 10,928 23.7 N/A
Labour K.J.S. Rimmer 10,411 22.6 N/A
Majority 13,838 30.0 N/A
Turnout 60,864 75.8 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Ben Chapman becomes first Labour MP to stand down over expenses". Chapman Resigns (London: The Guardian). 21 May 2009. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  3. ^ 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
  4. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/election2010/results/constituency/w22.stm |url= missing title (help). 
  6. ^ BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/shared/vote2005/html/180.stm |url= missing title (help). 
  7. ^ http://www.senedd.assemblywales.org/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?ID=4
  8. ^ "BBC NEWS, Welsh Assembly Election 2007, Clwyd South". BBC News. 
  9. ^ http://www.wrexham.gov.uk/assets/pdfs/electoral/declaration_result_marchwiel_june11.pdf
  10. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  11. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Wirral South". BBC News. 
  12. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-10. 
  13. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.177 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  14. ^ Swings are calculated relative to the 1992 election result, not the by-election result.
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.