Wisbech (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Isle of Ely|
The Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 split the former three-member Cambridgeshire parliamentary county into three single-member divisions. One of these was the Northern or Wisbech Division. During the committee stage of the 1885 bill, the MP for Cambridge University, Henry Raikes made an unsuccessful attempt to rename the constituency as the Northern or Isle of Ely Division.
The constituency consisted of the towns of Chatteris, March, Whittlesey and Wisbech with the surrounding parishes of Benwick, Doddington, Downham, Elm, Leverington, Littleport, Manea, Newton, Parson Drove, Thorney, Tydd St Giles, Welches Dam and Wimblington.
The area was bounded by the constituencies of Spalding to the north, North West Norfolk and South West Norfolk to the east, the other Cambridgeshire divisions of Newmarket and Chesterton to the south and Ramsey, Peterborough and North Northamptonshire to the west.
The constituency was dominated by the Fens, a district of Liberal inclined smallholders. The towns in the division, predominantly Conservative Wisbech and the more Liberal inclined March, were outvoted by the rural areas.
Members of Parliament
|part of Cambridgeshire prior to 1885|
|1885||Sir John Rigby||Liberal|
|1886||Charles William Selwyn||Conservative|
|1891 by-election||Arthur Brand||Liberal|
|1895||Charles Tyrrell Giles||Conservative|
|January 1910||Neil James Archibald Primrose||Liberal|
|1917 by-election||Colin Reith Coote||Liberal|
|1918||constituency abolished, part of Isle of Ely from 1918|
|Wisbech by-election, 1917
|Liberal||Colin Reith Coote||Unopposed||N/A||N/A|
|General Election 1910 (December): Wisbech
|Conservative||Lord Robert Cecil||4,857||47.3||−1.7|
|General Election 1910 (January): Wisbech|
|Conservative||T C Garfit||5,079||49.0||+4.7|
|General Election 1906: Wisbech|
|Conservative||T C Garfit||4,080||44.3||−4.7|
|General Election 1900: Wisbech|
|Conservative||Charles Tyrrell Giles||3,846||49.0||−2.3|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.3|
|General Election 1895: Wisbech|
|Conservative||Charles Tyrrell Giles||4,368||51.3||+2.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+2.1|
|Wisbech by-election, 1894|
|Conservative||S G Stopford-Sackville||4,227||49.2||−0.1|
|General Election 1892: Wisbech|
|Conservative||S W Duncan||4,189||49.3||+1.0|
|Wisbech by-election, 1891|
|Conservative||S W Duncan||3,719||48.3||−9.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+9.2|
|General Election 1886: Wisbech|
|Conservative||Charles William Selwyn||4,169||57.5||+9.6|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.6|
|General Election 1885: Wisbech|
|Conservative||Charles William Selwyn||3,596||47.9||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
The constituency ceased to exist when the Representation of the People Act 1918 redefined constituencies throughout Great Britain. The new constituencies followed the boundaries of the administrative counties and county districts created by the Local Government Acts of 1888 and 1894. The historic county of Cambridgeshire had been divided by the legislation into two administrative counties: Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely. Each of these, along with the Parliamentary Borough of Cambridge, became single-member constituencies. The whole of the former Wisbech constituency was included in the new Isle of Ely seat, to which were added the City of Ely and surrounding district.
- Parliamentary representation from Cambridgeshire
- List of former United Kingdom Parliamentary constituencies
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- Social Geography of British Elections 1885-1910, by Henry Pelling (Macmillan 1967)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "England". Hansard 1803 - 2005. Parliament of the United Kingdom. 13 April 1885. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Youngs, Frederic A, Jr. (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. p. 716. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
- F. W. S. Craig (1989), British Parliamentary Election Results, 1885-1918. Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 228
- By-election triggered by the death of Neil Primrose.
- By-election triggered by the appointment of Arthur Brand as Treasurer of the Household.
- By-election triggered by the resignation of Charles William Selwyn.