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Withania somnifera, blom, Manie van der Schijff BT.jpg
Withania somnifera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Physaleae
Subtribe: Withaninae
Genus: Withania[1]
Pauquy, 1825

See text


Alicabon Raf.
Archiphysalis Kuang
Manoelia Bowdich
Opsago Raf.
Physaliastrum Makino
Physaloides Moench
Puneeria Stocks

Withania is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae, with 23 species that are native to parts of North Africa, the Middle East, the Mediterranean, and the Canary Islands.[2]

Two of the species, W. somnifera (Ashwagandha) and W. coagulans (Ashutosh booti), are economically significant, and are cultivated in several regions for their medicinal uses.[2]


Although the author gave no explanation of the name,[citation needed] Withania is thought to have been named in honour of Henry Witham, a British geologist and writer on fossil botany beginning in 1830.[3]

Selected species[edit]


  1. ^ "Withania Pauquy". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2009-09-01. Retrieved 2010-04-15. 
  2. ^ a b Mirjalili, M. H.; Moyano, E.; Bonfill, M.; Cusido, R. M.; Palazón, J. (2009). "Steroidal Lactones from Withania somnifera, an Ancient Plant for Novel Medicine". Molecules 14 (7): 2373–2393. doi:10.3390/molecules14072373. PMID 19633611.  edit
  3. ^ "Withania". Electronic Flora of South Australia. Government of South Australia, Department of Environment and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 
  4. ^ "Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal". Flora of Pakistan. eFlora.org. 
  5. ^ "Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 

External links[edit]