Withdrawal syndrome

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A withdrawal syndrome, also called a discontinuation syndrome is a set of symptoms occurring in discontinuation or dosage reduction of some types of medications. The risk of a discontinuation syndrome occurring increases with dosage and length of use.

  • Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, symptoms seen when an individual reduces or stops alcohol consumption after periods of excessive alcohol intake
  • Opioid withdrawal, symptoms seen cessation or rapid reduction of intake of opioid class drugs
  • Benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome, symptoms that appear when a long term user stops taking benzodiazepines or reduces the dosage
  • Cannabis withdrawal, a form of withdrawal associated with the substance cannabis
  • Neonatal withdrawal, a withdrawal syndrome of infants, caused by administration of drugs or the prenatal exposure to a substance
  • Nicotine withdrawal, the effects felt by a person who is nicotine dependent and suddenly stops or significantly reduces his or her nicotine intake
  • SSRI discontinuation syndrome, a syndrome that can occur following the interruption, dose reduction, or discontinuation of SSRI or SNRI medications

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