Withlacoochee River (Florida)

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Withlacoochee River route
Withlacoochee River, looking east in Hernando County, just north of the Pasco County border.

The Withlacoochee River (or Crooked River) originates in central Florida's Green Swamp, east of Polk City. It flows west, then north, and then turns northwest and finally west again before it empties into the Gulf of Mexico near Yankeetown. The river is 141 miles (227 km) long[1] and has a drainage basin of 1,170 square miles (3,000 km2). It is believed to have been named after the Withlacoochee River to the north.

Along its route are the 46-mile-long (74 km) Withlacoochee State Trail, the longest paved rail trail in Florida,[2] the Cypress Lake Preserve, a 324-acre (1.31 km2) park with approximately 600 feet (180 m) of frontage,[3] and Nobleton Wayside Park, a 2-acre (8,100 m2) park in Nobleton that includes a boat ramp, shelter, basketball court, and picnic tables.

The Withlacoochee River flows through Pasco and Hernando counties, and then forms part of the boundary between Hernando County and Sumter County, and all of the boundary between Citrus County and Sumter County, between Citrus County and Marion County and between Citrus County and Levy County (including Lake Rousseau). The largest city close to the river is Dade City.

Etymology[edit]

"Withlacoochee" probably stems from a Muskhogean dialect, which suggests that its application is comparatively recent. It is compounded of Creek we (water), thlako (big), and chee (little), or little big water. This word combination signifies little river in the Creek language, and as we-lako or wethlako may also refer to a lake, it may signify a river of lakes, or lake river. The Withlacoochee flows just to the eastward of Tsala Apopka Lake, and the St. Johns River which flows through a series of large and small lakes was called welaka by the Seminoles.[4] Withlacoochee is an Indian word meaning "crooked river" which accurately describes the river as it makes its 70-mile journey from the Green Swamp in northern Polk County to the Gulf of Mexico at Yankeetown.[5]

List of crossings[edit]

Crossing Carries Image Location Coordinates
Headwaters (Green Swamp)
140018 Florida 471.svg SR 471 Northbound FL 471 over Withlacoochee River Bridge.JPG Sumter-Pasco-Polk County Line.
140031 Florida 575.svg SR 575 Withlacoochee River East of FL 575.JPG Lacoochee
CSX S-Line (Wildwood Subdivision) Lacoochee
080030 US 301.svg US 301 US 301 Withlacoochee River bridge03.jpg Lacoochee
140066 US 98.svg US 98 US 98 Bridge over Withlacoochee River (Northbound).JPG Trilby
US 98.svgFlorida 50.svg US 98-SR 50
Cortez Boulevard
US 98-FL 50 @ Withlacoochee River.jpg Ridge Manor
Confluence with Little Withlacoochee River
080026 (NB)
080025 (SB)
I-75.svg Interstate 75 Silver Lake
184019 Hernando County 476.svgSumter County 476.svg CR 476 Hernando-Sumter CR 476 Bridge; Looking North.JPG Nobleton
184006 Citrus County 48.svgSumter County 48.svg CR 48 Citrus-Sumter CR 48 Bridge; Looking East(Wynn Haven).JPG Bay Hill
020004 (EB)
020003 (WB)
Florida 44.svg SR 44
Gulf-Atlantic Highway
FL 44 Withlacoochee River Bridge; Looking SE-2.JPG Rutland
020008 Florida 200.svg SR 200 NB Florida SR 200 Bridge; Withlacoochee River.JPG Stoke's Ferry
Former San Jose Boulevard Bridge Dunnellon-Citrus Springs
Abandoned Seaboard Air Line Railroad Bridge Dunnellon-Citrus Springs
CSX Citrus Springs-Dunnellon Bridge US 41 Withlacoochee River Bridge; View of CSX Bridge.JPG Citrus Springs-Dunnellon
Brittan Alexander Bridge
020026
US 41.svg US 41
Main Street
NB US 41 Bridge; Boating and Canoeing signs.JPG Citrus Springs-Dunnellon
020920 (NB)
020005 (SB)
US 19.svgUS 98.svg US 19 98 NB US 19-98 at Withlacoochee River-Outstanding Waterway.jpg Red Level-Inglis
Mouth (Gulf of Mexico)

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed April 18, 2011
  2. ^ Withlacoochee State Trail (Florida Greenways and Trails)
  3. ^ Hernando Parks
  4. ^ Simpson, J. Clarence (1956). Mark F. Boyd, ed. Florida Place-Names of Indian Derivation. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Geological Survey. 
  5. ^ http://www.freshfromflorida.com/Divisions-Offices/Florida-Forest-Service/Our-Forests/State-Forests/Withlacoochee-State-Forest

Further reading[edit]

  • Henderson, Rex. 1990. Withlacoochee River. in Marth, Del and Marty Marth, eds. The Rivers of Florida. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. ISBN 0-910923-70-1.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°18′50″N 82°00′06″W / 28.3139296°N 82.0016126°W / 28.3139296; -82.0016126