Witney (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Witney in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Electorate||78,220 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Witney, Carterton, Charlbury|
|Member of Parliament||David Cameron (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Oxfordshire Mid|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Witney is a county constituency in Oxfordshire represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and was created for the 1983 general election.
Hurd was succeeded by Shaun Woodward at the 1997 general election. However, Woodward defected to the Labour Party in 1999, and Witney unexpectedly had a Labour MP. Woodward chose not to stand in Witney as a Labour candidate and moved to the Labour safe seat of St Helens South instead, following the practice of Alan Howarth in 1997.
At the 2001 general election, David Cameron was elected as MP for Witney and has held the seat since then. He has been the leader of the Conservative Party since December 2005, and Prime Minister since May 2010.
|This section requires expansion. (October 2012)|
As part of the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the Boundary Commission reported in 2004 that the seat of Witney could be composed from the entire district of West Oxfordshire. Seven years later the Commission recommended no change.
Until 1974, much of the seat remained as part of the Woodstock and latterly Banbury constituency. From 1974 to 1983, the area was included in the Mid Oxfordshire seat along with parts of Bullingdon and Ploughley. From the 1983 general election, Witney has been a full parliamentary seat in its own right and comprises the whole of the District of West Oxfordshire with villages from surrounding villages attached until 1997.
Carterton is the second largest populated town with 14,000 and is situated alongside RAF Brize Norton which is vital to the local economy being one of the largest and busiest RAF bases in the country.
For the 2010 general election, the Witney Parliamentary Constituency boundaries changed and it become co-terminous with the boundaries of West Oxfordshire District Council.
Members of Parliament
|1983||Douglas Hurd||Conservative||Later Baron Hurd of Westwell; Cabinet minister 1984-95|
|1997||Conservative||MP for St Helens South from 2001; later Secretary of State for Northern Ireland|
|2001||David Cameron||Conservative||Leader of the Conservative Party 2005–present; Prime Minister 2010–present|
|General election, May 2010 
Turnout: 57,769 (73.3%) +4.3
Majority: 22,740 (39.4%) +12.5
Swing: 6.3% from Lib Dem to Con
|Dawn Barnes||Liberal Democrat||11,233||19.4||−3.1|
|Count Nikolai Tolstoy||UKIP||2,001||3.5||+0.9|
|Howling Laud Hope||Monster Raving Loony||234||0.3||N/A|
|Colin Roland Bex||Wessex Regionalist||62||0.1||N/A|
|General Election, May 2005
Turnout: 53,869 (69.0%) +3.1
Majority: 14,156 (26.3%) +10.1
Swing: 0.8% from Lib Dem to Con
|Liz Leffman||Liberal Democrat||12,415||23.0||+2.7|
|General election, June 2001
Turnout: 49,203 (65.9%) −10.8
Majority: 7,973 (16.2%) +3.8
Swing: 1.9% from Lab to Con
|Gareth Epps||Liberal Democrat||10,000||20.3||+0.5|
|General election, May 1997 
Turnout: 56,401 (76.7%)
Majority: 7,028 (12.4%) −27.3
Swing: 13.7% from Con to Lab
|Alexander J. Hollingsworth||Labour||17,254||30.6||+12.5|
|Mrs. Angela Lawrence||Liberal Democrat||11,202||19.9||−2.7|
|Geoffrey M. Brown||Referendum Party||2,262||4.0||N/A|
|Sue N. Chapple-Perrie||Green||636||1.1||+0.0|
|General election, April 1992 
Turnout: 64,306 (81.9%) +4.7
Majority: 22,568 (35.1%) +3.4
Swing: 2.8% from Con to Lab
|Ian M. Blair||Liberal Democrat||13,393||20.8||−4.9|
|Ms. Charlotte Beckford||Green||716||1.1||N/A|
|Ms. Sally B. Catling||Natural Law||134||0.2||N/A|
|Mrs Marilyn C.C. Brown||Independent Conservative||119||0.2||N/A|
|General election, June 1987 
Turnout: 58,185 (77.3%) +2.6
Majority: 18,464 (31.7%) +7.2
Swing: 3.6% from Lib to Con
|M. E. Burton||Liberal||14,994||25.8||−5.1|
|General election, June 1983 
Turnout: 51,823 (74.7%)
Majority: 12,712 (24.5%)
|Carole B. Douse||Labour||7,145||13.8||N/A|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- "David Cameron - Witney Conservatives". Witney Conservatives. Witney Conservatives. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 22 Dec 2011.
- "Anger as Tory defects to Labour". BBC News. BBC. 18 December 1999. Retrieved 5 Jan 2011.
- Review area- Oxfordshire Boundary Commission for England via National Archives
- Final Recommendations - Oxfordshire BCE via National Archives
- What's Proposed - Oxfordshire Boundary Commission for England
- South West recommendations BCE
- 1885 Boundary Commission map Vision of Britain
- 1917 Boundary Commission map Vision of Britain
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Statement of Persons Nominated, West Oxfordshire District Council
- "2010 Witney Election Result". BBC News. BBC. 6 May 2010. Retrieved 5 Jan 2011.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2011-01-07.
- C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.178 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
- The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "UK General Election results June 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Folkestone and Hythe
|Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition
Camberwell and Peckham
Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath
|Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
2010 – present