Wittenberge

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Not to be confused with Wittenberg. ‹See Tfd›
Wittenberge
Wittenberge Panorama2.jpg
Coat of arms of Wittenberge
Coat of arms
Wittenberge   is located in Germany
Wittenberge
Wittenberge
Coordinates: 53°00′N 11°45′E / 53.000°N 11.750°E / 53.000; 11.750Coordinates: 53°00′N 11°45′E / 53.000°N 11.750°E / 53.000; 11.750
Country Germany
State Brandenburg
District Prignitz
Subdivisions 7 Stadtteile/Stadtbezirke
Government
 • Mayor Oliver Hermann (—)
Area
 • Total 50.44 km2 (19.47 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 17,476
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 19322
Dialling codes 03877
Vehicle registration PR
Website www.wittenberge.de

Wittenberge (German pronunciation: [ˌvɪtənˈbɛɐ̯ɡə]) is a town of eighteen thousand people on the middle Elbe in the district of Prignitz, Brandenburg, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Wittenberge is situated at the right (north-eastern) bank of the middle Elbe at its confluence with the Stepenitz and Karthane in the German district of Prignitz. Within the same district, the town borders the Ämter Lenzen-Elbtalaue and Bad Wilsnack/Weisen as well as the district capital Perleberg. The Verbandsgemeinde Seehausen (Altmark) in the district of Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, lies on the opposite side of the Elbe.

History[edit]

The Rathaus building

The site was marked out in 1239 at Wendischwalde and in 1300 the Saxon king, Otto I, established the settlement. It grew slowly but steadily. The town castle (1669) survives as the town museum but it suffered fires in 1686 and 1757, and floods from the Elbe in 1709 and 1761. Nevertheless, because of its position, it prospered from the opening of the BerlinHamburg steamship traffic. By 1823 milling, processing and refining of foodstuffs were important industries. In 1846 the railway came and a silk factory was built, followed by a chemical factory in 1849. The Reichsbahn railway workshops were established in 1875 and the world-famous Singer Sewing Machine Company set up there in 1903. By 1914 the Rathaus was built.

From August 15, 1942 until February 17, 1945 a concentration camp was established in Wittenberge. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp.[2]

Between the wars much architecture characteristic of the period was built in the form of workers' housing for the rapidly increased population. It suffered as most German towns did during WW II. Only the railway workshops remain as significant employers of the old industries but the large, skilled workforce remains for the newer industries of precision engineering and applied chemistry.

Demography[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Wittenberge is twinned with:

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Wittenberge at Wikimedia Commons