Wiveliscombe

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Wiveliscombe
Street scene with buildings and shops. The three storey building on the left has a sign saying The Courthouse.
Court House, Wiveliscombe, built by the Hancock family (a local brewing family) in 1881[1]
Wiveliscombe is located in Somerset
Wiveliscombe
Wiveliscombe
 Wiveliscombe shown within Somerset
Population 2,893 [2]
OS grid reference ST080279
District Taunton Deane
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town TAUNTON
Postcode district TA4
Dialling code 01984
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Taunton Deane
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°02′35″N 3°18′49″W / 51.0431°N 3.3137°W / 51.0431; -3.3137

Wiveliscombe (/wɪvɛˈliskəm/) is a small town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated 9 miles (14 km) west of Taunton in the Taunton Deane district. The town has a population of 2,893.[2] The Square, fronted by several Listed structures, held the former market. The parish includes the nearby hamlet of Maundown.

History[edit]

The Anglo-Saxon settlement, the combe or valley of a certain Wifele,[3] was mentioned in the Domesday survey (1086), when it was quite large, consisting of twenty-seven households, with an annual value to the lord, the Bishop of Wells St Andrew, of £25.[4] During the Middle Ages the bishops maintained a residence here.

Settlement in the neighborhood is of long standing. North west of the town are Clatworthy Camp an Iron age hill fort and Clatworthy Reservoir. Nearby is Elworthy Barrows an unfinished Iron Age hill fort rather than Bronze Age barrows.[5] The Neolithic hillfort at King's Castle is 1 kilometre (0.62 mi) east of the town. A rectangular enclosure south of Manor Farm is the remains of a Roman fort;[6] in the 18th century its vestiges of fortifications and foundations identified Roman origin, and it was locally called "the Castle".[7] In the 18th century a hoard of about 1600 Roman coins of third and fourth century dates was uncovered.[8]

The parish of Wiveliscombe was part of the Kilmersdon Hundred,[9]

The Town Hall was built in 1840 by Somerset surveyor Richard Carver for Lord Ashburton. It housed a fish market, a butchers’ market and a pig market with an assembly room above them. It is a Grade II listed building.[10] It was bought by The Cooperative Society in 1929 and converted to shops, the hall being left unused. Plans have now been drawn up for the creation there of an Arts, Media, Cultural and Heritage Venue.[11] The Abbotsfield cottages were built by businessman Lukey Collard in the 1870s;[12] they became a Grade II listed building in 1975.

In 2010 a new 10 Parishes Centre was announced which will provide a new community facility alongside the Children’s Centre being built at Croft Way.[13]

Governance[edit]

The town council (which is a parish council) has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The town council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The town council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The town falls within the non-metropolitan district of Taunton Deane, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wellington Rural District.[14] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

There is an electoral ward named 'Wiveliscombe and West Deane'. This extends in a southerly direction from Wiveliscombe to Stawley. The total population of the ward as at the 2011 census was 3,900.[15]

It is also part of the Taunton Deane county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects six MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Wiveliscombe is a former borough, market and cloth making town[16] just 5 miles (8 km) from the border between Devon and Somerset. It is situated at the foot of the Brendon Hills and acts as a gateway to Exmoor.

The town used to have a station on the Devon and Somerset Railway which closed in 1966.

Demographics[edit]

The town's population in 1777 was 1533.[17] While the modern population of 2,670 is small for a town, its shops and services meet the needs of a much larger population, spread through the western fifth of Taunton Deane, in scattered farms and villages. A survey in 1997 revealed that there were at least 300 businesses within a 5-mile (8 km) radius of the town; 14 of these were trading internationally and a further 20 nationally. Wiveliscombe is also home to two breweries, Cotleigh Brewery and Exmoor Ales. It is also one of the first towns in the UK to set up a completely free goods and services exchange forum for the local ten parishes area.[18] The community radio station 10Radio[19] is based in the town, serving the community of the ten parishes from which its name is derived. 105.3FM in the local area and via the internet at www.10radio.org.

Churches[edit]

The tower of the Church of St Andrew

The previous parish church was valued in 1292 at 12 marks.[20] The present Church of St Andrew dates from 1827-9 and was built from red sandstone with Hamstone dressings, although the octagonal font originated in the 14th century. The architect was Richard Carver. The church has been designated by English Heritage as a grade II* listed building.[21]

Within the churchyard is a 14th-century Sandstone cross.[22]

The oldest place of worship in Wiveliscombe is the Congregational Chapel in Silver Street, built in 1708 as the Independent Chapel. It joined the Congregational Union of England and Wales in 1838, and today is home to the Wiveliscombe Evangelical Congregational Church. This chapel was built because the Independent Meeting House (built in 1689 after the Act of Toleration) had become too small. This earlier Meeting House was demolished sometime after the First World War, when North Street Motors was built on the site. This has now closed, and the premises are currently being used as a garden shop.

Education[edit]

Wiveliscombe Primary School serves most of the surrounding villages. Kingsmead School, for pupils aged 11 to 16, houses a Theatre and Sports Hall and a youth club complementing the town's Recreation Ground where the Tennis, Rugby, Cricket and Football Clubs have their bases.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nos 5 & 7 The Square". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 
  2. ^ a b "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (EXCEL). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  3. ^ BBC: Domesday Reloaded: Wiveliscombe.
  4. ^ Open Domesday: Wiveliscombe.
  5. ^ Barrow, "Hllforts and hilltops 1000BC - 1000AD" in Aston and Burrow, The Archaeology of Somerset (1982)
  6. ^ "Roman fort, SE of Wiveliscombe". Somerset Historic Environment Record. Somerset County Council. Retrieved 17 August 2014. 
  7. ^ John Collinson, The History and Antiquities of Somerset 1791 vol II, p. 488; Collinson notes that several Roman coins were discovered within the site in 1711.
  8. ^ Collinson 1791, p. 488.
  9. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  10. ^ "Town Hall". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  11. ^ "Wiveliscombe town hall". Somerset Rural Renaissance. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  12. ^ Tim, Welch (8 July 2014). Joseph Smale: God's 'Moses' for Pentecostalism. Authentic Publishers. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-78078-320-8. 
  13. ^ "Building links at Wiveliscombe". Somerset Rural Renaissance. Retrieved 14 May 2010. 
  14. ^ "Wellington RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Wiveliscombe and West Deane ward.Retrieved 3 March 2015". 
  16. ^ The woolen industry at Wivelscombe specialized in rough kerseys and baize, which were traded to Brisol and London and exported to Guernsey and Spain (Collinson, p. ).
  17. ^ Collinson, p. 188.
  18. ^ "Wiveliscombe". Somerset Market Towns. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  19. ^ http://www.10radio.org/ Community Radio for the 10 Parishes
  20. ^ Collinson, pp 486ff.
  21. ^ "Church of St Andrew". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-02-15. 
  22. ^ "Churchyard cross, Church of St Andrew". Images of England. Retrieved 2008-02-16. 

External links[edit]