Wizard (Archie Comics)
The Wizard is a fictional superhero character created by Will Harr and Edd Ashe, Jr. for MLJ Comics, which later became Archie Comics. He first appeared in Top-Notch Comics #1 in December 1939, and he was one of the headliners of that title until its cancellation in 1944. He was one of the earliest superhero characters to appear after the debut of Superman in 1938.
His real name is Blane Whitney, a man of great intelligence. He descends from a long line of men who fought for America in its wars, including General Steven Whitney who was General Washington's chief aide in the Revolutionary War (and it was later revealed in Shield-Wizard Comics that Blane was not indeed the first Whitney to defend his country wearing the mask and cloak of the Wizard). At ages 14, Blane met President Woodrow Wilson, who told him to use his brain only for good and not for evil. While in college, he was a superb athlete and student. His brother Grover, chief of the Naval Intelligence Service, usually informed him of enemy plots against America. To aid him in his fight against these enemies, the Wizard had various contraptions and machines of his own design available to him, like a vibra-ray gun and a car that could reach up to 500 mph. He had several devices that enabled him to fly. Coming from a rich family, he also had airplanes and submarines at his disposal.
At first, the Wizard, similar to other MLJ superheroes like the Black Hood and the Firefly, did not possess superpowers but was merely a man with great physical and mental prowess. He eventually, however, started to exhibit superhuman strength and a "Super Brain" that gifted him with a photographic memory and "supersensory perception" that enabled him to psychically see distant places, people and events, as well as a talent for hypnosis and telepathy. He also started consuming capsules containing a secret formula that replenished his super-strength. In his final appearances, he had no powers other than his visions.
In his early appearances, the Wizard wore a tuxedo and cape, thus he was similar in appearance to Mandrake the Magician (a resemblance made even more obvious by his dashing pencil thin moustache). At first, his cape and mask were white, but they were soon switched to a more striking red. During the Moskovia Invasion crossover storyline (which featured the Shield) where he was briefly blinded by an enemy attack, he developed a bullet-proof, explosion-resistant costume that consisted of blue tights with red trunks, cape, and mask. He wore this costume for the remainder of his Golden Age appearances.
The enemies of America that the Wizard faced in each adventure were usually from a fictitious country, like Jatsonia (in his first appearance) and Bundonia, but due to facial features or accents made apparent in speech balloons, these enemies were obvious, unflattering caricatures of Germans, Soviets, or Japanese.
Usually, after each adventure, the last panel would feature a note from the Wizard that read: "Our country / right or wrong / our country / The Wizard."
After several months of publication, the Wizard was given a kid sidekick named Roy the Super Boy who was an orphan bootblack. Admiring the boy's courage, Blane trained him until he had the strength of ten men. Roy would later join The Shield's sidekick in the super-duo Boy Buddies.
Blane Whitney also had a girlfriend named Jane Barlowe, who was a newspaper reporter. She was often disgusted with his polo-playing playboy lifestyle. She developed an attraction to his superheroic alter-ego, creating an odd love triangle that is quite common in comic books (i.e. Superman/Lois Lane/Clark Kent, Hal Jordan/Carol Ferris/Green Lantern).
The Wizard was popular enough to receive a second publication alongside another MLJ superhero, The Shield. Shield-Wizard Comics first appeared with a Summer, 1940 cover date. He started sharing cover appearances of Top-Notch Comics with the Black Hood, an indication of waning popularity. Top-Notch was converted into a humorous publication in 1942, but the Wizard continued to appear in Shield-Wizard Comics until its cancellation in Spring, 1944.
Archie Comics, formerly known as MLJ Comics, revived its superhero line in the 1960s, but the Wizard returned as a villain and with a different appearance. He had a white beard and wore a new outfit. He fought The Mighty Crusaders, a team consisting of many old MLJ heroes. In the 1980s revival, he returned as a hero, with no mention of his villainous period. Since then, the Wizard has been appearing sporadically throughout the Archie Comics titles on irregular bases.
- Top-Notch Comics #1, MLJ Comics, December 1939
- Top-Notch Comics #8, MLJ Publications, Sept. 1940
- Special Comics #1, MLJ Comics, Winter 1941.