St. Mary's parish church in Woburn
Woburn shown within Bedfordshire
|OS grid reference|
|Unitary authority||Central Bedfordshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||MILTON KEYNES|
|Fire||Bedfordshire and Luton|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
|UK Parliament||Mid Bedfordshire|
Woburn (pronounced /'wəubn/ and meaning twisted or crooked stream) is a village and civil parish in Bedfordshire, England. It is situated about 5 miles (8.0 km) southeast of the centre of Milton Keynes, and about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of junction 13 of the M1 motorway and is a tourist attraction. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 945.
Woburn was first recorded as a hamlet in 969 and is found in the Domesday Book of 1086. It is best known as the location of Woburn Abbey (a stately home), founded by Cistercian monks in 1145 and granted to the first Earl of Bedford in 1538 after the dissolution of the monasteries, and Woburn Safari Park. The village may have been called "Woburne Chapell" in Medieval times, in order to distinguish it from the abbey. Woburn has been burned down and rebuilt three times. A mediaeval chimney fire spread due to the prevalence of thatched roofs and closely built houses. Then, during the English Civil War, the Cavaliers burned down much of the village and in 1724 a third fire destroyed much of the town, which was re-built in the Georgian style that remains today.
During the nineteenth century, Woburn was an important staging post on a nationwide coaching network. The town had 27 inns and the first 24 hour post office outside of London. However, with Woburn Sands and not Woburn being selected for a railway station, Woburn's importance attached to its strategic location decreased. The population fell from 2,100 in 1851 to 700 about a century later.
Woburn is a residential village and tourist attraction. Aside from Woburn Abbey and Woburn Safari Park, tourists visit Woburn's Georgian centre and the Woburn Heritage Centre local history museum. Woburn hosts a popular Oyster Festival on the first weekend of September every year attracting thousands of visitors. Every April the local art gallery also organises 'Art Beat' for the promotion of local original art. Facilities for residents include a heated outdoor swimming pool open in the summer months, the Village Hall, St. Mary's Church and Woburn Lower School. Woburn also has a monthly Farmers' Market on the third Sunday of the month organised by the Village Traders.
Tiger Moth airplane rallies continue at Woburn Abbey with the 2013 rally seeing over 80 vintage and classic aircraft in the air above the stately home. Woburn Abbey has also played host to many outdoor live music concerts including Dire Straits, Elton John and Neil Diamond. In July 2007 the Abbey hosted the three day Woburn Live concert featuring Classic FM Live, Van Morrison and Ronnie Scott's Big Band on three consecutive evenings. Woburn has also been chosen by Center Parcs as the named location for its fifth holiday village at a cost of £250 million. Although the actual location is 7 miles (11 km) away between Millbrook and Steppingley; Center Parcs Woburn Forest sits on an ancient wood called Millbrook Warren, and is on schedule to open to guests in spring 2014.
- "Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: Mid Bedfordshire". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- Plea Rolls of the Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40 / 677, dated 1430; http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no677/bCP40no677dorses/IMG_0870.htm; third entry & http://aalt.law.uh.edu/AALT1/H6/CP40no677/bCP40no677dorses/IMG_0479.htm; first entry.
- The official website of Woburn Abbey, Safari Park, Golf Club, Hotel and Antiques Centre
- Guide to shops and services
- The Village Hall's Website
- Woburn pages at the Bedfordshire and Luton Archives and Records Service