Woensdrecht

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Woensdrecht
Municipality
Hill ridge in Woensdrecht
Hill ridge in Woensdrecht
Flag of Woensdrecht
Flag
Coat of arms of Woensdrecht
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Woensdrecht in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°25′N 4°20′E / 51.417°N 4.333°E / 51.417; 4.333Coordinates: 51°25′N 4°20′E / 51.417°N 4.333°E / 51.417; 4.333
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Steven Adriaansen (VVD)
Area[2]
 • Total 91.91 km2 (35.49 sq mi)
 • Land 91.55 km2 (35.35 sq mi)
 • Water 0.36 km2 (0.14 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 24 m (79 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 21,656
 • Density 237/km2 (610/sq mi)
Demonym Woensdrechter
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 4630–4645
Area code 0164
Website www.woensdrecht.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Woensdrecht, July 2013

Woensdrecht (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality (named after the village) in the southern Netherlands.

Woensdrecht is the home of the Woensdrecht Air Base, which is located to the north-east of the village of Woensdrecht and to the north-west of Huijbergen.

History[edit]

Second World War[edit]

On 2 October 1944, at the beginning of the Battle of the Scheldt (2 October-8 November 1944), the Canadian 2nd Division began its advance north from Antwerp. Stiff fighting at Woensdrecht ensued on 6 October, the objective of the first phase. The Germans, reinforced by Battle Group Chill, saw the priority in holding there, controlling direct access to South Beveland and Walcheren Island. There were heavy casualties as the Canadians attacked over open, flooded land. Driving rain, booby traps and land mines made advance very difficult. On 13 October, what would come to be known as "Black Friday", the Canadian 5th Infantry Brigade's Black Watch was virtually wiped out in an unsuccessful attack. The Calgary Highlanders were to follow up with a more successful action, and their Carrier Platoon succeeded in taking the rail station at Korteven. Heavy fighting at Hoogerheide also ensued, but by 16 October, Woensdrecht was secured, cutting the land link to South Beveland and Walcheren. The Canadians was successful in completing their objective.

After that the Buffaloes, ground forces dedicating to causing as much impact to the enemy troops during the barrage, secured the Berserk pocket on the north side of the Scheldt river.

Cold War era[edit]

In 1983, it was decided that the United States would station 48 nuclear armed cruise missiles at the air base in the district, unless the USSR reduced their number of SS-20 missiles to 378. Since the number was still higher in 1985, stationing was to proceed. Among the Dutch population there was protest against this. The plan was cancelled in 1987 due to the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

Population centres[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Woensdrecht has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "College B&W" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Woensdrecht. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 4631GC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Climate Summary for Woensdrecht, Netherlands

External links[edit]