As of 2014, Wofford has several players who were taken in the Major League draft (one in the seventh round) competing in the minor leagues, including one at the AAA level. Several Wofford alums over the years have played in the major leagues.
On March 8, 2010 the Wofford Terriers men's basketball team defeated Appalachian State to win the Southern Conference tournament, marking the first time Wofford qualified to compete in the NCAA tournament. Although Wofford came within a possession of upsetting 4th seeded Wisconsin in the first round, they eventually lost 49–53. The Terriers qualified for the NCAA tournament for the second time on March 7, 2011, winning the Southern Conference tournament over College of Charleston, 77-67, but they lost in the first round to BYU. Brad Loesing, point guard and 4.0 Phi Beta Kappa student, was selected first team Division 1 All-American. In 2013, Wofford won the Southern Conference tournament and qualified for the NCAA tournament for the third time in five years, losing to Michigan in the first round.
The Terriers have won three Southern Conference football championships. Wofford won the 2003 championship outright, and shared the 2007 and 2010 championships with Appalachian State. In 2007, Wofford was the conference champion and earned the automatic tournament bid based on winning the head to head matchup, however, Appalachian State received the automatic bid in 2010. The Terriers have made the I-AA/FCS playoffs 4 times. Wofford advanced the farthest in 2003, advancing to the semifinals before losing to Delaware. They have been noted for defeating FBS opponent UL-Monroe in 2000, 24-6. In 2006, Sports Illustrated called Wofford's uniform the 6th best nationally. As of 2014, three Wofford alums are on NFL rosters and one is on a CFL roster; one alum is an NFL club owner and one is an NFL club president. The academic record and standing (including academic progress) of Wofford's football (and other sports) teams is among the highest in NCAA Division 1; all students take substantive classes and majors, there being no phys ed, recreation, or similar majors. A recent all-conference quarterback graduated with a 4.0, majoring in physics and double minoring in math and computer science; he was recognized nationally as one of the two top FCS scholar-athletes. Justice Joslin, former Wofford wide receiver, is on the roster of the Carolina Panthers.
In recent years under Coach Ralph Polson, Wofford's men's team has won the Southern Conference championship and been selected to the NCAA tournament. Several players have been nationally recognized as among the top student-athletes in Division 1.
Wofford's volleyball team has made steady improvement in recent years. In 2012, Rachel Woodlee, a member of the volleyball team, was selected as Wofford's sixth Rhodes Scholar, winning a full post-graduate fellowship to Oxford University.