Wojciech Żywny

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Wojciech Żywny
Wojciech Żywny, Ambroży Mieroszewski.jpg
Wojciech Żywny, by Mieroszewski, 1829
Background information
Native name Czech: Vojtěch Živný
Birth name Wojciech Adalbert Żywny
Born (1756-05-13)May 13, 1756
Mšeno, Bohemia
Origin Polish
Died February 21, 1842(1842-02-21) (aged 85)
Warsaw
Occupation(s) pianist
violinist
teacher
composer
Notable instruments
Piano
Violin
Krakowskie Przedmieście 19, Warsaw, Poland: site of Żywny's 1837-42 home

Wojciech Żywny (Czech: Vojtěch Živný; May 13, 1756 – February 21, 1842) was a Czech-born Polish pianist, violinist, teacher and composer. He was Frédéric Chopin's first professional piano teacher.

Life[edit]

Żywny was born in Mšeno, Bohemia, and became a pupil of Jan Kuchař. As a youth, during the reign of Stanisław August Poniatowski, he moved to Poland to become the music tutor to the children of Princess Sapieha.[1] He later moved to Warsaw.

He was the first professional piano teacher of Frédéric Chopin, who received lessons from him between 1816 and 1822. Żywny instilled in Chopin a lasting love of Bach and Mozart.[1] Chopin's piano skills soon surpassed those of his respected teacher. In 1821, eleven-year-old Chopin dedicated a Polonaise in A-flat major to Żywny as a name-day gift.

Żywny died in 1842, aged 85, in Warsaw.

Works[edit]

Żywny wrote many pieces for piano, violin, as well as orchestral works, few of which are known or published today. They show refined mastery of the classical style, with definite romantic influences. Another influence on his music was Central European folk music.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, 5th ed, 1954, Vol. IX, p. 433

References[edit]

External links[edit]