Wojdan Shaherkani

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Wojdan Ali Seraj Abdulrahim Shahrkhani
Wojdan Shaherkani.jpg
Shaherkani at the 2012 London Olympics
Personal information
Born (1996-02-01) 1 February 1996 (age 18)[1]
Mecca, Saudi Arabia[1]
Weight 80 kg (176 lb) (2012)[1]
Sport
Country Saudi Arabia
Sport Judo
Event(s) 78kg

Wojdan Ali Seraj Abdulrahim Shahrkhani (or "Shaherkani") (Arabic: وجدان علي سراج الدين شهرخاني‎) (born 1 February 1996 in Mecca)[1] is a Saudi judo competitor who was one of two women selected to represent the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia at the 2012 Summer Olympics. Her inclusion in the games came after the International Olympic Committee put pressure on the Saudi Arabian Olympic Committee to include women on their team. The Saudi Arabian Olympic Committee imposed special rules on Shaherkhani related to how to behave while representing Saudi Arabia at the 2012 Games. At the time of the competition, she had only attained a blue belt, having practised judo for just two years.

Career[edit]

Wojdan Shaherkani studied judo, a sport connected to her family, as her father is a judo referee. By 2012, she had attained a blue belt.[2] Her first competition was in 2012, the 2012 London Olympics.[3]

2012 Summer Olympics[edit]

Shahrkhani was one of two Saudi Arabian women selected to compete in the 2012 Summer Olympics held in London, United Kingdom. She competed in judo in the above 78kg event.[4][5] The other Saudi woman selected was Pepperdine University-based runner Sarah Attar.[6]

Shahrkhani was invited to compete[7] by specific invitation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC)[8] as she was not eligible based on international and regional ranking criteria.[9] The top 14 women in each weight class based on international rankings automatically qualified, while 8 women across all classes from Asia qualified based on the contintental rankings, with 20 total additional spots available through special invitation of the IOC, ANOC and the IJF.[9] Unlike most Olympic competitors, she did not win her spot through a national competition because Saudi Arabia strongly discourages women from participating in sport, and thus no such competitions for women exist in the country.[10] Other judoka in the competition had attained black belts in the sport; Shaherkani only had a blue belt.[2]

There was opposition within Saudi Arabia to the concept of women representing the country at the Olympics. Ultimately the Saudi government gave in to international pressure from sport and women's rights activists to include women or face possible sanctions.[10][11] The IOC president Jacques Rogge said of Shahrkhani's and Attar's inclusion, "The I.O.C. has been working very closely with the Saudi Arabian Olympic Committee and I am pleased to see that our continued dialogue has come to fruition."[6]

The Saudi Arabian Olympic Committee chose not to promote Shahrkhani's participation. They also required that she "dress modestly, be accompanied by a male guardian and not mix with men" while in London for the 2012 Games.[12] Additionally, her competition clothing had to comply with Sharia law.[12] On 30 July 2012, Shahrkhani said that she would withdraw from the event if she was not permitted to wear her hijab during bouts. Her father (who often speaks for her, partially because she does not know English) clarified that he wanted his daughter to compete, and that they wanted to make "new history for Saudi's women," but that she would not participate without a hijab.[13][14] The next day the IOC and the International Judo Federation announced that agreement had been reached on a hijab that she could wear.[15][16] The design agreed upon was a tight-fitting, cap-style covering, rather than the more common headscarf which drapes around the neck and under the chin.[17] Despite this, she was still labeled a prostitute by religious clerics inside in the country.[18][19]

Her first match was in the Round of 32, which was an elimination round, on 3 August, the seventh day of competition at the Olympics. Wearing white,[20] she lost to Puerto Rican Melissa Mojica in 82 seconds,[3][20] lasting longer than the shortest match in her weight class, which lasted 48 seconds where Mika Sugimoto of Japan beat Maria Suelen Altheman of Brazil.[21] The match was refereed by Wilian Rosquet, and judged by Young Chun Jeon and Cathy Mouette. There were no penalties awarded in the match.[20] After the match, she said to the press (in Arabic): "I am happy to be at the Olympics. Unfortunately, we did not win a medal, but in the future we will and I will be a star for women's participation."[22] She also stated that, because she was not accustomed to fighting in such large tournaments and because of the debate over the hijab, it had been difficult for her to focus on the competition. Despite this, she clarified that she was happy to have participated and planned to continue to practise judo in the future.[23] Although her fight was not televised live on any local Saudi television channels, it was available within the Kingdom on several satellite networks broadcasting from other parts of the Arab world.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Wojdan Shaherkani". London Organising Committee. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Associated Press (3 August 2012). "Saudi women's Olympic judo bout over in 82 seconds". Times Union. 
  3. ^ a b Associated Press (3 August 2012). "London 2012: Saudi Arabia’s 1st female judo athlete loses bout in 82 seconds". Toronto Star. 
  4. ^ "India & The Olympics". The Sports Campus. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  5. ^ "Saudi Arabia joins Brunei Darussalam and Qatar in sending female athletes to London 2012". Bahrain Chronicle. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Pilon, Mary. "Two Female Athletes Will Compete for Saudi Arabia". New York Times. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "London Olympics: Saudi Arabia to send 2 female athletes". GlobalPost. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  8. ^ "Saudis to send female athletes to Olympics for first time". The Portland Press Herald / Maine Sunday Telegram. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Jevans, Debbie (2012). Explanatory Guide: Judo. London, England: LOCOG. pp. 20–21. 
  10. ^ a b "London 2012: don't forget most Saudi women are banned from sport | Eman Al Nafjan". The Guardian. 14 February 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  11. ^ Gardner, Frank (24 June 2012). "BBC News - London 2012 Olympics: Saudis allow women to compete". BBC. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "SPORTCHECK: Taboo over". New Straits Times. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "Olympics judo: Saudi Arabia judoka could pull out in hijab row". BBC. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 30 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "London Olympics: Saudi Judo player allowed to compete wearing hijab". Al-Arabiya. 2012-07-31. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  15. ^ Matt Blake and Damien Gayle (31 July 2012). "Female Saudi judoka WILL fight in a hijab... agreement reached with Olympic officials to allow her to wear headscarf in competition". Daily Mail. Retrieved 31 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "Olympics judo: Saudi Arabia hijab dispute resolved". Retrieved 2012-07-31. 
  17. ^ a b Aya Batrawy (3 August 2012). "Saudi Woman in Olympics Displays Fight to Kingdom". US News and World Report. Retrieved 3 Aug 2012. 
  18. ^ "Branded prostitutes Saudi's women Olympians still play ball". Al Bawaba (Jordan). 28 July 2012. WABW99839880. Retrieved 18 October 2012. 
  19. ^ "Saudis hail women in Olympic parade". Kuwait Times (Kuwait). 29 July 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012. 
  20. ^ a b c "Elimination Round of 32". London, England: LOCOG. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012. 
  21. ^ "Competition Statistics". London, England: LOCOG. 2012. Retrieved 18 October 2012. 
  22. ^ Associated Press (3 August 2012). "Saudi women's Olympic judo bout over in 82 seconds". ESPN. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Original Arabic text:
    أنا سعيدة وفخورة بالمشاركة، وسأستمر في مزاولة لعبة الجودو[...] كنت خائفة في البداية لانني لست معتادة على خوض بطولات كبرى بهذا الحجم، كما أن بلبلة ارتداء الحجاب من عدمه في الأيام الأخيرة أفقدتني تركيزي بعض الشيء
    Agence French-Presse (3 August 2012). "82 ثانية تاريخية للسعودية شهرخاني ("Eighty-two Historic Seconds for Saudi-Arabian Woman Shahrkhani")". Al-Arab Online. Retrieved 3 August 2012.