Wolf Prize in Agriculture

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The Wolf Prize in Agriculture is awarded once a year by the Wolf Foundation in Israel. It is one of the six Wolf Prizes established by the Foundation and awarded since 1978; the others are in Chemistry, Mathematics, Medicine, Physics and the Arts. The Prize is sometimes considered the equivalent of a "Nobel Prize in Agriculture",[1] though the same description is also given to the World Food Prize.[2]

Laureates[3][edit]

Year Name Nationality Citation
1978 George F. Sprague  United States for his outstanding research on the genetic amelioration of maize for human welfare.
John Charles Walker  United States for his research in plant pathology, developing of disease-resistant varieties of major food plants.
1979 Jay L. Lush  United States for his outstanding and pioneering contributions to the application of genetics to livestock improvement;
Kenneth Blaxter  United Kingdom for his fundamental contributions to the science and practice of ruminant nutrition and livestock production.
1980 Karl Maramorosch  United States for his pioneering and wide-ranging studies on interactions between insects and disease agents in plants.
1981 John O. Almquist  United States for his significant contributions to the application of artificial insemination to livestock improvement.
Henry A. Lardy  United States for his pioneering research on storage and preservation of spermatozoa thus enabling artificial insemination to become a universal practice.
Glenn W. Salisbury  United States for his outstanding achievements in basic and applied research on artificial insemination.
1982 Wendell L. Roelofs  United States for his fundamental chemical and biological research on pheromones and their practical use in insect control.
1983/4 Don Kirkham
Cornelis T. de Wit
 United States
 Netherlands
for their innovative contributions to the quantitative understanding of soil-water and other environmental interactions influencing crop growth and yield.
1984/5 Robert H. Burris  United States for his pioneering fundamental research on the mechanisms of biological nitrogen fixation and its application in crop production.
1986 Ralph Riley
Ernest R. Sears
 United Kingdom
 United States
for their fundamental research in cytogenetics of wheat, providing the basis for genetic improvement of cereal grains.
1987 Theodor O. Diener  United States for his discovery and pioneering fundamental research on viroids and his applied work on viroid detection in crops.
1988 Charles Thibault
Ernest John Christopher Polge
 France;
 United Kingdom
for pioneering work in reproductive physiology including cell preservation, fertilization processes, egg biology and embryo manipulations for domestic animal improvement.
1989 Peter M. Biggs
Michael Elliott
 United Kingdom
 United Kingdom
for distinguished contributions to basic science and its successful translation into practice in the fields of animal health and crop protection.
1990 Jozef Stefaan Schell  Belgium for his pioneering work in genetic transformation of plants, thereby opening up new horizons in basic plant science and breeding.
1991 Shang Fa Yang  Taiwan /  United States for his remarkable contributions to the understanding of the mechanism of biosynthesis, mode of action and applications of the plant hormone, Ethylene.
1992 No award
1993 John E. Casida  United States for his pioneering studies on the mode of action of insecticides, design of safer pesticides and contributions to the understanding of nerve and muscle function in insects.
1994/5 Carl B. Huffaker
Perry L. Adkisson
 United States
 United States
for their contributions to the development and implementation of environmentally beneficial integrated pest management systems for the protection of agricultural crops.
1995/6 Morris Schnitzer
Frank J. Stevenson
 Canada
 United States
for their pioneering contributions to our understanding of the chemistry of soil organic matter and its application to agriculture.
1996/7 Neal L. First  United States for his pioneering research in the reproductive biology of livestock.
1998 Ilan Chet
Baldur R. Stefansson
 Israel
 Canada
for their contributions to the environmentally safe development of world agriculture through innovative approaches in breeding and bio-control.
1999 No award
2000 Gurdev Khush  India for his extraordinary contribution to theoretical research in plant genetics, evolution and breeding especially of rice, with regard to food production and alleviation of hunger.
2001 Roger N. Beachy
James E. Womack
 United States
 United States
for the use of recombinant DNA technology, to revolutionize plant and animal sciences, paving the way for applications to neighboring fields.
2002/3 R. Michael Roberts
Fuller W. Bazer
 United Kingdom /  United States;
 United States
for discoveries of Interferon tau and other pregnancy-associated proteins, which clarified the biological mystery of signaling between embryo and mother to maintain pregnancy, with profound effects on the efficiency of animal production systems, as well as human health and well-being.
2004 Yuan Longping
Steven D. Tanksley
 China
 United States
for innovative development of hybrid rice and discovery of the genetic basis of heterosis in this important food staple.
2005 No award
2006/7 Ronald L. Phillips
Michel A. J. Georges
 United States
 Belgium
for groundbreaking discoveries in genetics and genomics, laying the foundations for improvements in crop and livestock breeding, and sparking important advances in plant and animal sciences.
2008 John A. Pickett
James H. Tumlinson
W. Joe Lewis
 United Kingdom
 United States
 United States
for their remarkable discoveries of mechanisms governing plant-insect and plant-plant interactions. Their scientific contributions on chemical ecology have fostered the development of integrated pest management and significantly advanced agricultural sustainability.
2009 No award
2010 David Baulcombe  United Kingdom for his pioneering discovery of gene regulation by small inhibitory RNA molecules in plants, which is of profound importance not only for agriculture, but also for biology as a whole, including the field of medicine.
2011 Harris A. Lewin  United States for highly significant discoveries, that contribute to both fundamental and practical aspects of animal agriculture.
James R. Cook  United States for seminal discoveries in plant pathology and soil microbiology that impact crop productivity and disease management.
2012 No award
2013 Joachim Messing  United States /  Germany for innovations in recombinant DNA cloning, which revolutionized agriculture, and for deciphering the genetic codes of crop plants.
Jared Diamond  United States for pioneering theories of crop domestication, the rise of agriculture and its influences on the development and demise of human societies, and its impact on the ecology of the environment.
2014 Jorge Dubcovsky
Leif Andersson
 United States
 Sweden
for their break-through contribution to the study of plants and animals, through the use of cutting-edge genomic technologies.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ National Research Council: "National Research Initiative: A Vital Competitive Grants Program in Food, Fiber and Natural-resources Research", page 155, National Academies Press, 2000
  2. ^ U.N. Panel Chief Receives World Food Prize For Soil Work
  3. ^ Wolf Prize Recipients in Agriculture

External links[edit]