Wolfe Island Wind Farm

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Wolfe Island Wind Farm
Wolfe island wind farm ls 09.JPG
Wolfe Island Wind Farm located on Wolfe Island, Ontario, within the Township of Frontenac Islands.
Wolfe Island Wind Farm is located in Ontario
Wolfe Island Wind Farm
Location of Wolfe Island Wind Farm
Country Canada
Location Wolfe Island, Ontario (near Kingston, Ontario)
Coordinates 44°10′N 76°28′W / 44.167°N 76.467°W / 44.167; -76.467Coordinates: 44°10′N 76°28′W / 44.167°N 76.467°W / 44.167; -76.467
Status Operational
Owner(s) Canadian Hydro Developers, Inc.
Operator(s) Canadian Hydro Developers, Inc.
Power generation
Units operational 86 x 2.3-megawatt (MW)
Make and model Siemens
Nameplate capacity 197.8 MW
Capacity factor 24% in 2010

Wolfe Island Wind Farm is a large wind farm project located on Wolfe Island, Ontario (near Kingston, Ontario). The wind farm became operational on June 29, 2009.[1] It is owned and operated by Canadian Hydro Developers, Inc., through its subsidiary Canadian Renewable Energy Corporation (CREC). The power will be purchased by Hydro One for distribution to consumers.

The wind farm consists of eighty-six 2.3-megawatt (MW) Siemens model Mark II wind turbines situated on the western portion of Wolfe Island.[2]

Once completed, the 197.8 MW project is expected to generate approximately 594 gigawatt-hours (GW·h) of renewable power annually; enough to supply about 75,000 average households.[3] In 2010 the windfarm operated at 24% of name plate capacity.

Winds of 3.5 to 4 metres per second (11 to 13 ft/s) are required to generate power; when winds are less than 3 metres per second (9.8 ft/s), then power is not being generated.[4]

Key project components[edit]

Cross section of submarine power cable used in Wolfe Island Wind Project. The world's first 3-core XLPE submarine cable to achieve a 245 kV voltage rating.[5]
  • padmount transformers at the base of each wind turbine
  • access roads
  • a 34.5-kilovolt (kV) electrical line collector system
  • a 34.5 / 230 kV transformer station
  • a 230 kV electrical line system
  • 230 kV interconnection facilities with the provincial grid at Hydro One's Gardiners Transformer Station
  • an operations and maintenance building.

CREC has optioned a total of approximately 2513 hectares (6,209 acres) of land for the proposed wind development.[6]

The facility will provide green jobs and generate landowner and community income through royalties, taxes, and the amenities agreement. Canadian Hydro has built a visitor centre at its property on the 5th line.[7]

The 2010 Bird and Bat report commissioned by Transalta, a component of the Post Construction Follow-up Plan (PCFP), states that over the first six months of operation bird mortality due to blade strike was 602 birds of which 13 were raptors. That reflects 6.99 birds per turbine over six months (almost 14 strikes per turbine per year). The industry standard for comparable wind facilities is generally 2 bird strikes per turbine per year. Over 1270 bats were killed in the same six-month period. The development is in a globally and continentally significant Important Bird Area. The PCFP was designed in response to stakeholder concerns over potential negative effects on bird populations, and is a partnership between Transalta, the Environment Canada and provincial Ministry of Natural Resources.[8]


Production (MWh)[9]
Year January February March April May June July August September October November December Total
2009 4,615 6,792 21,328 24,330 28,049 46,907 32,110 52,551 216,682
2010 40,500 30,839 54,313 40,941 31,088 25,053 25,079 29,767 46,278 47,636 47,039 50,819 398,013
2011 32,303 56,015 43,156 54,849 44,238 26,754 18,099 25,124 27,543 49,068 64,780 54,010 407,621
2012 55,585 51,178 48,738 44,933 29,658 34,323 20,894 178,546

See also[edit]


  1. ^ CKWS evening news report June 29, 2009
  2. ^ "Wolfe Island Wind Project (197.8 MW) - Wolfe Island". Ontario Power Authority. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  3. ^ "Wolfe Island". TransAlta. 2013-03-04. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  4. ^ Wolfe Island
  5. ^ "Wolfe Island Wind Project". Canadian Copper CCBDA (156). 2008. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "Plants in Operation" (pdf). wolfeislandwind.com. TransAlta. Retrieved 2013-07-07. 
  7. ^ Kingston EMC Thursday May 14, 2009 page 13
  8. ^ http://www.transalta.com/sites/default/files/PCFP_Report5_Dec2011.pdf
  9. ^ Wind Power in Ontario

External links[edit]