Wolfenstein (series)

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Wolfenstein
Genres First-person shooter, Stealth
Developers Muse Software (1981–4)
id Software (1992)
Gray Matter Interactive (2001)
Nerve Software (2001)
Splash Damage (2001)
Raven Software (2009)
MachineGames (2014–)
Publishers Muse Software (1981–4)
Apogee Software (1992)
FormGen Corporation (1992)
Activision (2009)
Bethesda Softworks (2014–)
Platforms Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, OS X, Linux, Xbox, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Xbox 360, Xbox One and various others
First release Castle Wolfenstein
1981
Latest release Wolfenstein: The Old Blood
May 5, 2015
Official website www.wolfenstein.com

Wolfenstein is a series of World War II video games, originally developed by Muse Software.[1] The third game in the franchise, Wolfenstein 3D, was developed by id Software, and is widely regarded to have helped popularize the first-person shooter genre. In 2001, the series was rebooted with Return to Castle Wolfenstein, developed by Gray Matter Interactive. This was followed by Raven Software's Wolfenstein in 2009, and MachineGames' Wolfenstein: The New Order in 2014 and Wolfenstein: The Old Blood in 2015.

The majority of the games follow protagonist William "B.J." Blazkowicz, and his fights against the Nazi powers. The New Order is set in an alternate history in which the Axis Powers won the Second World War.

History[edit]

The first-person view of the player character, atop a destroyed bridge, shooting a Nazi with his machine gun.
The series focuses on the antagonism of the Third Reich. The violent killing of Nazis in the series has been met with controversy, particularly in Germany, where most of the games have been banned and/or censored.

Castle Wolfenstein is a 2D adventure game released in 1981 for the Apple II, written by Silas Warner. One of the pioneers of the stealth game genre, it is a game of avoiding detection and managing limited resources while trying to escape from a Nazi stronghold. Combat was allowed, but bullets were precious, and non-violent options were often safer, such as pulling a gun on a guard and frisking him while his hands were raised. A sequel, Beyond Castle Wolfenstein, was published in 1984.[1]

Wolfenstein 3D, released in 1992, is a re-imagining of the Castle Wolfenstein scenario in first person with an emphasis on direct combat. Stealth and non-violent options are not present. Silas Warner, the designer of the original Apple II games, was not involved in the development. Wolfenstein 3D is important for popularizing the first person shooter and inventing many of the tropes that became standard in the genre.

Games[edit]

Aggregate review scores
As of May 25, 2015.
Game GameRankings Metacritic
Wolfenstein 3D (3DO) 82%[2]
(GBA) 60%[3]
(iOS) 77%[4]
(PC) 40%[5]
(PS3) 77%[6]
(SNES) 58%[7]
(X360) 63%[8]
(GBA) 57[9]
(PS3) 77[10]
(X360) 66[11]
Return to Castle Wolfenstein (PC) 87%[12]
(PS2) 70%[13]
(Xbox) 85%[14]
(PC) 88[15]
(PS2) 66[16]
(Xbox) 84[17]
Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory (PC) 88%[18] (PC) 90[19]
Wolfenstein RPG (iOS) 87%[20] -
Wolfenstein (PC) 74%[21]
(PS3) 73%[22]
(X360) 74%[23]
(PC) 74[24]
(PS3) 71[25]
(X360) 72[26]
Wolfenstein: The New Order (PC) 84%[27]
(PS3) 78%[28]
(PS4) 81%[29]
(XONE) 82%[30]
(PC) 81[31]
(PS4) 79[32]
(XONE) 79[33]
Wolfenstein: The Old Blood (PC) 78%[34]
(PS4) 77%[35]
(XONE) 79%[36]
(PC) 77[37]
(PS4) 76[38]
(XONE) 77[39]

Castle Wolfenstein (1981)[edit]

Main article: Castle Wolfenstein

Information needed

Beyond Castle Wolfenstein (1984)[edit]

Information needed

Wolfenstein 3D (1992)[edit]

Main article: Wolfenstein 3D

Information needed

Spear of Destiny (1992)[edit]

Information needed

Return to Castle Wolfenstein (2001)[edit]

Information needed

Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory (2003)[edit]

Information needed

Wolfenstein RPG (2008)[edit]

Main article: Wolfenstein RPG

Information needed

Wolfenstein (2009)[edit]

Information needed

Wolfenstein: The New Order (2014)[edit]

Information needed

Wolfenstein: The Old Blood (2015)[edit]

Information needed

Related games[edit]

  • Commander Keen (1990) - William Joseph "Billy Blaze" Blazkowicz II (Commander Keen) is the grandson of William "B.J." Blazkowicz.
  • Doom II: Hell on Earth (1994) - Level 31 (Wolfenstein) of Doom II is based on the first level of Wolfenstein 3D, and Level 32 (Grosse) is a Wolfenstein-based level mixed with elements of Doom.
  • Super 3D Noah's Ark (1994) - Wolfenstein 3D with modified graphics and sounds.
  • Rise of the Triad: Dark War (1995) - Was originally going to be a sequel to Wolfenstein 3D called Rise of the Triad: Wolfenstein 3D II.
  • Enemy Territory: Quake Wars (2007) - Enemy Territory: Quake Wars is a spin-off of Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory.
  • Wolfenstein 1-D (2011) - A demake of Wolfenstein 3D

Film[edit]

In an announcement made at the American Film Market (AFM), producer Samuel Hadida and Panorama Media said they've tapped Roger Avary to write and direct Castle Wolfenstein. According to a press release: "Castle Wolfenstein is an action adventure film in the vein of Captain America and Inglourious Basterds. The story follows a young US Army Captain and a British Special Agent on a top secret mission to Castle Wolfenstein, where Hitler will be for the unveiling of a new secret weapon. After reaching the Castle, our heroes are confronted with Himmler’s SS Paranormal Division and must fight, not only for their survival, but for a mission that could alter the course of the War."[40]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Halter, Ed (2006). From Sun Tzu to Xbox: War and Video Games. PublicAffairs. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-56025-681-6. 
  2. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Classic Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Wolfenstein 3D Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Return to Castle Wolfenstein Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Return to Castle Wolfenstein: Operation Resurrection Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Return to Castle Wolfenstein: Tides of War Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Return to Castle Wolfenstein Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Return to Castle Wolfenstein: Operation Resurrection Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Return to Castle Wolfenstein: Tides of War Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  19. ^ "Wolfenstein: Enemy Territory Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  20. ^ "Wolfenstein RPG Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  21. ^ "Wolfenstein Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  22. ^ "Wolfenstein Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  23. ^ "Wolfenstein Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  24. ^ "Wolfenstein Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  25. ^ "Wolfenstein Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  26. ^ "Wolfenstein Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  27. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  28. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  29. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  30. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  32. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  33. ^ "Wolfenstein: The New Order Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  34. ^ "Wolfenstein: The Old Blood Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  35. ^ "Wolfenstein: The Old Blood Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  36. ^ "Wolfenstein: The Old Blood Reviews". GameRankings. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  37. ^ "Wolfenstein: The Old Blood Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  38. ^ "Wolfenstein: The Old Blood Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  39. ^ "Wolfenstein: The Old Blood Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  40. ^ Vejvoda, Jim (1 November 2012). "Castle Wolfenstein Movie Announced". IGN. Retrieved 7 June 2014.