Wollaston (MBTA station)

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WOLLASTON
Wollaston brutalist.JPG
Looking outbound on Wollaston's brutalist-style platform
Station statistics
Address Newport Avenue and Beale Street
Wollaston, MA 02170
Coordinates 42°15′56″N 71°01′10″W / 42.265638°N 71.01953°W / 42.265638; -71.01953Coordinates: 42°15′56″N 71°01′10″W / 42.265638°N 71.01953°W / 42.265638; -71.01953
Line(s)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Parking 550 spaces ($5.00 fee)[1]
Bicycle facilities 30 spaces[1]
Other information
Opened September 1, 1971
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Traffic
Passengers (2009 daily) 4,347[2]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Alewife
Red Line
toward Braintree

Wollaston is a rapid transit station on the MBTA Red Line, located at the intersection of Beale Street and Newport Avenue in Quincy, Massachusetts. It serves Quincy's Wollaston neighborhood. It was opened in September 1971 as the second of three stations in the original South Shore Extension, replacing a mainline rail station which had been located there from 1845 to 1959.[3] As of 2013, Wollaston is the only Red Line heavy rail station that is not wheelchair accessible.[1]

Wollaston station serves Eastern Nazarene College, which is 0.5 miles (0.80 km) away.

History[edit]

Depot Square and the 1877-built station on a ca. 1920 postcard

The Old Colony Railroad opened through Quincy in November 1845.[4] Several local stations were located in Quincy, including Wollaston station (also known as Wollaston Heights) at Beale Street. In 1877, a large station with a clock tower was built on the west (inbound) side of the tracks.[5] The Old Colony switched from English-style left-hand running to American-style right-hand running in 1893 when it was acquired by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad; the depot was moved to the east side of the tracks in 1895.[4][6][7]

Passenger service on the Old Colony system declined after World War II, and the New Haven decided to abandon the line in the late 1950s. Emergency subsidies kept the lines open during construction of the Southeast Expressway, but all passenger service to Wollaston and the rest of the former Old Colony system was ended on June 30, 1959.[4]

Even before 1959, discussion was underway to bring rapid transit to the Old Colony mainline. The 1926 Report on Improved Transportation Facilities and 1945-47 Coolidge Commission Report recommended a branch of the Cambridge-Dorchester Line (later renamed as the Red Line) to parallel the Old Colony mainline to Braintree, taking over service on local stops.[8][9] The newly formed MBTA bought the Old Colony right-of-way from South Boston to South Braintree in 1965.[4] In 1966, the Program for Mass Transportation recommended the extension, and construction of the station began that year. Wollaston opened along with North Quincy and Quincy Center on September 1, 1971.[3]

Station layout[edit]

P
Platform level
Inbound Red Line toward Alewife (North Quincy)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Outbound Red Line toward Braintree (Quincy Center)
Commuter rail track Commuter rail lines/CapeFLYER do not stop here →
G Street Level Exit/Entrance
L Lobby Fare control, to entrances/exits
Beale Street entrance to the modern Red Line station

The main entrance to the station is via the large parking lot off Beale Avenue. An additional entrance is located on Newport Avenue. The station, located on a high grade, is one of a small number of elevated rapid transit stations remaining in the MBTA system. (The only others are Science Park, Malden Center, Charles/MGH, Beachmont, and Fields Corner.) Boston once had several elevated lines, but the Atlantic Avenue Elevated, Charlestown Elevated, Washington Street Elevated, and Causeway Elevated were all torn down in favor of subway and surface-level lines.

Although the platform is elevated, the station lobby and turnstiles are actually situated several feet below street level, making the lobby prone to flooding during heavy rainstorms. On July 25, 1988, the lobby was flooded by an afternoon deluge, stranding around 100 riders at the station.[10]

Wollaston platform, showing the single commuter rail track at far right

The Red Line's Braintree Extension was built several decades before the 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act, and not all of the stations were originally handicapped-accessible. All other stations on the Red Line proper - and all except Valley Road on the Ashmont-Mattapan High Speed Line - have been rebuilt or retrofitted for handicapped accessibility. The MBTA is planning renovations to Wollaston which will make it handicapped-accessible and solve the flooding problems. A 15% design report was completed in July 2014; design is expected to reach 30% later in 2014 and 100% in 2015.[11]

When the station was built, return of commuter service to the right-of-way was considered unlikely, and few provisions were made. Only a single non-rapid-transit track for freight service was left on the narrow grade. However, commuter service returned on the Old Colony Lines beginning in 1997 and on the Greenbush Line beginning in 2007.

Due to the limited width of the elevated grade and right-of-way through densely populated Quincy, adding a second commuter rail track would be extremely difficult. The single-tracked section of the line around Wollaston represents a major bottleneck on the commuter rail system serving the South Shore.

Bus connections[edit]

Bus dropoff area next to the Newport Avenue entrance

Two bus routes stop directly at Wollaston station on Newport Avenue:

Two additional bus routes stop on Hancock Street several blocks to the east:

  • 210 Quincy Center Station - North Quincy Station or Fields Corner Station via Hancock Street & Neponset Avenue
  • 212 Quincy Center Station - North Quincy Station via Billings Road

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Wollaston Station". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  2. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Belcher, Jonathan (31 December 2011). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 17 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. p. 310-315. ISBN 0942147022. 
  5. ^ "Quincy". Topographical Atlas of Massachusetts. Walker Lithograph & Publishing Co. 1891. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Cheney, Frank (2002). Boston's Red Line: Bridging the Charles from Alewife to Braintree. Arcadia Publishing. p. 111. ISBN 9780738510477. 
  7. ^ "Index Plate". Atlas of the City of Quincy. Ernest Branch. 1907. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Central Transportation Planning Staff (15 November 1993). "The Transportation Plan for the Boston Region - Volume 2". National Transportation Library. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  9. ^ Boston Elevated Railway and Boston Department of Public Utilities (1945). "Boston Rapid Transit System & Proposed Extentions [sic] 1945 - Metropolitan Transit Recess Commission Air View". Wardmaps LLC. Retrieved 24 January 2013. 
  10. ^ Moskowitz, Eric (18 November 2012). "Starts and Stops: MBTA receives first of long-delayed rail cars". Boston Globe. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  11. ^ "Wollaston Station Improvements". Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 

External links[edit]