Wollo Province

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Provinces of Ethiopia in 1935
Provinces of Ethiopia in 1935
Provinces of Ethiopia from 1942 to 1995
Provinces of Ethiopia from 1942 to 1995

Wollo is an historical region and province in the northeastern part of Ethiopia, with its capital city at Dessie. The province was named after the Wollo Oromo, who settled in this part of Ethiopia in the 18th and 19th century, more specifically starting on 1840. An older name for Wollo, before 1850 AD, is Bete Amhara.[1] Lakomelza is believed to be the old name for dessezuria wereda, but clearly it is a corruption of the ancient Bete Amhara district names of Laikueyta and Melza.

Following defeat of Italian colonial authority in 1941, Amhara Sayint, Lasta, Raya, Wag, and Yejju were annexed to Wollo.[2] A number of peasant rebellions rocked the province, which included the Woyane rebellion in 1943, and revolts of the Yejju Oromo in 1948 and 1970.[3] With the adoption of the new constitution in 1995, Wollo was divided between the Afar Region, which absorbed the part of the province that extended into the Afar Depression; the Tigray Region, which annexed the northwestern corner; and the Amhara Region, which absorbed the remainder of the province in the Ethiopian Highlands.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1818 AD Pinkerton Map of Abyssinia ( Ethiopia ), Sudan & Nubia
  2. ^ This list of provinces is based on the map in Bahru Zewde, A History of Modern Ethiopia (London: James Currey, 1991), p. 86.
  3. ^ Sarah Vaughan, "Ethnicity and Power in Ethiopia" (University of Edinburgh: Ph.D. Thesis, 2003), p. 126

Coordinates: 11°30′N 40°00′E / 11.500°N 40.000°E / 11.500; 40.000

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