Wolmido

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Coordinates: 37°28′51″N 126°28′28″E / 37.480852°N 126.474552°E / 37.480852; 126.474552

Wolmido
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Wolmido
McCune–Reischauer Wŏlmido

Wolmido Island (월미도), also known as Wŏlmi-do, is an island one kilometer off the coast of South Korea near Incheon. It was connected to the mainland by a highway in 1989, and was later connected by a monorail line as well.[1][2] It is a weekend destination and tourist area, with restaurants, the theme park Play Hill and the areas Meeting Square, Arts Square, Performance Square, and Good Harvest Square.[3]

The Korean Traditional Garden at Wolmi Park (월미공원) was established in 2001 after the relocation of the Army base which had been located there for 50 years.[3]

History[edit]

U.S. Marines and a planted flag atop Wolmi Island, at Inchon in 1950

On September 10, 1950, the U.S. Army began five days of bombing Wolmido Island, which contained North Korean Army soldiers. Several hundred civilians were killed in the dropping of 93 napalm bombs.[4]

An Army base was established at the site of what became Wolmi Park (월미공원) after the base's relocation. The site was turned into a garden and opened to the public in 2001.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Where the Sky and the Sea Are Open to the World". Korea Tourism Organization. n.d. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Wolmido Monorail: Incheon, South Korea". The Monorail Society. Archived from the original on June 17, 2011. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c "Incheon » Jung-gu » Wolmido Island". Korea Tourism Organization. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Wolmido residents demand joint investigation into Korean War massacre". The Hankyoreh. September 16, 2009. Archived from the original on November 9, 2012.  Additional Archive.org archive on March 25, 2012