Wolverhampton West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Wolverhampton West
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one

Wolverhampton West was a borough constituency in the town of Wolverhampton in the West Midlands of England. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History[edit]

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, when the former two-seat Wolverhampton constituency was divided into three single-member constituencies.

It was abolished for the 1950 general election, when it was largely replaced by the new Wolverhampton South West constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

1885–1918[edit]

The original boundaries of the constituency were set in the sixth schedule of the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. The seat comprised five wards of the municipal borough of Wolverhampton (St. Mark's, St. Paul's, St. John's Ward, St. George's and St. Matthew's) and the neighbouring Ettingshall area which lay outside the borough boundaries.[1]

1918-1950[edit]

Constituencies throughout Great Britain were redrawn by the Representation of the People Act 1918. Wolverhampton's municipal boundaries had been enlarged and it had become a county borough in the period since 1885. The Wolverhampton West seat was redefined to reflect this, and was described as comprising nine wards of the county borough: Blakenhall, Dunstall, Graiseley, Merridale, Park, St. George's, St. John's, St. Mark's and St. Matthew's.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Alfred Hickman Conservative
1886 Sir William Chichele Plowden Liberal
1892 Sir Alfred Hickman Conservative
1906 Thomas Frederick Richards Labour
1910 Sir Alfred Frederick Bird Conservative
1922 by-election Sir Robert Bland Bird, Bt. Conservative
1929 William Brown 1 Labour
1929 Independent Labour
1931 Sir Robert Bland Bird, Bt. Conservative
1945 Herbert Delauney "Billy" Hughes Labour
1950 constituency abolished: see Wolverhampton South West

1 Brown was elected in 1929, as a Labour Party candidate, but later sat as an "Independent Labour" MP. He sought re-election in 1931 and 1935 as an Independent Labour candidate, opposed in 1935 by an official Labour Party candidate, but lost on both occasions

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Wolverhampton West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Sir Alfred Frederick Bird 13,329 58.8 N/A
Labour Alexander Walkden 10,158 42.2 N/A
Majority 3,171 13.6 N/A
Turnout 23,487 63.3 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

By-election, March 1922: Wolverhampton West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Conservative Sir Robert Bird, Bt. 16,790 54.9 −1.9
Labour Alexander Walkden 13,799 45.1 +1.9
Majority 2,991 9.8 −3.8
Turnout 30,589 80.0 +16.7
Coalition Conservative hold Swing −1.9
General Election, November 1922: Wolverhampton West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Bird, Bt. 17,738 53.9 −1.0
Labour Alexander Walkden 15,190 46.1 +1.0
Majority 2,548 7.8 −2.0
Turnout 32,928 83.5 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing −1.0
General Election, 1923: Wolverhampton West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Bird, Bt. 15,990 50.4 −3.5
Labour William John Brown 15,749 49.6 +3.5
Majority 241 0.8 −7.0
Turnout 31,739 79.5 −4.0
Conservative hold Swing −3.5
General Election, 1924: Wolverhampton West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Bird, Bt. 17,886 51.2 +0.8
Labour William John Brown 17,046 48.8 −0.8
Majority 840 2.4
Turnout 34,932 85.9 +6.4
Conservative hold Swing +0.8
General Election, 1929: Wolverhampton West [3]

Electorate 51,061

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William John Brown 21,103 49.1 +0.3
Conservative Robert Bland Bird 17,237 40.2 −11.2
Liberal G. H. Roberts 4,580 10.7 N/A
Majority 3,866 8.9 N/A
Turnout 42,920 84.1 −1.8
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.8

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election, 1931: Wolverhampton West [4]

Electorate: 51,355

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Robert Bland Bird 26,181 60.5 +20.3
Independent Labour William John Brown 17,090 39.5 −9.6
Majority 9,091 21.0 N/A
Turnout 43,271 84.3 +0.2
Conservative gain from Independent Labour Swing +15.0
General Election, 1935: Wolverhampton West [5]

Electorate 49,537

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Robert Bland Bird 19,697 54.9 −5.7
Independent William John Brown 14,867 41.4 +0.9
Labour Rev. R. Lee 1,325 3.7 N/A
Majority 4,830 13.5 −7.5
Turnout 35,889 72.4 −9.9
Conservative hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election, 1945: Wolverhampton West
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Herbert Delauney "Billy" Hughes 21,186 59.9 N/A
Conservative James Beattie 14,176 40.1 −14.8
Majority 7,010 19.8
Turnout 35,362 74.8 +2.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +7.4

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "so much of the Parish of Bilston, as is known as Ettingshall New Village, being the portion which lies to the west of a line drawn along the centre of Ward Street, and is bounded on the south by Sedgley Parish, and on the north and west by the Municipal Borough of Wolverhampton". Sixth Schedule. Divisions Of Boroughs. Number, Names, Contents, and Boundaries Of Divisions. Redistribution Of Seats Act, 1885 (48 & 49 Vict.) Chapter 23.
  2. ^ Representation Of The People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule. Redistribution Of Seats.
  3. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  4. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  5. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949